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Jamui district
Naldanga Palace, Lattu hill, Simultala
Naldanga Palace, Lattu hill, Simultala
Location of Jamui district in Bihar
Location of Jamui district in Bihar
Country India
 • District Magistrate cum CollectorAvnish Kumar Singh
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesJamui
 • Total3,122 km2 (1,205 sq mi)
 • Total1,760,405
 • Density560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • Literacy62.16 per cent
 • Sex ratio921
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
PIN Code
Average annual precipitation1102 mm

Jamui is a district among 38 districts of Bihar state, India. The district was formed on 21 February 1991, when it was separated from Munger district. It is located at a longitude of 86° 13'E and the latitude is 24° 55'N.

The present collector and District Magistrate of Jamui is Shri Avnish singh.[1]


Bihar has the largest gold reserves in the country. It was told that there is a total primary gold ore reserves of 501.83 tonnes in the country, of which 654.74 tonnes are gold metal, of which 44 percent gold has been found only in Bihar. In the Sono field of Jamui district of the state, 222.885 million tonnes of gold metal reserves including 37.6 tonnes of metal ore have been found.


[2] Various literature indicates the fact that Jamui was known as Jambhiyaagram. According to Jains, the 24th Tirthankara lord Mahavira attained omniscience (Kevala Jnana) in Jambhiyagram situated on the bank of river named Ujjihuvaliya. Another place traced as "Jrimbhikgram" on the bank of Rijuvalika river, resembles Jambhiyagram, Ujjhuvaliya.

The Hindi translation of the words Jambhiya and Jrimbhikgram is Jamuhi which is developed in the recent time as Jamui.[citation needed]

With the passage of time, the river Ujhuvaliya /Rijuvalika is supposed to be developed as the river Ulai and as such both the place are still found in Jamui . The Ulai river is still flowing nearby Jamui. The old name of Jamui has been traced as Jambhubani in a copper plate which has been kept in Patna Museum. This plate clarifies that in the 12th century, Jambhubani was today's Jamui. Thus, the two ancient names as Jambhiyagram and Jambubani prove that this district was important as a religious place for Jains, and it was also a place of Gupta Empire.[citation needed]

In the 19th century; the historian Buchanan also visited this place in 1811 and found the historical facts. According to other historians Jamui, was also famous in the era of the Mahabharata.[citation needed]

According to available literature,[citation needed] Jamui was related to Gupta and Pala rulers before the 12th century. But after that this place became famous for Chandel rulers.[citation needed] Prioror to Chandel Raj, this place was ruled by Nigoria, who was defeated by Chandels and the dynasty of Chandela founded in the 13th century. The kingdom of Chandels spread over the whole of Jamui.[citation needed]

According to Joseph David Freedone Melik Beglar there is the ruin of an old fort in indpe which belongs to Nigoria ruler.

Chirag Paswan is the current Member of Parliament from Jamui.

The district is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[3]


Jamui district occupies an area of 3,098 square kilometres (1,196 sq mi),[4] comparatively equivalent to Indonesia's Yamdena Island.[5] The district has untapped reserves of resources including mica, coal, gold and iron ore.Situated along the Bihar-Jharkhand border, Jamui is dotted with hills and the small retreat town of Simultala falls within the Jhajha block, on the main Delhi-Howrah rail line. The town of Gidhaur, situated 17 kilometres (11 mi) away was the seat of kings during the British Raj and many buildings from the period still survive. Minto Tower in Gidhaur is a prime example of architecture from the period.


This section is transcluded from 17th Bihar Assembly. (edit | history)

No. Constituency Name Party Alliance Remarks
240 Sikandra Prafull Kumar Manjhi Hindustani Awam Morcha MGB
241 Jamui Shreyasi Singh Bharatiya Janata Party NDA
242 Jhajha Damodar Rawat Janata Dal (United) MGB
243 Chakai Sumit Kumar Singh Independent MGB


Main article: Lachhuar Jain temple

Lachhuar Jain Mandir
Lachhuar Jain Mandir

Jain Mandir Lachhuar: This is a large and old rest house (dharmsala) of 65 rooms constructed for the Jain pilgrims. There is a Mandir of Lord Mahavira inside the dhamsala. The idol in this temple is more than 2,600 years old. This black stone idol is of weighs around 250 kg.[6] This is situated on the way of Kshatriya Kund Gram, the birthplace of Lord Mahavira. This place is located in Sikandra Block which is about 20 km west from Jamui District Headquarter.

