This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages) The neutrality of this article is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. (August 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) This article may need to be rewritten to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards. You can help. The talk page may contain suggestions. (August 2021) This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. You can assist by editing it. (August 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) This article contains too many or overly lengthy quotations for an encyclopedic entry. Please help improve the article by presenting facts as a neutrally worded summary with appropriate citations. Consider transferring direct quotations to Wikiquote or, for entire works, to Wikisource. (August 2021) This article's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. See Wikipedia's guide to writing better articles for suggestions. (August 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) This article's text uses more words than are necessary. Please help improve this article by using fewer words whilst keeping the content of the article. (August 2021) This article may be too long to read and navigate comfortably. Please consider splitting content into sub-articles, condensing it, or adding subheadings. Please discuss this issue on the article's talk page. (August 2021) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Jeffrey Lee Pierce
Pierce, performing with The Gun Club in 1985.
Background information
Born(1958-06-27)June 27, 1958
Montebello, California, U.S.
DiedMarch 31, 1996(1996-03-31) (aged 37)
Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.[1][2]
Instrumentsguitar
Associated actsThe Gun Club

Jeffrey Lee Pierce (June 27, 1958 – March 31, 1996) was an American singer, songwriter, guitarist and author. He was one of the founding members of the band The Gun Club but also released material as a solo artist.

Biography

Childhood

Pierce was born on June 27th, 1958, in Montebello, California. As a teenager, Pierce moved from El Monte, a working-class industrial suburb east of Los Angeles, to Granada Hills, at the time a white working- and middle-class suburb in the San Fernando Valley. Pierce attended Granada Hills High School, where he participated in the drama program, acting in plays and writing several of his own brief experimental theater pieces. Pierce started learning guitar at age 10.[3]

1970s

Pierce's early musical interests were towards glam and progressive rock, particularly bands such as Sparks, Genesis, and Roxy Music. During the mid-70s, after attending a concert by Bob Marley, Pierce became deeply enamoured by reggae, being equally fascinated by Marley's shamanistic presence as by his music. He later traveled to Jamaica, meeting with Winston Rodney (aka Burning Spear) and others, but also "got beat up there too" as Pierce recalled in an interview.[4] He returned feeling unsure about the future role of reggae in US music.

Pierce was also very taken with Debbie Harry, becoming president of the West Coast Blondie fan club. His infatuation with reggae overlapped with the emergence of punk rock and Pierce became a fixture on the Hollywood scene as a contributor to Slash, writing on contemporary punk phase, 1930s blues, 1950s rockabilly and a reggae section under the name "Ranking Jeffrey Lea" which led to an interview with Bob Marley. By the late 1970s, Pierce was himself playing as a musician. He later quipped he had the idea that being in a band was a way to get free drinks bought for him by music business reps.

Around this time Pierce met L.A. musician Phast Phreddie Patterson, whose vast record collection and knowledge of American roots music added to Pierce's musical education. While his later interest in American blues was presaged by his devotion to reggae, his love for the more theatrical, complex sounds of glam and prog rock showed up in his support for the No Wave movement in New York City.[5] Pierce felt disappointed by the swift decline of punk rock into what he saw as a strict formality and also began to feel his beloved reggae was ultimately an import. Seeking a style combining the authenticity and simplicity of reggae but more rooted in his own culture's history, he discovered the Delta blues and developed an extensive knowledge of the genre that influenced and inspired him.

Throughout his career, Pierce was supportive of fellow musicians, encouraging new friend Brian Tristan, aka Kid Congo Powers, to play the guitar and develop his sound and style, recruiting him to form the band Creeping Ritual. Creeping Ritual evolved into the Gun Club, with the addition of drummer Terry Graham and guitarist Rob Ritter.

