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Jangaon
Town & District Headquarters
Jangaon is located in Telangana
Jangaon
Jangaon
Location in Telangana, India
Coordinates: 17°43′N 79°11′E / 17.72°N 79.18°E / 17.72; 79.18Coordinates: 17°43′N 79°11′E / 17.72°N 79.18°E / 17.72; 79.18
CountryIndia
StateTelangana
DistrictJangaon district
Government
 • TypeMunicipal council
 • BodyJangaon Municipality
 • MLAMuthireddy Yadagiri Reddy
 • Member of Parliamentkomati Reddy Venkat Reddy
 • Municipal ChairmanPokala Jamuna
Area
 • Total17.49 km2 (6.75 sq mi)
Elevation
382 m (1,253 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total52,394
 • Density3,000/km2 (7,800/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
506 167
Telephone code91–8716
Vehicle registrationTS-27
Websitejangaon.telangana.gov.in

Jangaon is a town and the district headquarters of Jangaon district in the Indian state of Telangana.[2] It is also the mandal and divisional headquarters of Jangaon Mandal and Jangaon revenue division respectively.[3] It is about 85 kilometres (53 mi) from the state capital Hyderabad.[4] It lies on the National Highway 163[5]

Geography

Jangaon is located on the eastern Deccan plateau and has an average elevation of 382 metres (1,253 ft).[6]

Etymology

The name Jangaon evolved from "jain gaon", which means "village of Jains", a religion of India.[7] Kolanpak (kulpak) in the Nalgonda district, which is about 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Jangaon, is a famous pilgrimage centre for Jain people and it has much historical background.[8]

History

Jangaon is an important Jain Heritage site of Telangana state
Jangaon is an important Jain Heritage site of Telangana state
Jangaon in Bhongir Circar 1854
Jangaon in Bhongir Circar 1854
Jangaon Taluk 1951 in Nalgonda District
Jangaon Taluk 1951 in Nalgonda District
Jangaon Taluk 1961 in Warangal District
Jangaon Taluk 1961 in Warangal District
Jangaon Taluk with Circles 1951
Jangaon Taluk with Circles 1951
1979 Jangaon Taluk Split in 3 Taluks Cherial, Kodakandla & Jangaon
1979 Jangaon Taluk Split in 3 Taluks Cherial, Kodakandla & Jangaon

Jain Thirthankara sculptures that were found in the excavations near the town revealed the existence of Jainism in the Megalithic age.[9]

Jangaon was the second capital region of the Kalyani Chalukyas in the 11th century. One of the most acclaimed Telugu poets of all time Bammera Pothana was born in the village of Bammera in Jangoan in 1450 AD. After the demise of the Nayaks 50-years rule, this region came under the Kakatiya dynasty from 1195 to 1323, before being annexed to the Delhi Sultanate under Tughlaq rule. The region was part of the Bahmani Sultanate and then the Sultanate of Golconda Qutb Shahi dynasty in 1512. The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb conquered Golconda in 1687 and it remained part of the Mughal empire. Qamar-ud-din Khan Asaf Jah I declared sovereignty in 1724 and established the Asaf Jahi Dynasty.

In 1854 the Jangaon area was under the administrative region of Bhonagheer Circars.[10] Jangaon is mentioned as Zungaon in an 1854 map. In 1866 new districts were created; all Circars were delimited and merged. Bhonagheer, Davercondah and Nelgoondah Circars merged to form Nalgonda District but the Jangaon area was transferred from Bhongir Circar to Warangal District in 1866, Cherial was renamed Taluka by adding some parts of Wardannapet region, with its headquarters at Jangaon.[11]

In 1905 the Princely state of Hyderabad was sub-divided into four divisions; Aurangabad Division, Gulbarga Division, Gulshanabad Division and Warangal Division.[12][11] Districts were delimited in 1905; Jangaon (Cherial), Taluka and Kodar (Kodad). Taluka was transferred to Nalgonda District from Warangal district. Hyderabad State was annexed to the Dominion of India by operation polo in 1948, and became an Indian state. In 1948 Jangaon taluka was part of Nalgonda district in Gulshanabad Division of Hyderabad State.

