Jefferson County
County courthouse in Louisville
County courthouse in Louisville
Map of Georgia highlighting Jefferson County
Location within the U.S. state of Georgia
Map of the United States highlighting Georgia
Georgia's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 33°03′N 82°25′W / 33.05°N 82.42°W / 33.05; -82.42
Country United States
State Georgia
FoundedFebruary 20, 1796; 226 years ago (1796-02-20)
Named forThomas Jefferson
SeatLouisville
Largest cityWadley
Area
 • Total530 sq mi (1,400 km2)
 • Land526 sq mi (1,360 km2)
 • Water3.2 sq mi (8 km2)  0.6%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
15,430
 • Density32/sq mi (12/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district10th
WebsiteJefferson County, Georgia

Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,930.[1] The county seat is Louisville.[2] The county was created on February 20, 1796, and named for Thomas Jefferson, the main author of the Declaration of Independence who became the third president of the United States.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 530 square miles (1,400 km2), of which 526 square miles (1,360 km2) is land and 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2) (0.6%) is water.[4]

The small northern portion of Jefferson County, defined by a line running from Stapleton southeast and just south of State Route 80, is located in the Brier Creek sub-basin of the Savannah River basin. The entire rest of the county is located in the Upper Ogeechee River sub-basin of the Ogeechee River basin.[5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18005,684
18106,1117.5%
18207,05615.5%
18307,3093.6%
18407,254−0.8%
18509,13125.9%
186010,21911.9%
187012,19019.3%
188015,67128.6%
189017,2139.8%
190018,2125.8%
191021,37917.4%
192022,6025.7%
193020,727−8.3%
194020,040−3.3%
195018,855−5.9%
196017,468−7.4%
197017,174−1.7%
198018,4037.2%
199017,408−5.4%
200017,266−0.8%
201016,930−1.9%
2018 (est.)15,430[6]−8.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

2020 census

Jefferson County racial composition[11]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 6,834 43.5%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 7,970 50.74%
Native American 21 0.13%
Asian 70 0.45%
Other/Mixed 352 2.24%
Hispanic or Latino 462 2.94%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 15,709 people, 5,664 households, and 3,598 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,930 people, 6,241 households, and 4,407 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 32.2 inhabitants per square mile (12.4/km2). There were 7,298 housing units at an average density of 13.9 per square mile (5.4/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 54.4% black or African American, 42.6% white, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 1.6% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.1% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, and 26.7% were American.[14]

Of the 6,241 households, 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 23.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.4% were non-families, and 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.16. The median age was 38.8 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $29,268 and the median income for a family was $36,980. Males had a median income of $36,284 versus $27,191 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,165. About 19.0% of families and 26.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.7% of those under age 18 and 24.8% of those age 65 or over.[15]


Education

Main article: Louisville, Georgia § Education

Communities

Cities

Towns

Politics

United States presidential election results for Jefferson County, Georgia[16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,537 46.30% 4,058 53.12% 44 0.58%
2016 3,063 43.96% 3,821 54.84% 84 1.21%
2012 2,999 41.08% 4,261 58.36% 41 0.56%
2008 3,061 42.31% 4,149 57.35% 25 0.35%
2004 3,066 46.89% 3,447 52.71% 26 0.40%
2000 2,559 45.98% 2,973 53.41% 34 0.61%
1996 2,077 35.86% 3,404 58.77% 311 5.37%
1992 2,077 34.68% 3,220 53.77% 692 11.55%
1988 2,788 54.13% 2,346 45.54% 17 0.33%
1984 2,999 51.57% 2,816 48.43% 0 0.00%
1980 1,605 32.24% 3,305 66.39% 68 1.37%
1976 1,309 29.59% 3,115 70.41% 0 0.00%
1972 2,777 70.11% 1,184 29.89% 0 0.00%
1968 1,227 23.51% 1,901 36.43% 2,090 40.05%
1964 2,950 70.15% 1,253 29.80% 2 0.05%
1960 986 43.71% 1,270 56.29% 0 0.00%
1956 512 27.48% 1,351 72.52% 0 0.00%
1952 744 33.51% 1,476 66.49% 0 0.00%
1948 137 7.98% 544 31.70% 1,035 60.31%
1944 274 20.80% 1,043 79.20% 0 0.00%
1940 171 13.72% 1,068 85.71% 7 0.56%
1936 168 11.85% 1,238 87.31% 12 0.85%
1932 65 4.23% 1,454 94.66% 17 1.11%
1928 1,057 56.98% 798 43.02% 0 0.00%
1924 103 15.10% 502 73.61% 77 11.29%
1920 82 8.92% 837 91.08% 0 0.00%
1916 145 18.22% 588 73.87% 63 7.91%
1912 415 30.54% 899 66.15% 45 3.31%


See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 168.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. Retrieved November 20, 2015.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 31, 2019.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 30, 2015.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 20, 2018.

Coordinates: 33°03′N 82°25′W / 33.05°N 82.42°W / 33.05; -82.42