In the early stages of his career, Pierce was befriended by his idol Debbie Harry, who was convinced of his potential as a musician and artist. He originally met Harry and Chris Stein (also of Blondie) through his position as the president of Blondie's U.S. fan club.[6]

1980s

The Gun Club's debut album, Fire of Love featured the songs "Sex Beat" and "She's Like Heroin to Me". The Gun Club applied a southern-swamp-inspired voodoo sensibility and a punk wildness to their bluesy style. The album contains a version of Robert Johnson's "Preachin' Blues" and the love song "Promise Me". In July 2014, Australian musician Spencer P. Jones explained that the blues influence in Pierce's music was largely the result of the songwriter's access to the record collection of Canned Heat frontman Bob Hite: "Jeffrey was really lucky he met Bob Hite from Canned Heat before Bob died ... He was allowed to come over and pick out ten albums from Bob Hite's massive blues record collection when he was dying."[7]

The follow-up album, Miami, was produced by Stein,[8] and features renditions of "Devil in the Woods," "Sleeping in Blood City" and Creedence Clearwater Revival's "Run Through the Jungle." Bored of interviewers and critics, who seemed only to want a replication of the debut album, Pierce stated that he preferred Miami and dismissed Fire of Love: "I can't even remember making it. What can you say about a record that you cut for 2500 bucks in 48 hours, on speed? It was just punk rock."[9]

In September 1983, as the Gun Club prepared for their Australian tour, two band members quit due to financial concerns and ongoing exasperation with Pierce's behavior. Pierce arrived in Australia with bass player Patricia Morrison and enlisted two members of support act "The Johnny's" - Billy Pommer Jr and Spencer Jones[10] to fill in, plus Kid Congo, who flew from America to join them after a plea from Pierce.[11] Jones recalls that "Jeffery's voice had an element of horror" and the "nature of their [the Gun Club's] music it was way more brutal and full-on than any metal band I have ever heard."[7]

The Las Vegas Story (1984) was the band's third album, seeing the return of Kid Congo Powers, drummer Terry Graham and a new bassist, Patricia Morrison. Dave Alvin also played lead guitar on two tracks. Pierce's evocative lyrics and remarkable vocals evident throughout, it encompassed tribal beat 'voodoo' rock - "Walking with the Beast" - slide-guitars - "Eternally is Here" - and haunting compositions like "My Dreams", "Bad America" and a cover of "My Man's Gone Now". The cassette tape version of the album also featured an extra track, "Secret Fires", missing from the vinyl L.P. but later available on the C.D. Powers recalls; "The song that didn’t make it on the album, “Secret Fires,” that's in all the reissues, is an absolutely beautiful folk song. That's a song that Pierce wrote as just an acoustic guitar number, he just played. It was going to be on the record. Just him and a guitar - no band. And then we decided that we should add lap steel just for the atmosphere. So we got a lap steel player to come in because none of us could play lap steel. I think in the end we just couldn't figure out how to fit it onto the record. I think that's why it didn't make it onto the actual original one.."[12] The album is 'dedicated to Debbie Harry (for her love, help, and encouragement)' [13]

December 1984 the Gun Club played two UK gigs in London but by January 1985 had broken up, cancelling an upcoming Australian Tour. Morrison and Powers remained in London, forming Fur Bible while Pierce visited Egypt with guitarist and new girlfriend Romi Mori, who he'd met at a London show.[14] Pierce relocated to England with Mori and concentrated on a solo career, playing a London gig Jan 17th as 'Astro-Unicorn Experimental Jazz Ensemble' then recruiting Murray Mitchell, John McKenzie and Andy Anderson to record tracks which became Wildweed, the first of Pierce's albums to feature him playing the majority of guitar parts [15][16] plus material released later in the year as the "Flamingo" E.P.[17] A different line up which included Romi Mori, Dean Dennis and Nick Sanderson also recorded with Pierce, completing the six-track "Flamingo" [17] The EP featured a remix of Wildweed's opening track "Love and Desperation" and two cover tracks.

Wildweed's evocative monochrome cover shot, of Pierce, stood in a windswept barren landscape with a shotgun over his shoulder, was actually photographed in the U.K., as Pierce told a Swedish interviewer; "The picture is definitely not taken in a desert, quite the opposite. It's taken in England, on the south coast, next to The English Channel. But my idea was actually that it should look like Texas. Or Kansas. We just couldn't afford to go there only to take a photograph." [15] Pierce toured Europe as The Jeffrey Lee Pierce Quartet, and from August 1985 he toured the United States and Canada. Shows were cancelled, Mori faced sexism and racism, and at the end of the tour, the band's profits disappeared with the tour manager. Pierce returned to Europe to play more shows, culminating in the Quartet's final gig on 27 December in London.