Jhumraj sthan ,Batiya: there is temple of Baba jhumraj located in Batiya (under Sono police station) which is about almost 50 km from Jamui and 55 km from Deoghar..this is one of the most famous temple and crowded temple in Bihar ..where people gathering for their wish and offering male goat as a oblation. Ujju ULA

Giddheswar Temple: Temple of lord Shiva situated on the top of stone boulders. It is 15 km south from the district headquarter.

Simultalla hill station: This place is supposed to be the Tapo-Bhumi of Sri Ramakrishna Paramhamsa, who founded Tara Math of Devi Bhagvati.

Kali Mandir Malaypur: Temple of goddess Kali is situated at village Malaypur, block Barhat. A festival known as Kali Mela is held every year at this place. The temple is just near by the Railway station, Jamui.

Minto Tower Gidhaur: Minto tower was built by the Maharaja of Gidhaur in 1909 to commemorate the visit of the then British Viceroy Lord Irwin to Gidhaur. It is in the middle of Gidhaur Market on the main Jamui-Jhajha state highway.

Minto Tower Gidhaur
Minto Tower Gidhaur

Patneswar Mandir: This temple of Lord Shiva is situated on the way of Station Road Jamui. It is about 5 km north from the district headquarter Jamui.

Maa netula temple: This is a temple of Maa Netula Situated at village kumar, block sikandra. It is about 26 km west form the district headquarter jamui bihar. Million of devotees come here and pray .

Bhim Bandh: It is located between Lakshmipur and Haveli Kharagpur Jungle. Here the visitors find many source of hot water. This is a picnic spot in winter season from October to February.[citation needed]

Shiv Mandir: It is situated in Harla jury of Lakshmipur block. It is a temple of lord Shiva in Lakshmipur block. It is about 500m southward from Lakshmipur market.

Kali Mandir Lakshmipur: Temple of goddess Kali is situated in Harla jury of Lakshmipur block. A temple of goddess Kali in this block. It is about 600m southward from Lakshmipur main market.

Khaira Fort: This fort was built by Khaira-Jamui Chandel rulers. Another fort of Chandel rulers of Gidhor-Jamui was built at Gidhaur.Both Chandel dynasty was related to each other and split during period of Emperor Jahagir, Mughal Rulers of Delhi. Chandela Rulers of Jamui came originally from Mahoba, Uttar Pradesh in 13th century AD and defeated ruler of later Pala dynasty of the region. By Adv. Shakil Akhtar practice law at Supreme Court of India is a Scion of Mircha State, s part of Khaira-Jamui State of Chandela. Late Rajasthan Pratap Narayan Singh who after conversion to Islam in 19th century came to be known as Abdulla Rehman Khan established Mircha State, the Zamindar/Raja of Mircha State, Jamui. His famous grandson was Late Prof Akhtar Alam Khan of K.K.M College Jamui & father of Adv. Shakil Akhtar.Mobile No.9717214471.


In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Jamui one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[7] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[7]

Administrative units

  1. No. of Police District 1
  2. No. of Sub-Divisions 1
  3. No. of Police Sub-Divisions 2
  4. No. of Blocks 10
  5. No. of Circles 10
  6. No. of Police Stations 12
  7. No. of Panchayats 153
  8. No. of Villages 1,528[8]


Subdivision Block No. Of Panchayat No. of Villages
Jamui Jamui 12 081
Khaira 22 120
Sikandra 14 068
Islamnagar Aliganj 13 069
Laxmipur 13 082
Gidhaur 08 020
Barhat 09 043
Sono 19 250
Chakai 23 600
Jhajha 20 197
Total 153 1530



Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
Religions in Jamui district (2011)[11]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated

According to the 2011 census Jamui district has a population of 1,760,405,[12] roughly equal to the nation of The Gambia[13] or the US state of Nebraska.[14] This gives it a ranking of 273rd in India (out of a total of 640).[12] The district has a population density of 567 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,470/sq mi) .[12] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 25.54%.[12] Jamui has a sex ratio of 921 females for every 1000 males,[12] and a literacy rate of 62.16%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 17.19% and 4.48% of the population respectively.[12]

