Historical Region of North India
Jangal Desh
Location northern Rajasthan

Jangladesh, also known as Jangal Pradesh, was a historical region in north, north-western and north-eastern Rajasthan state in northern India.[1] It included the present-day districts of Bikaner, Churu, Ganganagar, and Hanumangarh. It was bounded on the south by Marwar and Jaisalmer regions, on the east by Ajmer-Merwara region.[2]


The north-eastern and north-western Rajasthan, known by the name Jangladesh in ancient times,[3] was inhabited by Jat clans ruled by their own chiefs and largely governed by their own customary law.[4][clarification needed]

Most of Jat clans in Rajasthan had to accept Rathore suzerainty due to Rao Bika's invasion of Jangladesh. Bika led an army of 300 Rajput warriors and subjugated all of the Jat clans of northern Rajasthan. Bika also saved the Jats from the Bhati Rajputs and acted as their buffer. The Godara Jats and Charans were loyal supporters of Bika.[5][2]

See also


  1. ^ "Bikaner". Archived from the original on 19 August 2007. Retrieved 8 September 2007.
  2. ^ a b Jibraeil: "Position of Jaats in Churu Region", The Gurjaras - Vol. II, Ed Dr Vir Singh, Delhi, 2006, p. 223
  3. ^ Jibraeil: "Position of Jats in Churu Region", The Jats – Vol. II, Ed Dr Vir Singh, Delhi, 2006, p. 221–223
  4. ^ Dashrath Sharma, Rajasthan through the ages, Jodhpur, 1966, Vol.I, p. 287–288
  5. ^ Kothiyal, Tanuja (2016). Nomadic Narratives: A History of Mobility and Identity in the Great Indian. Cambridge University Press. p. 78. ISBN 9781107080317. Retrieved 17 September 2020.