|Minister for Water Resources|
June 1996 – May 1997
|Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha|
|Succeeded by||Vishwanath Pratap Singh|
|Preceded by||Vishwanath Pratap Singh|
|Succeeded by||Saroj Dubey|
|Born||5 August 1933|
Ballia, United Provinces, British India
|Died||22 January 2010 (aged 76)|
Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
|Political party||Samajwadi Party|
Janeshwar Mishra (5 August 1933 – 22 January 2010) was a politician from Samajwadi Party. He was a member of the Parliament of India and also represented Uttar Pradesh in the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian Parliament. He was known as Chhote Lohia (Lohia Junior) for his commitment towards socialist ideology. This is in reference to Ram Manohar Lohia
He was born in middle class Bhumihar Brahman family in Shubhanathahin (शुभनथहीं ) village in Ballia on 5 August 1933. He was B.A. and LL.B. He was president of the student union of Purna nand Inter College and attended Allahabad University as well. While still a student, he joined the Samajwadi Yuvajan Sabha and met Dr Ram Manohar Lohia and Raj Narain. His father name was Sri Ranjeet Mishra and wife Smt Gangotri Devi He had two daughters Smt Shanti Mishra married to R.B.Mishra and Smt Meena Tiwari married to C S. Tiwari.
He represented the Allahabad Lok Sabha constituency three times. He first became the member of Lok Sabha by defeating K D Malviya, the sitting Petroleum Minister in Indira Gandhi Cabinet from Phulpur constituency in Allahabad district in 1969–70. Subsequently, he defeated V.P.Singh by almost 90,000 votes from Allahabad-Jamunapaar parliamentary constituency in 1977 elections. He served as a Member of Sixth Lok Sabha, 1977–80, and as Member of Ninth Lok Sabha, 1989–91.
He served in the governments of Morarji Desai, Chaudhary Charan Singh, V P Singh, Chandrashekhar, H D Deve Gowda and I K Gujral. He served as union minister of state from 1977. He also held portfolios of Petroleum, Water Resources Chemicals and Fertilisers, Energy, Shipping and Transport, and Communication and Railways. He served as the minister of state for Railways in the Chandra Shekhar government during 1990–91. He was Railways Minister in the Chandra Shekhar government in 1990–91.
He was elected to Rajya Sabha in 1996. He was re-elected to Rajya Sabha in 2000  and 2006.
He died due to cardiac arrest on 22 January 2010 at Tej Bahadur Sapru Hospital in Allahabad. At the time of death, he was the Samajwadi Party's vice president and member of the Rajya Sabha. He is survived by two daughters.
Former Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Akhilesh Yadav credits Janeshwar Mishra with initiating him into politics.