Languages in Jamui district (2011)[15]

  Hindi (73.37%)
  Maithili (7.02%)
  Urdu (6.81%)
  Khortha (5.94%)
  Santali (3.66%)
  Magahi (3.06%)
  Others (0.14%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 73.37% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 6.81% Urdu, 5.94% Khortha, 3.66% Santali and 3.06% Magahi as their first language. 7.02% of the population spoke languages recorded as Maithili under Hindi on the census[15]


Main article: Jamui Station

Jamui Railway Station, station code JMU, is one of the major railway stations in Danapur division of East Central Railway. Jamui is connected to metropolitan areas of India, by the Delhi-Kolkata Main Line via Mugalsarai-Patna route which runs along the historic Grand Trunk road.[16][17]

Jamui Station serves the headquarters of Jamui district in the Indian state of Bihar. Railways and roads are the main means of transport in the region. The Jamui railway station is in Howrah-Patna-Mughalsarai main line. Most of the Patna, Barauni bound express trains coming from Howrah, Sealdah, Ranchi, Tatanagar stop here.[18]



Chandrashekhar Singh Sangrahalaya founded on 16 March 1983.Total number of archaeological remains in this museum is 178. Various statues of Lord Vishnu, Lord Buddha, Goddess Uma, Durga, Surya, ancient rocks and terracotta seals etc. are available.[citation needed]

Flora and fauna

In 1987 Jamui district became home to the Nagi Dam Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 7.9 km2 (3.1 sq mi).[19] It is also home to the Nakti Dam Wildlife Sanctuary, which was established in 1987 and has an area of 3.3 km2 (1.3 sq mi).[19]


Jamui District is progressing very fast in the field of Sports and Games.[citation needed] The organizations like Jamui district Amateur Athletics Association, District Football Association, District Women Football Association, District Cricket Association, District Kabaddi Association etc. are actively participating in promotion. of games and sports. The existence of such large number of associations and organizations concerned with such a large variety of sports & games points to the vitality, interest & involvement of the local people in these fields.[original research?] The leadership provided by Lt. Parasnath Bariyar, Tapeshwar Pd. Bariyar, Hoda Sahed, Kamta Pd. Singh, Mr Vicky Kumar, Nathu Ram, Kaushal Kumar Yadav and Kedar Pd. Singh in field of sports and games had raised the position of Jamui to the state level as early as two or three decades ago.[citation needed] And now our jamui is representing National and International level with rifle shooters Shreyasi Singh and Kumar Divya.[citation needed]

Recently,[when?] 1st District Level Athletics Meet, 11th State Level President Cup Football Tournament, Late Shukra Das Cricket Tournament has been organized successfully.[citation needed]

There are two stadiums namely Jamui Stadium, Jamui & Kumar Surendra Pratap Singh Stadium, Gidhaur and one Special Area Game Centre at Gidhaur in the district.


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 August 2011. Retrieved 8 October 2010.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Jamui, District. "History". Welcome to District Portal Jamui. District Administration.
  3. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 11 December 2009. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  4. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. ((cite book)): |last1= has generic name (help)
  5. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Retrieved 11 October 2011. Yamdena 3,100km2
  6. ^[dead link]
  7. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  8. ^ Jamui, District. "Profile". Jamui District Administration. Archived from the original on 11 October 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  9. ^ Details, Block. "Information". Welcome to District Portal Jamui. Jamui District Administration. Archived from the original on 11 October 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  10. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  11. ^ "Population by Religious Community – 2011". Census of India, 2011. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India.
  12. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  13. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Gambia, The 1,797,860 July 2011 est.
  14. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Nebraska 1,826,341
  15. ^ a b 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  16. ^ "About District". Official District website. Archived from the original on 18 August 2011. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
  17. ^ "Jamui". Overview. BrandBihar. Archived from the original on 19 April 2012. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
  18. ^ "Violation of rly rules led to Jamui mishap". The Times of India. 19 August 2001. Archived from the original on 1 December 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
  19. ^ a b Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Bihar". Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.

Coordinates: 24°55′12″N 86°13′12″E / 24.9200°N 86.2200°E / 24.9200; 86.2200