Japan Exchange Group, Inc.
Native name
株式会社日本取引所グループ
Kabushiki gaisha Nippon Torihikijo Gurūpu
FormerlyOsaka Securities Exchange Co., Ltd. (1949–2013)
Company typePublic KK
TYO: 8697
IndustryFinancial services
Predecessors
Founded
  • De jure on 1 April 1949; 75 years ago (1949-04-01) as Osaka Securities Exchange Co., Ltd.
  • De facto on 1 April 2013; 11 years ago (2013-04-01) as Japan Exchange Group, Inc.
Headquarters
Area served
Japan
Key people
Akira Kiyota, President & CEO
Services
Number of employees
1,223 (2022)
Subsidiaries
Websitejpx.co.jp/
Footnotes / references
[1]

Japan Exchange Group, Inc. (株式会社日本取引所グループ, Kabushiki-gaisha Nippon Torihikijo Gurūpu, Corporate Number: 9120001098575),[2] abbreviated as JPX or Nippon Torihikijo, is a Japanese "financial instruments exchange holding company"[3] subject to the regulations of the Financial Instruments and Exchange Act enforced by the Financial Services Agency.

The exchange group was formed by the merger of Tokyo Stock Exchange (TSE) and Osaka Stock Exchange (OSE) on January 1, 2013. As a result of this merger and market reorganization, TSE became the sole securities exchange of JPX and OSE became the largest derivatives exchange of JPX.

JPX owns three licensed "financial instruments exchange" corporations: Tokyo Stock Exchange, Inc.,[4] Osaka Exchange, Inc.,[5] and Tokyo Commodity Exchange, Inc. (TOCOM).[6] It also has an IT services and research arm, JPX Market Innovation & Research, Inc. (JPXI),[7] a self-regulatory body, Japan Exchange Regulation (JPX-R),[8] and a central clearing counterparty, Japan Securities Clearing Corporation (JSSC).[9]

As of June 2021, JPX is the world's fifth-largest stock exchange operator, behind NYSE, NASDAQ, SSE, and HKSE.[10]

History

JPX Osaka head office and Osaka IPO center (Osaka Securities Exchange Building)

The roots of JPX trace back to November 22, 2011, when TSE and OSE decided to merge into one, as a solution to slowing market conditions in Japan.[11] The merger was subsequently approved on July 5, 2012 when the Japan Fair Trade Commission approved the TSE-OSE merger, paving the way for the formation of JPX.[12] On January 1, 2013, JPX was launched.[13] The remainder of the merger was realized through a series of changes:

In December 2014, JPX concluded a Letter of Interest (LOI) with Singapore Exchange.[13] In the same month, JPX signed a joint venture agreement with Daiwa Institute of Research Ltd., the research arm of Daiwa Securities Group, and Myanma Economic Bank to establish Yangon Stock Exchange.[13]

In May 2015, TSE and OSE opened a joint branch office in Singapore.[13]

On October 1, 2019, JPX acquired Tokyo Commodity Exchange, Inc. (TOCOM), to expand its derivatives trading business in the commodity market. In turn, TOCOM became a wholly owned subsidiary of the Group.[13]

On November 25, 2021, JPX launched a new subsidiary, JPX Market Innovation & Research, Inc. (JPXI), which would provide financial market data and index services and system-related services to financial data vendors.[14]

On April 1, 2022, in order to strengthen business activities in the Kansai region, JPX established Osaka Head Office and Osaka IPO Center in the Osaka Securities Exchange Building at Kitahama, Osaka.[15][16] The Osaka site would take over the entire operations of JPX in the event of a wide-ranging disaster in the National Capital Region.[16] TSE and OSE transferred and integrated their data and digital businesses into JPXI.[17] TSE also merged its IT services arm, Tosho System Service Co., Ltd. (TSS), into JPXI, which would inherit the rights and obligations of all business carried out by TSS, such as system development, operations, consulting, and telecommunication services.[17]

In July 2023, JPX launched a new stock market index, the JPX Prime 150 Index [ja], to track the performance of the Japanese blue chips.[18] Subsequently, on March 18, 2024, Nomura Asset Management listed an exchange-traded fund (ETF) for the index on TSE,[19] the same day that index futures contract was launched on OSE.[20]

Senior leadership

The JPX has been led by a President & CEO (combined in one role) since its formation in 2013.

List of Presidents and CEOs

Subsidiaries

JPX is a corporate group formed by the holding company, Japan Exchange Group, Inc., and its subsidiaries:[3]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Japan Exchange Group, Inc. 2022, p. 88.
  2. ^ "株式会社日本取引所グループの情報". National Tax Agency Corporate Number Publication Site.
  3. ^ a b "Company Profile | Japan Exchange Group". Japan Exchange Group. Retrieved 2022-08-23.
  4. ^ "Company Profile | Tokyo Stock Exchange". Japan Exchange Group. Retrieved 2022-08-23.
  5. ^ "Company Profile | Osaka Exchange". Japan Exchange Group. Retrieved 2022-08-23.
  6. ^ "Company Profile | Tokyo Commodity Exchange". Japan Exchange Group. Retrieved 2022-08-23.
  7. ^ "Company Profile | JPX Market Innovation & Research". Japan Exchange Group. Retrieved 2022-08-21.
  8. ^ "Company Profile | Japan Exchange Regulation". Japan Exchange Group. Retrieved 2022-01-28.
  9. ^ "Company Profile | Japan Securities Clearing Corporation". www.jpx.co.jp. Retrieved 2022-01-28.
  10. ^ "Largest stock exchange operators worldwide as of June 2021, by market capitalization of listed companies (in trillion U.S. dollars)". Statista.
  11. ^ "Tokyo and Osaka stock exchanges to merge". BBC News. November 22, 2011. Retrieved May 10, 2013.
  12. ^ "Japan approves merger of Tokyo and Osaka exchanges". BBC News. July 5, 2012. Archived from the original on 2013-04-19. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "History | Japan Exchange Group". Japan Exchange Group. Retrieved 2022-01-28.
  14. ^ "Establishment of New Subsidiary" (PDF). Japan Exchange Group, Inc. 2021-11-25. Retrieved 2022-09-15.
  15. ^ "Access | Osaka Office". Japan Exchange Group. Retrieved 2022-08-21.
  16. ^ a b "Establishment of Japan Exchange Group, Inc. Osaka Head Office". Japan Exchange Group. Retrieved 2022-08-21.
  17. ^ a b "Restructuring of Subsidiaries for Launch of JPX Market Innovation & Research, Inc. Operations" (PDF). Japan Exchange Group, Inc. 2022-02-22. Retrieved 2022-08-21.
  18. ^ "Japan launches Prime 150 stocks benchmark to help investors identify value". CNBC. 3 July 2023.
  19. ^ "Nomura to Launch New ETF Designed to Track Performance of JPX Prime 150 Index on TSE". Nomura.
  20. ^ "Osaka Exchange Launches JPX Prime 150 Index Futures". Japan Exchange Group.
  21. ^ "Japan Exchange chief executive to retire". 8 April 2015.
  22. ^ a b "JPX taps TSE President Hiromi Yamaji as new CEO". 16 December 2022.

Sources

Further reading