After six months in Japan, Pierce and Mori returned to London in August 1986, with Pierce feeling inspired and keen to start a new chapter of the Gun Club. Kid Congo Powers was by now living in Berlin as guitarist with Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds but accepted Pierce's offer, managing to combine working in both bands. "The Gun Club was different – I kept going back to Jeffrey because the chemistry really worked. It never didn’t work and we didn’t break up because of the lack of chemistry... We were like brothers." [18] With Mori now on bass, they recorded 1987's Mother Juno, produced by the Cocteau Twins' Robin Guthrie that featured songs such as "Thunderhead", "Araby" and "The Breaking Hands". Pierce later said in relation to the album: "We envisioned an album that sounded like ocean waves."

1990s

Pierce's autobiography, Go Tell The Mountain, goes into some detail about the personal turmoil he experienced during the late 1980s and early 1990s. His health had been poor for some time.[citation needed] The final Gun Club album, 1993's Lucky Jim, includes the song "Idiot Waltz".[19] Another album from that period is Ramblin' Jeffrey Lee and Cypress Grove with Willie Love; the recording mainly consists of cover versions of blues artists such as Howlin' Wolf, Lightnin' Hopkins, and Skip James.

In late 1993, Pierce spent time with Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds during the recording period of the Bad Seeds' album Let Love In. Mick Harvey, a former Bad Seeds member, recalled, "He was sat on the couch during much of the recording ... He'd come almost every day and just sit on the couch and then he'd come out to dinner with us and just mumble away. He was very hard work. He was very unusual and a very unique guy." In May 1994, Pierce joined the band on-stage during the "Let Love In" European tour [20] culminating in the UK at Shepherd's Bush Empire, singing a cover of the Johnny Cash/Bob Dylan song "Wanted Man". His last TV appearance was as honorary Bad Seed on Later... with Jools Holland recorded 14 May 1994.[21] Harvey spoke of Pierce:

"I love a lot of his songs but he was pretty hard to connect with at first. I suppose he was pretty out of it with drink and drugs and so kind of difficult to communicate with. Most of the time it was difficult to work out what he was talking about. But he was always very nice and very gentlemanly."[22]

In November 1994, Pierce was arrested for brandishing a Samurai sword in his local Kensington Pub after an argument. He was due in court early 1995 but flew to Japan where he did some radio work and joined a Japanese band onstage, until he was hospitalized after a mugging.[23][24] Pierce flew back to London in February to collect his belongings then left for America, having been requested to leave England following his arrest and lack of visa. He settled in Los Angeles, near to the Viper Room club owned by his friend Johnny Depp [25] Pierce continued working despite failing health and put together a penultimate Gun Club lineup for two shows in Los Angeles in August and September 1995, including guitarists Powers and Mike Martt (ex-Tex & the Horseheads), and the Wayne Kramer rhythm section of bassist Randy Bradbury and drummer Brock Avery. The Gun Club's last ever gig, with bassist Elizabeth Montague replacing Bradbury (who was busy touring with Pennywise) was at The Palace in Hollywood on December 18, 1995.

Pierce contacted Powers in early 1996 to work together on a new iteration of the Gun Club. Both were making plans for this project, with Powers looking to recruit musicians in New York [26] but this was curtailed when on March 25, 1996, Pierce was found unconscious at his father's home in Salt Lake City, Utah. He remained in a coma until his death from a cerebral hemorrhage on March 31[27] at the University of Utah Hospital.[28]

Posthumous tributes

The French rock band Noir Désir paid tribute to Pierce in the song "Song for JLP", from its 1996 album 666667 Club.[29][30][31]

Blondie paid tribute to Pierce in its song "Under the Gun", from the 1999 album No Exit.[32]

Pierce is honored by the rock star Thåström in a 2005 song recording.[33] The World/Inferno Friendship Society also paid tribute to Pierce in their song by the same title.[34]

Mark Lanegan recorded a cover version of the Gun Club's "Carry Home", from the Miami record, on his album I'll Take Care of You.[35][36] Pierce and Lanegan cowrote the song "Kimiko's Dream House" that appears on Lanegan's album Field Songs.[37][38]

