James Paul Buchanan
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 10th district
In office
April 15, 1913 – February 22, 1937
Preceded byAlbert S. Burleson
Succeeded byLyndon B. Johnson
Member of the Texas House of Representatives
from the 69th district
In office
January 14, 1913 - April 1, 1913
Preceded byJoe Frank Coffey
Succeeded bySam D.W. Low, Sr.
Member of the Texas House of Representatives
from the 47th district
In office
January 12, 1909 - January 14, 1913
Preceded byHenry Frank Schlosshan
Succeeded byThomas Garland Collins
Personal details
Born(1867-04-30)April 30, 1867
Midway, Orangeburg County, South Carolina
DiedFebruary 22, 1937(1937-02-22) (aged 69)
Washington, D.C.
Resting placePrairie Lea Cemetery, Brenham, Texas
Political partyDemocratic Party
OccupationAttorney

James Paul "Buck" Buchanan (April 30, 1867 – February 22, 1937) served as U.S. Representative from the 10th district of Texas from 1913 until his death on February 22, 1937.

Biography

Buchanan was born in Midway, Orangeburg County, South Carolina on April 30, 1867; later that year, his family moved to Texas and settled near Chappell Hill in Washington County. He attended the local schools of Chappell Hill, and in 1889 he received his law degree from the University of Texas at Austin

Later in 1889, Buchanan began a law practice in Washington County, and almost immediately became involved in politics as a Democrat. He served as a county justice of the peace from 1889 to 1892, and as the county's prosecuting attorney from 1892 to 1899. From 1899 to 1906, Buchanan was the district attorney for the twenty-first judicial district.

Buchanan was a member of the Texas House of Representatives from 1906 to 1913. In 1913, he was elected to the Sixty-third Congress, filling the vacancy left by the resignation of Albert Sidney Burleson. Buchanan was elected to a full term in the Sixty-fourth Congress, and won reelection eleven times. He served in the US House from April 15, 1913 to February 22, 1937, and was the chairman of the House Committee on Appropriations from 1933 until his death.

During the 1930s, Buchanan was recognized as a member of the Miller Group, conservative Democrats who were opposed to Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal, and led by lobbyist Henry Pomeroy Miller.[1]

Death and burial

Buchanan died in Washington, DC on February 22, 1937. He was buried at Prairie Lea Cemetery in Brenham, Texas.

He was succeeded in Congress by Lyndon B. Johnson, then the head of the National Youth Administration in Texas, who later became the 36th President of the United States.

Legacy

Buchanan Dam and the lake it forms, Lake Buchanan, are named in his honor. Both are located about 12 miles (19 km) west of Burnet, Texas.

See also

References

  1. ^ Caro, Robert A. (1982). The Path to Power. The Years of Lyndon Johnson. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. p. 271. ISBN 0394499735.
Texas House of Representatives Preceded byHenry Schlosshan Member of the Texas House of Representativesfrom District 47 (Brenham)1909–1913 Succeeded byT. G. Collins Preceded byJoe Coffey Member of the Texas House of Representativesfrom District 69 (Brenham)1913 Succeeded bySam D. W. Low U.S. House of Representatives Preceded byAlbert S. Burleson Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Texas's 10th congressional district1913-1937 Succeeded byLyndon B. Johnson