|Active||1795 – present|
|Country|| British India (1795–1947)|
|Branch|| British Indian Army (1795–1947)|
Indian Army (1947–present)
|Regimental Centre||Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh|
|Motto(s)||Sangathan Va Veerta (Unity And Valour)|
|War Cry||Jat Balwan, Jai Bhagwan (The Jat is powerful, Victory to god!)|
|Decorations||2 Victoria cross|
5 Battle honour
8 Maha Vir Chakra
4 Ashoka Chakra
46 Shaurya Chakra
39 Vir Chakra
253 Sena Medal
|Lt Gen B. S. Raju, UYSM, AVSM, YSM|
|Regimental Insignia||The insignia has a bugle indicating the Light Infantry antecedents of two of its battalions.|
The Jat Regiment is an infantry regiment of the Indian Army, of which it is one of the longest-serving and most decorated regiments. The regiment has won 19 battle honours between 1839 and 1947, and post-independence it has won five battle honours, including 2 Victoria Cross, 8 Mahavir Chakra, 8 Kirti Chakra, 34 Shaurya Chakras, 39 Vir Chakras and 170 Sena Medals. During its 200-year service history, the regiment has participated in various actions and operations in India and abroad, including the First and the Second World Wars. Numerous battalions of the Jat Regiment, including the 14th Murray's Jat Lancers, fought in the First World War.
The Regiment claims its origins from the Calcutta Native Militia that was raised in 1795, which later became an infantry battalion of the Bengal Army. The 14th Murray's Jat Lancers was formed in 1857. After 1860, there was a substantial increase in the recruitment of Jats into the British Indian Army. The Class Regiment(The Jats) was initially created in 1897 as infantry units from old battalions of the Bengal Army. In January 1922, at the time of the grouping of the Class Regiments of the Indian Army, the 9th Jat Regiment was formed by merging four active battalions and one training battalion into a single regiment.
The 1st Battalion was raised as the 22nd Bengal Native Infantry in 1803. The 2nd and 3rd Battalions were raised in 1817 and 1823 respectively. All three battalions had distinguished records of service, including the winning of many honours during World War I.
The British had a policy of recruiting the martial Indians from those who had less access to education as they were easier to control, so the British raised regiments of those martial races who were considered politically subservient, intellectually inferior, lacking the initiative or leadership qualities to command large military formations. According to modern historian Jeffrey Greenhunt on military history, "The Martial Race theory had an elegant symmetry. Indians who were intelligent and educated were defined as cowards, while those defined as brave were uneducated and backward". According to Amiya Samanta, the martial race was chosen from people of mercenary spirit (a soldier who fights for any group or country that will pay him/her), as these groups lacked nationalism as a trait.
The battle cry, adopted in 1955, in Hindi, is जाट बलवान, जय भगवान (IAST: Jāt Balwān, Jai Bhagwān) (The Jat is Powerful, Victory Be to God!).
Soldiers of the Jat Regiment are recruited 89% from the Jat community and rest from other castes of North India.
The Jat regiment has 21 regular battalions, 4 Rastriya Rifles battalions and 2 territorial army battalions, as of August 2020.
|Unit||Raising location||Raising date||Remarks|
|Jat Regimental Centre||Calcutta||1795||Erstwhile The Calcutta Native Militia|
|1 Jat (LI)||Fatehgarh||1803||Now converted to 2 Mechanised Infantry Regiment|
|2 Jat||Bombay||29 Oct 1817||former 119th Infantry (The Mooltan Regiment)|
|3 Jat||Dinapur||23 Jun 1823||Former 10th Jats; Battle of Dograi|
|4 Jat||Bareilly||15 Jan 1962||Re-raising; Saviours of Fazilka|
|5 Jat||Varanasi||1 Feb 1941||Phillora Captors|
|6 Jat||Bareilly||1 Feb 1941|
|7 Jat||Bareilly||15 Nov 1962||Re-raising, former 11th Jat|
|8 Jat||Jabalpur||14 Dec 1941|
|9 Jat||Bareilly||1 Jan 1963||Re-raising|
|11 Jat||Bareilly||1 Apr 1964|
|12 Jat||Bareilly||6 Feb 1970|
|14 Jat||Bareilly||1 Oct 1963|
|15 Jat||Bareilly||15 May 1976||Re-raising|
|16 Jat||Bareilly||1 Oct 1964|
|17 Jat||Jabalpur||1 Jun 1966||Kargil|
|18 Jat||Secunderabad||1 Oct 1966|
|19 Jat||Bareilly||1 Aug 1980|
|20 Jat||Bareilly||27 Feb 1985|
|21 Jat||Bareilly||1 Nov 1987|
|22 Jat||Bareilly||1 Dec 2013||Jaguars|
|23 Jat||Bareilly||1 Jul 2016|
|24 Jat||Bareilly||1 Sep 2020|
|5 Rashtriya Rifles||Ranikhet||15 Oct 1990|
|34 Rashtriya Rifles||Bareilly||1 Sep 1994||Bravest of the Brave|
|45 Rashtriya Rifles||Bareilly||1 Aug 2001|
|61 Rashtriya Rifles||Bareilly||30 Jun 2004|
|114 Infantry Battalion (Territorial Army)||Dehradun||1 Oct 1960|
|151 Infantry Battalion (Territorial Army)||Muzaffarpur||18 Jan 2002|
When a unit is decorated for counter-insurgency operations, unit citations are given instead of battle or theatre honours.
After the Battle of Kabul (1842), Governor General Lord Ellenborough had ordered Major General William Nott, who was commanding British-Indian forces, to recover a set of ornate gates known as the Somnath Gates, which had been looted from India by the Afghans and hung at the tomb of Sultan Mahmud II. A whole sepoy regiment, the 43rd Bengal Native Infantry—which later became the 6th Jat Light Infantry after the Indian Rebellion of 1857—was tasked with carrying the gates back to India.
In 1965 India-Pakistan War, 3 soldiers from Jat regiment under Lt Col (now Brig Retd) Desmond Hayde on 1 September and then again on 21–22 September, crossed the Ichhogil Canal and in the Battle of Dograi captured Dograi right up to Batapore-Attocke Awan, advancing towards Lahore.
In the 1999 Kargil War, five of the regiment's battalions took part. The regiment has also contributed battalions to UN missions in Korea and Congo. It was also involved in counter-insurgency operations that have kept the Indian Army busy ever since independence.
Apart from their physique , the martial races were regarded as politically subservient or docile to authority
The Saturday review had made much the same argument a few years earlier in relation to the armies raised by Indian rulers in princely states. They lacked competent leadership and were uneven in quality. Commander in chief Roberts, one of the most enthusiastic proponents of the martial race theory, though poorly of the native troops as a body. Many regarded such troops as childish and simple. The British, claims, David Omissi, believe martial Indians to be stupid. Certainly, the policy of recruiting among those without access to much education gave the British more semblance of control over their recruits.
Dr . Jeffrey Greenhunt has observed that " The Martial Race Theory had an elegant symmetry. Indians who were intelligent and educated were defined as cowards, while those defined as brave were uneducated and backward. Besides their mercenary spirit was primarily due to their lack of nationalism.
It recruits under two broad categories. The first comprises various regiments such as the Jat, Sikh, Garhwal and Kumaon Regiment. These are made up of soldiers with a similar background. For example, the Jat Regiment recruits only Jats, the Garhwal Regiment recruits only Garhwalis and so on.
The Jat Regiment, which draws its manpower primarily from the state of Haryana and its adjoining areas, ...