In 2010, OFF!, a punk "supergroup" fronted by Keith Morris, former member of Black Flag and the Circle Jerks, released a song dedicated to and named after Pierce. Morris, who also shared a house with Pierce, was responsible for suggesting "The Gun Club" band name while they were living together.[39] He explained, "because Jeffrey Lee Pierce is not only one of my heroes, he's totally inspirational to me."[40] At live performances, Morris has introduced the song with a description of Pierce and the relationship that he shared with the late musician, stating that Pierce was one of his best friends and that the song, "Jeffrey Lee Pierce", is a "eulogy".[41][42][43] At a May 2012 performance at the Bell House venue in Brooklyn, New York City, Morris introduced the song by stating:

Some people have been around long enough to be able to sing songs about our friends, whether they be, um, celebratory, "let's fuck shit up forever" type of songs—this is one of those type of songs. I lost a very close friend, a guy named Jeffrey Lee Pierce. This is a eulogy, um, for my very good friend, Jeffrey Lee Pierce. Now I don't know how many of you were at the Bowery Ballroom [New York City] last night? But I got to tell the story of this, uh, meeting, here in New York City, over at the Irving Plaza; my friend, Jeffrey Lee Pierce, and another one of our good buddies, Kid Congo Powers ... they came to a show that I was at, and I just got off performing, and they showed up, we're partying and we're all chattin' and havin' a good time. And we raced over to a benefit for a guy named John Anderson, who is the Independent Party candidate for the presidency of the United States; and the Gun Club happened to be performing that night, over at this other place, and it was a blast! And this is for my friend, Jeffrey Lee Pierce.[44]

While touring with OFF! in 2010, Morris explained in an interview, after he was asked about the Gun Club T-shirt that he was wearing at the time:

... because Jeffrey Lee Pierce is not only one of my heroes, he's totally inspirational to me. He was also my roommate and at one time he was my best friend. And before he died I got to watch him deteriorate; it was just brutal. One of the last things we were gonna do was put together a band. He started playing me this music and I taped it on one of those little microcassettes and the song, he was like, "Keith, you're gonna have to write about Deborah Harry," because he was president of the Blondie fan club. I like Blondie but I like the Ramones better, or the Dictators, out of that group of New York bands, when all of those bands came up.[45]

Pierce is mentioned in the Gallows song, "Everybody Loves You (When You're Dead)", from the 2012 self-titled album.[46] The song ends with the lines:

Come back, Dee Dee Ramone. Come back, Jeffrey Lee Pierce. Come back, Frankie Venom. Come back, Lux Interior. Come back, Darby Crash. Come back, Johnny Thunders. Come back, Sid Vicious. Come back, Joe Strummer. We need you now.[47][48]

Musician, spoken word artist and friend Henry Rollins played the Gun Club song "Bill Bailey" during his first show for the "Artist in Residence" feature on Australian national radio station Double J. Rollins stated before the broadcast of the song: "Jeffrey Lee Pierce was a very good friend of mine and I miss him horribly. I play a lot of his music because I miss him and I want people to never forget the Gun Club."[7]

In 2014, Argentinian Sergio Rotman, member of the popular Latin rock band Los Fabulosos Cadillacs, edited a special edition of 500 CDs with versions of 14 Gun Club and Pierce songs. His 2002 tribute "El Fuego Del Amor" had previously featured 8 Gun Club songs.

Dax Riggs, former front man of Acid Bath, Agents of Oblivion, and Deadboy & The Elephantmen, frequently plays a phenomenal cover of the Gun Club's "Mother of Earth" at his live shows. He always gives credit to the band and Pierce and also states how much he admired Pierce's song writing.[citation needed]

Jeffrey Lee Pierce Sessions Project

The Jeffrey Lee Pierce Sessions Project is a tribute initiative that was launched after Cypress Grove, one of Pierce's musical collaborators, cleaned out his loft following the musician's passing. Grove uncovered a collection of three songs that had been recorded onto a cassette marked "JLP Songs" and subsequently realized the recording was from sessions he had worked on with Pierce for an album project that they had been planning—the album was originally slated as a country-style album but eventually transformed into a blues recording. The sessions were recorded with acoustic guitars in Cypress Grove's bedroom, using a "boombox" device. The three songs were named "Ramblin' Mind", "Constant Waiting", and "Free To Walk", with further material uncovered over time to support the tribute project.[49][50][51]

