Geumgyul-jeonggwa (candied kumquat)
Place of originKorea
Main ingredientsEdible fruits, roots, or seeds; honey, mullyeot, or sugar
Korean name
Revised Romanizationjeonggwa

Jeonggwa (Korean정과; Hanja正果) is a crispy, chewy hangwa (traditional Korean confection) with vivid colors and a translucent look.[1][2] It can be made by boiling sliced fruits, roots, or seeds in honey, mullyeot (rice syrup), or sugar water, then drying the slices, and optionally shaping them into flowers or other decorative forms.[3][4][5] The candied fruits, roots, or seeds may have the similar texture to jam, marmalade, or jelly.


Common ingredients include yuja, quinces, apricots, lotus roots, radishes, carrots, ginseng, balloon flower roots, gingers, burdock roots, bamboo shoots, and winter melons.[2][4][6] If water is boiled first with honey (and often with spices such as cinnamon and ginger) and dried fruit is added later, it is called sujeonggwa (수정과; 水正果; "water jeonggwa") and served cold as a beverage.




See also


  1. ^ "jeonggwa" 정과. Standard Korean Language Dictionary (in Korean). National Institute of Korean Language. Archived from the original on 27 April 2017. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  2. ^ a b Korea Tourism Organization (23 December 2015). "A Bite of Sweetness! Korean Desserts". Stripes Korea. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  3. ^ Kwon, Mee-yoo (21 January 2011). "[Weekender] Summer dessert — Korean style". The Korea Times. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  4. ^ a b Chun, Hui-jung (2014). Yoon, Ho-mi (ed.). Korean Food Guide 800. Seoul: The Korea Foundation. p. 195 – via issuu.
  5. ^ 윤, 서석. "jeolpyeon" 정과. Encyclopedia of Korean Culture (in Korean). Academy of Korean Studies. Retrieved 26 April 2017.
  6. ^ Koehler, Robert (2012). Traditional Food: A Taste of Korean Life. Seoul: Seoul Selection. p. 58. ISBN 978-1-62412-036-7.