In 1953, there was a shuffling of areas, shifting some villages from one taluka to the other. Subsequently, when Warangal district was divided to facilitate administrative control and on 1 October 1953, Khammam district was formed.[12] Khammam, Yellandu, Madhira, Burugunpahad and Palavancha talukas have been made part of it. Warangal, Mulugu, Mahabubabad, Pakala (Narsampet) remained in Warangal district. But again Parkaala from Karimnagar district and Jangaon taluka from Nalgonda district have become part of Warangal district living back Nalgonda, Miryalguda, Deverkonda, Bhongir, Ramannapet, Suryapet, and Huzurnagar to Nalgonda district. After these changes in 1953, few villages of Jangaon taluka went to Medak district and some remained in Nalgonda district.

During the reign of Marri Chenna Reddy in 1979, Jangaon taluka was split into Cherial, Kodakandla and Jangaon talukas, at that time Jangaon taluk consist of 7 Circles namely Jangaon, Cherial, Rebarthi, Narmetta, Ippaguda, Chennur and Kodakondla Cirles. In 1985, when N. T. Rama Rao introduced the mandal system, Jangaon taluka was further divided in to Jangaon Mandal, Raghunathpalle, Lingalaghanpur and Devaruppula mandals.[13]

On 11 October 2016 Jangaon was made the district headquarters, along with 21 newly formed districts in Telangana. Warangal district was divided into five district: Warangal Urban district (now Hanamkonda district), Warangal Rural district (now Warangal district), Jangaon district, Jayashankar district and Mahabubabad district. Jangaon district was formed mostly from the old Jangaon Revenue division, with the exception of Maddur, Cherial and Komuravelli mandals, which were transferred to newly formed Siddipet district, Ghanpur and Zaffergadh from Warangal Revenue division and Gundala of Nalgonda district were merged with Jangaon district.[14]

Demographics

Religions in Jangaon Town[15]
Religion Percent
Hindu
86.06%
Muslim
11.55%
Christians
1.83%
Others†
0.66%
Includes Sikhs, Buddhist and 0.27% of population with no religion stated

Population By Mother Tongue in Jangaon Town[16]

  Telugu (86.%)
  Urdu (11.5%)
  Hindi (1.6%)
  Marathi (0.3%)
  Punjabi (0.2%)
  Others (0.4%)
Jangaon Town population 
CensusPopulation
19011,696
19113,537108.5%
19214,15817.6%
19318,07894.3%
19417,036−12.9%
195111,25960.0%
196111,9275.9%
197116,86641.4%
198125,11248.9%
199134,30536.6%
200143,99628.2%
201152,39419.1%
Sources:[17]

The 1951 Hydearabad State Census report shows Jangaon taluka was the most populated taluka of Nalgonda district with a total population of 2,91,165 with an area of 1,403.9 square kilometres (542.0 sq mi) with more than 200 inhabited towns and villages. Aler, Cheriyal, and Kolanpak were under Jangaon taluka before they were transferred to other districts.

As of 2011, the census of India, the city had a population of 52,394 with 12,276 households. The total population consists of 26,764 males and 25,630 females—a sex ratio of 958 females per 1,000 males. 5,123 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 7,347 are boys and 6,993 are girls—a ratio of 952 per 1,000. The average literacy rate was 82.39% with 38,948 literates.[1]

Religion

86.08% of the population were Hindu and (11.55%) were Muslim. Other religious minorities included Christians (1.83%), Sikhs (0.23%), Buddhists (0.02%) and those of no stated religion (0.27%).[15]

Language

Speaker based on Mother Tongue in Jangaon Town are 86% Telugu, 11.5 Urdu, 0.3 Marathi, 0.2 Punjabi, 0.4 other Languages.[16]

Climate

Jangaon experiences a tropical climate. According to the Geological survey, the area is drought-prone and experiences very hot summers, moderate winters and less than the average precipitation.[18]

The climate in Jangaon is referred to as a local steppe climate.[18] There is little annual rainfall; the climate here is classified as BSh by the Köppen-Geiger system. The average annual temperature is 27.3 °C (81.1 °F). The average annual rainfall is 788 millimetres (31.0 in).