To enlist the support of other artists, Cypress Grove initially attempted contact through the respective Myspace sites of particular artists, including Lanegan, and the project progressively evolved, as other artists, such as Isobel Campbell and Jim Sclavunos, agreed to contribute.[51] The discovered recordings were too rough to release and Glitterhouse Records, the label responsible for releasing the recordings of the project, has explained:

This would have been impossible without digital technology, with artists adding their parts all over the world – London, Melbourne, Glasgow, Barcelona, Los Angeles, etc. Once word of the project started to get out, more material became available through family and friends. Jeffrey's old friend Phast Phreddie Patterson provided a copy of a homemade cassette recording he made of Jeffrey doing "My Cadillac" and "St. Mark's Place", which were actually pre-Gun Club recordings. Also, Cypress Grove was able to obtain the two-inch master tapes of some song ideas they had recorded at the end of the "Ramblin' Jeffrey Lee" sessions.[51]

In 2010, The Jeffrey Lee Pierce Sessions Project launched We Are Only Riders, the first of a series of four albums featuring Pierce's previously unreleased "works-in-progress". The album features interpretations of Pierce's work by old friends and collaborators, such as Debbie Harry, Nick Cave, Lydia Lunch, Mick Harvey and Kid Congo Powers.[51]

The Journey is Long, the second album from The Jeffrey Lee Pierce Sessions Project, was released in April 2012 and features The Jim Jones Revue, Barry Adamson, Warren Ellis (The Dirty Three), Steve Wynn (Dream Syndicate) and artists from the first album – on the second release, Cave performs a duet with Harry for a rendition of the song "The Breaking Hands", a song that is also performed by Lanegan and Isobel Campbell on the album, while Tex Perkins performs together with Lunch on "In My Room".[49][52][53] Following the release of the second album, Cypress Grove has explained:

The idea was that, these are not our songs, we merely interpret them... In some cases the artists have had to finish the songs, so there can be no nonsense about this not being as good as the original version as these are the original versions! It's a musical collective of artists who have come together to interpret or complete skeletal, unfinished material by Jeffrey. Where possible we have used Jeffrey's contributions, so he actually appears posthumously on this album. I like to think of it as being like Josh Homme's The Dessert Sessions[53]

Following the release of The Journey Is Long, Cave gave an interview to Gun Club biographer Gene Temesy, who planned to use the interview in a future book on the history of the Gun Club. During the interview, published on the Australian web-based magazine Mess and Noise, Cave spoke of his relationship with Pierce, including their initial encounter: "Yeah, I think we went to see Under The Volcano. And then we retired back to my place. I think Henry Rollins might have been there as well actually. Jeffrey & I sat around and took loads of drugs & watched Henry do push-ups."[54] The following is an excerpt from the 26.03.2012 interview;

He had a thing about the Vietnam War, for some reason. He was very well read on the subject. And dinosaurs. He talked a lot about dinosaurs. Dinosaurs and the Vietnam war, I think, were his two major topics of conversation … and Japanese horror movies ... I mean, with Jeffrey, you pretty much entered his world when you saw him. His obsessions crawled all over him. But in Jeffrey’s world, sometimes it was very inspiring and illuminating and other times it was painful and depressing. But Jeffrey did make efforts to stay on top of all that sort of stuff. But I think it was very difficult for him ... Jeffrey very often didn’t make sense. That was part of his charm. Jeffrey was full of digressions. I think that was very much part of his character. Jeffrey digressed a lot. One minute he’d be talking about the fall of Saigon and the next minute he’d be talking about the size of a dinosaur’s brain. But I didn’t care I was just happy somebody was talking to me. You just kind of sat back and nodded and listened ... But Jeffrey, a beautiful thing about Jeffrey was that he was able to move outside that and connect on some other level to people … I mean, things like with Luke, my kid, and stuff like that. He genuinely cared about other people. He was very genuine. And you know, I loved him very much. And I think he was a great songwriter. And had a great unique voice. The way he sung [sic] up high like that and slightly off key was enough to tear your heart out.[54]

The third album from the project is Axels & Sockets and was released by Glitterhouse Records on May 2, 2014. Contributors include Iggy Pop, Cave, Harry, Lanegan, Race, Thurston Moore and Primal Scream. Prior to the album's release, Grove stated that it is "the best yet, and having Iggy on board is such an incredible honour". Grove also explained that exposing Pierce's music to new listeners is "entirely the point of it [the album]" and he hopes that a wider audience is attained through the tribute.[7][55] Axels & Sockets opens with a rendition of "Nobody's City", for which the artists—Pop, Cave and Moore—used an original Gun Club demo recording:

