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Jebel Ali
جبل علي
Community
Port Jebel Ali on 1 May 2007
Port Jebel Ali on 1 May 2007
Coordinates: 25°00′41″N 55°03′40″E / 25.01126°N 55.06116°E / 25.01126; 55.06116Coordinates: 25°00′41″N 55°03′40″E / 25.01126°N 55.06116°E / 25.01126; 55.06116
CountryUnited Arab Emirates
EmirateDubai
CityDubai
Established1977
Area
 • Total47.1 km2 (18.2 sq mi)
Population
2000
 • Total31,634
 • Density670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Community number383-394 (Jebel Ali)
500 (Jebel Ali Village)
511-52 (Jebel Ali Free Zone)
599 (Jebel Ali Industrial)

Jebel Ali (Arabic: جبل علي) is a port town 35 kilometers (22 mi) south-west of Dubai. The Jebel Ali Port is located there. Al Maktoum International Airport has been constructed just outside the port area. Jebel Ali is connected to Dubai via the UAE Exchange (formerly Jebel Ali), Danube (formerly Jebel Ali Industrial) and Energy stations on the Dubai Metro.[citation needed] Among the infrastructure projects built to support the port and town is the world's largest desalination plant, the Jebel Ali Desalination Plant (Phase 2), providing an ample supply of freshwater.[citation needed]

History

Many Arab historians argue that it was named after Ali, who was the cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad while expanding the Islamic Caliphate had stood on one hill and looked towards the sea and perhaps known as well although no such recorded proof has been found. "Jebel" means mountain or hill in Arabic.[1]

In 1968, Overseas AST started construction of Dubai's first Communications Station in the Jebal Ali area, because of the raised ground.[1] It was commissioned in 1970, giving for the first time telecommunication links with the rest of the world. In the 1970s, Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum planned to develop Jebel Ali into an industrial area with its own airport, port, and township.[2]

On 23 September 1983, Gulf Air Flight 771 crashed in Jebel Ali killing all 112 people on board. The cause of the crash was a terrorist bomb that had been planted onboard the aircraft by the Abu Nidal Organization.[3]

Jebel Ali Free Zone

Main article: Jebel Ali Free Zone

In 1985, the Jebel Ali Free Zone (JAFZA) was created: an industrial area surrounding the port. International companies that relocate there enjoy the special privileges of the free zone. These include exemption from corporate tax for 50 years, no personal income tax, no import or re-export duties, no restriction on currency, and easy labor supply and recruitment from authorized companies.[4][5][6][7][8]

Jebel Ali Industrial Area

Jebel Ali Industrial Area (aka Jebel Ali Industrial) is one of Dubai's oldest industrial districts.[9] It is located west of the Port of Jebel Ali, south of Jebel Ali Village, east of Dubai Investments Park, and north of the Jebel Ali Free Zone Extension.[10] There have been a number of industrial fires in the area.[11][12][13]

Jebel Ali Port

Main article: Port of Jebel Ali

Jebel Ali has become the port most frequently visited by ships of the United States Navy outside the United States. Due to the depth of the harbour and size of the port facilities, a Nimitz-class aircraft carrier and several ships of the accompanying strike group can be accommodated pierside. Due to the frequency of these port visits, semi-permanent shore-leave facilities (referred to by US Navy service personnel as "The Sandbox") have been erected adjacent to the carrier berth.[citation needed]

Jebel Ali Village

Main article: Jebel Ali Village

The original Jebel Ali Village (JAV) was constructed in 1977 to provide accommodation to construction contractors' staff involved with the development of Jebel Ali.[2] Jebel Ali Village was effectively a small British-style garden city.[14] It was a project of Sir William Halcrow and Partners and acted as a prototype for further semi-autonomous residential areas in Dubai such as Emirates Hills and The Gardens.[15] Construction for the redevelopment of Jebel Ali village began by 2008. More recently in 2021, it was announced that the previously isolated Jebel Ali Village was to be transformed to make way for luxury villas by Nakheel Properties.[16]

Palm Jebel Ali

Main article: Palm Jebel Ali

Palm Jebel Ali is an artificially made archipelago in Jebel Ali which began construction in October 2002, was originally planned to be completed by mid-2008, and has been on hold since.[17]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Jebel Ali Communication 1960s". Dubai as it used to be. Retrieved 15 January 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Jebel Ali Village 1978". Dubai as it used to be. Retrieved 28 December 2021.
  3. ^ Ranter, Harro. "ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 737-2P6 A4O-BK Mino Jebel Ali". aviation-safety.net. Retrieved 16 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Authorised Manpower Supply Companies". www.dubaitrade.ae. Retrieved 25 January 2022.
  5. ^ "About Us". Jebel Ali Free Zone. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
  6. ^ "JAFZA profit up to Dh1 billion". The National. 16 March 2015. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
  7. ^ "JAFZA (Jebel Ali Free Zone) Business setup". Business Dubai. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
  8. ^ "Business Setup in Jebel Ali Free Zone (JAFZA)". Baiju Masoodu. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
  9. ^ "Jebel Ali Industrial". Meraas. Retrieved 15 January 2022.
  10. ^ "Jebel Ali Industrial Area". Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 14 January 2022.
  11. ^ "Jebel Ali fire: Plastic factory blaze sends smoke billowing across Dubai". The National. UAE. 11 August 2021. Retrieved 15 January 2022.
  12. ^ "Dubai fire crews tackle blaze in industrial oil plant". The National. UAE. 18 October 2021. Retrieved 15 January 2022.
  13. ^ "Dubai fire crews tackle blaze in Jebel Ali industrial area". The National. UAE. 12 January 2022. Retrieved 15 January 2022.
  14. ^ Ramos, Stephen J. (May 2008). "Sinews of Growth: Generative Infrastructural Urbanism in Dubai" (PDF). Policy Brief. Vol. No. 4. UAE: Dubai School of Government. Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  15. ^ Ramos, Stephen J. (2016). Dubai Amplified: The Engineering of a Port Geography. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 978-1317147619.
  16. ^ Debre, Isabel (9 November 2021). "In fast-changing Dubai, once-isolated Jebel Ali village to be razed to make way for luxury villas". The Economic Times. India.
  17. ^ "The Palm Jebel Ali (Palm Islands, Dubai) - Property Development". The Emirates Network. 2007. Archived from the original on 2 December 2018. Retrieved 11 February 2007.