The least amount of rainfall occurs in January; the average in this month is 1 millimetre (0.039 in). July is the wettest month with an average of 183 millimetres (7.2 in). The temperatures are highest on average in May at around 33.9 °C (93.0 °F).[18] In December, the average temperature is 22.0 °C (71.6 °F); the lowest monthly average temperature of the year. The variation in precipitation between the driest and wettest months is 182 millimetres (7.2 in). The average temperatures vary during the year by 11.9 °C (53.4 °F).[18]

Climate data for Jangaon Town
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.7
(85.5)
32.4
(90.3)
36.0
(96.8)
38.4
(101.1)
40.4
(104.7)
35.9
(96.6)
31.1
(88.0)
30.8
(87.4)
31.0
(87.8)
31.4
(88.5)
29.6
(85.3)
28.8
(83.8)
33.0
(91.3)
Average low °C (°F) 16.3
(61.3)
18.6
(65.5)
21.7
(71.1)
25.0
(77.0)
27.5
(81.5)
25.8
(78.4)
23.7
(74.7)
23.6
(74.5)
23.2
(73.8)
21.4
(70.5)
17.6
(63.7)
15.2
(59.4)
21.6
(71.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1
(0.0)
2
(0.1)
5
(0.2)
21
(0.8)
17
(0.7)
119
(4.7)
183
(7.2)
167
(6.6)
168
(6.6)
78
(3.1)
21
(0.8)
8
(0.3)
790
(31.1)
Source: [18]

Governance

Jangaon New Integrated Collectorate Office
Jangaon New Integrated Collectorate Office

Civic administration

Jangaon Municipality is the civic body that oversees the civic needs of the town. It was constituted in 1953 as a third grade municipality. It was upgraded to second grade in the year 2010 with 28 municipal wards. The jurisdiction of the civic body is spread over 17.49 km2 (6.75 sq mi).[4][19]

Law and order

The West Zone Deputy Commissioner of Police Warangal is responsible for maintaining law and order in the town and district areas. Jangaon has Senior Civil Judge's Court, and Prl. Junior Civil Judge's Court for maintaining law and order.[citation needed]

Healthcare

The 100-bed Government Area Hospital Jangaon is the largest hospital in the town.[20] A new Medical college was sanctioned to the Jangaon District and will be upgrading the existing hospital in the district by the state government and admissions will be started from 2023.[21][22]

Culture

Street of Jangaon
Street of Jangaon

Kolanupaka temple, a religious destination for the Jains.[9]

The Champak Hills are located 6 km (3.7 mi) away from the town.[23]

Jeedikalllu Sri Ramachandra Swamy Devasthanam is a famous Temple that predates Bhadrachalam temple.[24] Jeedikalllu village is located about 15 km southerly to the district centre, Jangaon.[25]

Nearest Cities

West (NH163)

South (NH365B)

East (NH163)

North (NH365B)

Transport

Public transport

The TSRTC has a bus depot in the town and provides public transport.[26]

Roadways

NH 163 showing Jangaon sign
NH 163 showing Jangaon sign

Jangaon has road and rail connectivity.[27] The town has a total road length of 124.75 km (77.52 mi), of which 73.50 km (45.67 mi) is cement or concrete roads, 15.25 km (9.48 mi) is bitumen roads and 36.00 km (22.37 mi) is water-bound macadam road.[28] National Highway 163, connecting Hyderabad and Bhopalpatnam Road, passes through the town.[29] A new national highway NH 365B connects Jangaon with different district headquarters of the state Suryapet-Jangaon-Siddipet-Siricilla.[30]

Railway

Hyderabad Suburban train, Falaknuma - Jangaon
Hyderabad Suburban train, Falaknuma - Jangaon
Jangaon Railway Station
Jangaon Railway Station

Jangaon railway station provides rail connectivity to the town and is under the jurisdiction of the Secunderabad railway division of South Central Railway zone.[31] It was constructed by Nizam's Guaranteed State Railway in 1879. This railway line connects Hyderabad with Warangal, and was later extended to Bezawada.[32] Falaknuma–Jangaon MEMU is a suburban train that connects the town with the state capital.[33]

Education

The town has 38,948 literates; 21,722 males, 17,226 females and a literacy rate of 82.39%.[1] The primary and secondary school education is run by government and private schools under the School Education Department of the state, assisted by State Institute of Educational Technology.[34] The municipal limits of the town has a total of 14 government and 38 private schools.[28]