We found the original Berlin demo tapes from the Mother Juno album in 1987. It's funny how sometimes demos can be better than the released version. So we took those original guitar parts played by Jeffrey Lee and Kid Congo Powers (the Gun Club guitarist) and built a new song. Jim Sclavunos from the Bad Seeds added drums and Iggy [Pop] and Nick [Cave] and Thurston [Moore] layered guitar and vocals on top. Nick has a great love and admiration for Jeffrey and it shines through.[7]

Although the project's third and final album, The Task Has Overwhelmed Us, was due for release in late 2012,[56] the schedule was changed after the release of the second installment. Glitterhouse Records, the label producing the collection, instead released Axels & Sockets. The label clarified that the third album has become the "penultimate" full-length release of the Project, but did not name the final album, or its release date.[57]

Primal Scream's 2013 album More Light referenced Pierce and the Gun Club with a reworking of Pierce's "Goodbye Johnny" and use of the title "Walking with the Beast". Singer Bobby Gillespie commented that "Jeffery Lee was a really great lyricist. He says a lot with a little."[58]

Jeffrey Lee Pierce and The Gun Club documentaries

"Jeffrey’s Blues" - documentary filmed in 1989, directed by Bram van Splunteren for VPRO's Onrust and re-edited with unseen footage 2016, it features interviews with Pierce, acoustic performances and clips of the Gun Club.[59]

Pierce's life is the subject of the documentary, Ghost on The Highway: A Portrait of Jeffrey Lee Pierce and The Gun Club, directed by Kurt Voss, and produced by Voss and editor/composer Andrew R. Powell.[60] In the documentary, Voss interviews Pierce's former collaborators, Kid Congo Powers, Ward Dotson, Terry Graham, Jim Duckworth, and Dee Pop, in addition to his high school friend (actor/photographer) Steven Tash, former publisher of Pierce's work, Henry Rollins, and Lemmy, lead singer of Motörhead.[61] The documentary received mostly positive critical reception, but was criticized for not including any of Pierce's music or interview footage with him.[62] Some fans also felt the narrow spectrum of contributors gave the film a limited and somewhat slanted view of Pierce.

Hardtimes Killing Floor Blues, filmed in 1992 and released in 2008, documents Pierce's time living in Knightsbridge, London.

Solo albums

Personal life

Jeffrey Lee Pierce had several significant romantic relationships in his life. Pierce was always supportive and encouraging of musical aspirations and talents in others, including his romantic partners. One of Pierce's early relationships, singer Texacala Jones, was initially encouraged and supported by Pierce, and together they formed the band "Tex and the Horseheads", with Pierce providing arrangements of traditional songs and playing the guitar in some of their initial performances. Guitarist, bass player and photographer Romi Mori was Pierce's longest romantic partner and a member of the second incarnation of his band the Gun Club, making a significant musical contribution to the band's sound. Perhaps the longest lasting influence on Pierce was Debbie Harry, lead singer of the band Blondie, for whom he had a strong admiration. Pierce was president of the Blondie fan club, and often professed his admiration for her. Harry contributed backing vocals on the album Miami under the pseudonym D.H. Lawrence and was a longtime mentor and supporter of Pierce. Texacala Jones noted that Pierce used to carry a handwritten note from Harry in his wallet that had instructions on how she dyed her hair, including the types of products she used. According to Jones, the note was "written out in beautiful handwriting and 'with love, Debbie' at the bottom" and was Pierce's "most prized possession".[7]