The Higher Education Department of the state oversees the undergraduate and postgraduate education.[35] The town has four government and fifteen private run colleges.[28] This includes TSSW Boys Residential Junior College, a social welfare college; 5 private unaided colleges and a co-operative junior college.[36] There exists one residential college under TSRJC, ten privately aided colleges, and two co-operative colleges.[36] A.B.V.Government Degree College is an autonomous college that is affiliated with Kakatiya University and approved under the Universities Grant Commission scheme.[37]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "District Census Handbook – Warangal" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 14, 54–55. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  2. ^ "Jangaon district" (PDF). Official website of Jangaon district. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
  3. ^ "Maps – THE OFFICIAL WEBSITE OF JANGAON DISTRICT". jangaon.telangana.gov.in. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Basic Information of Municipality | Jangaon Municipality". jangaonmunicipality.in. Archived from the original on 6 April 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  5. ^ "OpenStreetMap | Relation: National Highway 163 (3249370)". OpenStreetMap. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  6. ^ "floodmap=".
  7. ^ "33 Districts of Telangana". www.telanganatourism.gov.in. Retrieved 25 December 2021.
  8. ^ "Sculptures of Jain Tirthankaras found near Jangaon". www.thehansindia.com. 14 December 2016. Retrieved 25 December 2021.
  9. ^ a b "Jain sculptures of Vedic times found in Telangana". Deccan Chronicle. 18 December 2016. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  10. ^ "1854 Pharoah and Company Map of the Hyderabad, Sangareddy and Nalgonda Districts of Telangana, India".
  11. ^ a b Yazdani, Ghulam (1937). "Hyderabad State". Atlantic Publishers & Distri – via Google Books.
  12. ^ a b "Know Your Corporation".
  13. ^ Bhatt, Shankarlal C. (2005). Land and people of Indian states and union territories : (In 36 volumes). 2. Andhra Pradesh. ISBN 9788178353586.
  14. ^ "New districts". Andhra Jyothy.com. 8 October 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  15. ^ a b "Jangaon Town Population Census 2011 – Andhra Pradesh".
  16. ^ a b "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue". census.gov.in. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  17. ^ Gopi, K.N (1978). Process of urban fringe development: A model. Concept Publishing Company. p. 25. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
  18. ^ a b c d e "Jangaon climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Jangaon weather averages - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved 25 December 2021.
  19. ^ "Urban Local Body Information" (PDF). Directorate of Town and Country Planning. Government of Telangana. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 June 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
  20. ^ "Jangaon district" (PDF). Official website of Jangaon district. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
  21. ^ "Medical College to Jangaon District". The Hans India.
  22. ^ "Admissions into 8 new medical colleges from next year: Harish". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 14 March 2022. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 25 April 2022.((cite news)): CS1 maint: others (link)
  23. ^ "Life Hyderabad : Perfect setting". The Hindu. 16 September 2004. Retrieved 6 April 2017.[dead link]
  24. ^ Mahender, Adepu (16 April 2016). "A Rama temple older than Bhadrachalam shrine". www.thehansindia.com. Retrieved 25 December 2021.
  25. ^ "Jeedikal | JANGAON DISTRICT | India". Retrieved 25 December 2021.
  26. ^ "Depots". www.tsrtc.telangana.gov.in. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  27. ^ "Town map | Jangaon Municipality". jangaonmunicipality.in. Archived from the original on 7 July 2017. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  28. ^ a b c "Public services/amenities | Jangaon Municipality". jangaonmunicipality.in. Archived from the original on 13 April 2017. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  29. ^ "National Highways in Telangana state". Roads and Buildings Department - Government of Roads. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  30. ^ "NH plan hits roadblocks in Telangana". The Hans India. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  31. ^ "Jurisdiction map of Secunderabad Division". South Central Railway. Retrieved 6 April 2017.
  32. ^ "He was way ahead of his time". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  33. ^ Mishra, Shiv Kumar. "67278/Jangaon Falaknuma MEMU - Jangaon/ZN to Falaknuma/FM SCR/South Central Zone - Railway Enquiry". indiarailinfo.com. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  34. ^ "Telangana State Portal School Education (SE Wing)". www.telangana.gov.in. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  35. ^ "Telangana State Portal Higher Education". www.telangana.gov.in. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  36. ^ a b "List of colleges in Guntur district" (PDF). Board of Intermediate Education. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  37. ^ "Autonomous colleges list" (PDF). Universities Grants Commission. p. 44. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 October 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2017.