References

  1. ^ "Jeffrey Lee Pierce, Rock Musician, 37 – New York Times". Nytimes.com. April 2, 1996. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  2. ^ Pierre Perrone (April 10, 1996). "Obituary: Jeffrey Lee Pierce – People – News". The Independent. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  3. ^ "Biography". Jeffreyleepierce.com. Retrieved July 15, 2018.
  4. ^ "Jeffrey Lee Pierce". Sylviesimmons.com. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
  5. ^ Stevo Olende (January 2002). "PREACHIN' THE BLUES". Perfect Sound Forever. Perfect Sound Forever. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
  6. ^ "Biography". Jeffreyleepierce.com. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Karen Leng (July 9, 2014). "Preaching The Blues: Remembering The Gun Club's Jeffrey Lee Pierce". Double J. ABC. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
  8. ^ Denise Sullivan. "The Gun Club Biography" (Article). All Music. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
  9. ^ "Returning to the supposedly troublesome 'Miami'". PopMatters.com. September 22, 2009.
  10. ^ "Rockbrat Remembers: When Spencer Jones played with The Gun Club". australianrockreview.com. February 27, 2016.
  11. ^ "NEW YORK NIGHT TRAIN - issue 1: Kid Congo Powers Oral History Pt. 5". Newyorknighttrain.com.
  12. ^ "NEW YORK NIGHT TRAIN - issue 1: Kid Congo Powers Oral History Pt. 5". Newyorknighttrain.com. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  13. ^ "THE GUN CLUB - The Las Vegas Story Punk Blues Vinyl Album Gallery #vinylrecords". Vinyl-records.nl. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  14. ^ "From The Archives -The Gun Club- Concert Chronology / Gigography". Fromthearchives.com. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  15. ^ a b "The Gun Club story". Furious.com. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  16. ^ "iTunes – Music – Wildweed by Jeffrey Lee Pierce". Itunes.apple.com. June 27, 1958. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  17. ^ a b "Jeffrey Lee Pierce - Flamingo". Discogs.com. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  18. ^ "The Quietus | Features | A Quietus Interview | Kid Congo Powers Interview: From Gun Play To Monkey Business". The Quietus. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  19. ^ "Gun Club, The – Lucky Jim at Discogs". Discogs.com. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  20. ^ "Nick Cave & the Bad Seeds Setlist at Muziekcentrum Vredenburg, Utrecht". Setlist.fm.
  21. ^ "The Gun Club story". Furious.com.
  22. ^ Julian Marszalek (April 3, 2012). "Mick Harvey on Jeffrey Lee Pierce". The Quietus. TheQuietus.com. Retrieved January 8, 2013.
  23. ^ "From The Archives -The Gun Club- Concert Chronology / Gigography". Fromthearchives.com. Retrieved June 9, 2021.
  24. ^ Julian Marszalek (May 9, 2016). "The Gun Club: Born To Burn Out Fast". Loudersound.com. Retrieved June 9, 2021.
  25. ^ "Biography". Jeffreyleepierce.com. Retrieved June 9, 2021.
  26. ^ "Gun Club Oral History, Part Four (Pastoral Hide and Seek to 1996)". Boredout305.tumblr.com. Retrieved June 9, 2021.
  27. ^ "The Gun Club Biography". Last.fm. Last.fm Ltd. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
  28. ^ "Jeffrey Lee Pierce, Rock Musician, 37". The New York Times. April 2, 1996. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved June 28, 2020.
  29. ^ "Noir Désir – Song for JLP – acoustique" (Video upload). YouTube. Google, Inc. March 22, 2008. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  30. ^ "Noir Désir – Song for JLP" (Video upload). YouTube. Google, Inc. November 6, 2007. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  31. ^ Emmanuel Tellier (November 30, 1995). "666 667 Club". Les Inrocks (in French). Les Inrocks. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  32. ^ Richard Cook (February 26, 1999). "No Exit by Cook, Richard". The New Statesman.[dead link]
  33. ^ "Thåström – "Skebokvarnsv. 209" (2006)". Metal Bastard Goes Soft. Metal Bastard Goes Soft. January 5, 2009. Archived from the original (Article) on February 23, 2012. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
  34. ^ "The World/Inferno Friendship Society – Jeffrey Lee" (Video upload). YouTube. Google, Inc. April 3, 2011. Archived from the original on December 21, 2021. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  35. ^ "Mark Lanegan – Carry Home" (Video upload). YouTube. Google, Inc. January 17, 2009. Archived from the original on December 21, 2021. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  36. ^ "The Gun Club – "Carry Home"" (Video upload). YouTube. Google, Inc. February 21, 2009. Archived from the original on December 21, 2021. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  37. ^ "Kimiko's dream house". United States Copyright Office. United States Copyright Office. May 8, 2001. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  38. ^ "Mark Lanegan – Kimiko's Dream House" (Video upload). YouTube. Google, Inc. February 10, 2011. Archived from the original on December 21, 2021. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  39. ^ Sylvie Simmons (2005). "Jeffrey Lee Piece and the Gun Club". Sylvie Simmons (from Mojo magazine). Sylvie Simmons. Archived from the original on September 29, 2013. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  40. ^ "an interview w/ Keith Morris & Dimitri Coats of OFF! (part 1)". Brooklynvegan.
  41. ^ "OFF! – "Jeffrey Lee Pierce" n "I Don't Belong"" (Video upload). YouTube (from Spinner.com). Google, Inc. October 22, 2010. Archived from the original on December 21, 2021. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  42. ^ "OFF! LIVE "Jeffrey Lee Pierce" (10/13/2010)" (Video upload). YouTube. Google, Inc. January 3, 2011. Archived from the original on December 21, 2021. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  43. ^ "OFF! – Jeffrey Lee Pierce – Live at 2011 Pitchfork Music Festival" (Video upload). YouTube. Google, Inc. July 19, 2011. Archived from the original on December 21, 2021. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  44. ^ "OFF! – Jeffrey Lee Pierce / Crawl (Live)" (Video upload). YouTube. Google, Inc. July 9, 2012. Archived from the original on December 21, 2021. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  45. ^ Michael Hill (November 29, 2010). "an interview w/ Keith Morris & Dimitri Coats of OFF! (part 1)". BrooklynVegan. BrooklyVegan and BUZZMEDIA. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  46. ^ "Gallows stream new album 'Gallows' ahead of release – listen". NME. IPC Media Entertainment Network. September 7, 2012. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  47. ^ "Gallows Everybody Loves You (When You're Dead) Reading Festival 2012" (Video upload). YouTube. Google, Inc. August 27, 2012. Archived from the original on December 21, 2021. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  48. ^ "Gallows – Everybody Loves You (When You're Dead)". SongMeanings. SongMeanings. 1999–2013. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  49. ^ a b "Cave, Perkins Pay Tribute To Gun Club's Pierce". Mess and Noise. Mess+Noise p/l. March 20, 2012. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  50. ^ Andy Gill (January 15, 2010). "Album: Various Artists, We Are Only Riders – The JLP Sessions Project (Glitterhouse)". The Independent. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  51. ^ a b c d "Jeffrey Lee Pierce Sessions Project". Glitterhouse Records: Releases. Glitterhouse Records. January 11, 2010. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
  52. ^ Phil Newall "Jeffrey Lee Pierce Sessions Project to release second album…," Louder Than War (February 9, 2012). Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  53. ^ a b "Nick Cave and Blondie's Debbie Harry duet on The Gun Club tribute album". UNCUT News. IPC MEDIA. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
  54. ^ a b Gene Temesy; Darren Levin (March 26, 2012). "Nick Cave on Jeffrey Lee Pierce: 'His Obsessions Crawled All Over Him'". Mess and Noise. Mess+Noise p/l. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  55. ^ Kris Needs (May 2, 2014). "Iggy Pop, Nick Cave, Thurston Moore and Jim Sclavunos play Nobody's City – new music". The Guardian. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
  56. ^ "Nick Cave and Blondie's Debbie Harry duet on the Gun Club tribute album". Uncut. IPC MEDIA. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  57. ^ "The Jeffrey Lee Pierce Sessions Project". Glitterhouse.com. May 2, 2014. Retrieved December 31, 2014.
  58. ^ ""Like a portrait of someone in a bad situation": An interview with Primal Scream's Bobby Gillespie". Telekom Electronic Beats. October 21, 2013.
  59. ^ Splunteren, Bram van (October 16, 2016). "Jeffrey's Blues". Vimeo.com.
  60. ^ "Ghost on the Highway: A Portrait of Jeffrey Lee Pierce and the Gun Club". IMDb.com. IMDb.com, Inc. Retrieved May 7, 2012.
  61. ^ "The Gun Club – Ghost on the Highway: A Portrait Of Jeffrey Lee Pierce & The Gun Club (Ballad of Jeffrey Lee Pierce told by former bandmates)". Record Collector – Serious about music. Diamond Publishing A member of the Metropolis Group. 2013. Retrieved January 8, 2013.
  62. ^ "'Ghost on the Highway': A Portrait of Jeffrey Lee Pierce and the Gun Club". DangerousMinds.net. November 6, 2015.