Jhalawar
City
Jhalawar.png
Nickname(s): 
Purple city
Jhalawar is located in Rajasthan
Jhalawar
Jhalawar
Location in Rajasthan, India
Jhalawar is located in India
Jhalawar
Jhalawar
Jhalawar (India)
Jhalawar is located in Asia
Jhalawar
Jhalawar
Jhalawar (Asia)
Coordinates: 24°35′N 76°10′E / 24.59°N 76.16°E / 24.59; 76.16Coordinates: 24°35′N 76°10′E / 24.59°N 76.16°E / 24.59; 76.16
CountryIndia
StateRajasthan
DistrictJhalawar
DivisionKota Division
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • BodyNagar Parishad
Area
 • Total115 km2 (44 sq mi)
Elevation
312 m (1,024 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total66,919
 • Density580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationRJ-17

Jhalawar ([dʒʱaːlaːʋaːɽ] (listen)) is a city in the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is located in the southeastern part of the state. It was the capital of the former princely state of Jhalawar, and is the administrative headquarters of Jhalawar District. Jhalawar was once known as BRIJNAGAR.[2]

History

The city of Jhalawar was founded by a Rajput Jhala Zalim Singh,[3] who was then the Dewan of Kota State (1791 A.D.). He established this township, then known as Chaoni Umedpura, as a cantonment. The township was at the time surrounded by dense forests and wildlife.

Jhala Zalim Singh often came here for hunting and he liked the place so much that he wanted to develop it as a township. The objective to develop this place as a military cantonment was due to the fact that Maratha invaders passed through this central place from Malwa towards Kota to capture Hadoti states.

Jhala Zalim Singh recognised the importance of this place and started to develop it as a military cantonment and township, so that he could use this place to attack and stop Maratha invaders before they could reach Kota state. Chaoni Umedpura was developed as a cantonment and township around 1803-04 A.D. Colonel Todd, who visited the region in December 1821 described this area as the cantonment established by Jhala Zalim Singh plus a well-established township with large houses, havelis and surrounding walls.

In 1838 A.D., English rulers separated Jhalawar state from Kota state and gave it to Jhala Madan Singh, the grandson of Jhala Zalim Singh. He developed his administration services to develop the state of Jhalawar. He resided in Jhalara Patan for a long time and started to build the Garh Palace (1840 - 1845 A.D). He was the first ruler of Jhalawar state and made a significant contribution in the history of Jhalawar. Jhala Madan Singh ruled Jhalawar from 1838 to 1845. After his death, Jhala Prithvi Singh became the ruler of Jhalawar and ruled for around 30 years.

Rana Bhawani Singh Ji, who ruled Jhalawar state from 1899 to 1929 A.D., did remarkable work in the development of Jhalawar state. His active involvement was in the fields of social activities, public works (construction), education and administration.

The chief town of Jhalawar, also known as Patan or Jhalara Patan, was the centre of trade for the eponymous princely state, the chief exports of which were opium, oil-seeds and cotton. The palace is four miles (6 km) north of the town. An extensive ruin near the town is the site of the ancient city of Chandrawati, said to have been destroyed in the reign of Aurangzeb. The finest feature of its remains is the temple of Sitaleswar Mahadeva (c. 600).

Princely State of Jhalawar

Main article: Jhalawar State

See also: Hadoti

1561 - The governor of Gagraun fort surrenders the keys to Akbar.
1561 - The governor of Gagraun fort surrenders the keys to Akbar.

The former ruling family of Jhalawar belonged to the Jhala family of Rajputs. At Kota Madhu Singh, a Jhala Rajput became a favourite with the Maharaja, and received from him an important post, which became hereditary. On the death of one of the Kota rajas (1771), the state was left to the charge of Jhala Zalim Singh, a descendant of Madhu Singh.

From that time Zalim Singh was the de facto ruler of Kota. Under his administration, which lasted over forty-five years, the Kota territory was respected by all parties. In 1838 AD, British intervention and internal politics resulted with the decision to dismember the Kota state, and to create the new principality of Jhalawar as a separate provision for the descendants of Jhala Zalim Singh. The districts then severed from Kota were considered to represent one-third (120,000) of the income of Kotah; by treaty they acknowledged the supremacy of the British, and agreed to pay an annual tribute of Rs. 8000/-. Madan Singh received the title of Maharaja Rana, and was placed on the same footing as the other chiefs in Rajputana.

Geography

Jhalawar is located at 24°36′N 76°09′E / 24.6°N 76.15°E / 24.6; 76.15.[4] It has an average elevation of 312 metres (1023 feet).

Climate

The climate of the area is similar to the Indo-Gangetic plain, being classified as a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Cwa) by the Köppen system. In summer the temperature generally is around 40 °C (104 °F) and at maximum can exceed 45 °C (113 °F). In winter the coldest temperature can reach 1 °C (34 °F). Jhalawar district has the highest rainfall in the Rajasthan state. An average of 37 inches (940 mm) of rainfall keeps it cool and gentle breezes ward off the stifling humidity.[5]

Climate data for Jhalawar (1981-2010, extremes 1929-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.7
(92.7)
38.6
(101.5)
43.6
(110.5)
46.4
(115.5)
49.3
(120.7)
47.6
(117.7)
44.4
(111.9)
40.2
(104.4)
39.4
(102.9)
40.0
(104.0)
38.0
(100.4)
33.6
(92.5)
49.3
(120.7)
Average high °C (°F) 22.9
(73.2)
27.0
(80.6)
32.8
(91.0)
38.9
(102.0)
42.5
(108.5)
39.4
(102.9)
32.7
(90.9)
30.4
(86.7)
32.0
(89.6)
33.1
(91.6)
29.1
(84.4)
24.2
(75.6)
32.1
(89.8)
Average low °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
11.9
(53.4)
17.3
(63.1)
22.2
(72.0)
27.1
(80.8)
27.1
(80.8)
24.9
(76.8)
23.8
(74.8)
23.0
(73.4)
18.8
(65.8)
14.2
(57.6)
9.8
(49.6)
19.1
(66.4)
Record low °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
1.7
(35.1)
5.0
(41.0)
12.6
(54.7)
18.4
(65.1)
17.5
(63.5)
18.6
(65.5)
17.0
(62.6)
14.2
(57.6)
10.0
(50.0)
5.4
(41.7)
1.2
(34.2)
−0.6
(30.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 2.8
(0.11)
1.4
(0.06)
1.3
(0.05)
0.8
(0.03)
7.4
(0.29)
93.6
(3.69)
316.0
(12.44)
353.4
(13.91)
127.3
(5.01)
25.7
(1.01)
9.4
(0.37)
2.2
(0.09)
941.3
(37.06)
Average rainy days 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.6 4.5 10.1 11.7 6.0 1.1 0.7 0.3 35.8
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 41 33 24 21 22 39 63 75 61 42 38 42 43
Source: India Meteorological Department[6][7]

Demographics

As of 2011 Indian Census, Jhalawar had a total population of 66,919, of which 34,765 were males and 32,154 were females. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 8,919. The total number of literates in Jhalawar was 48,145, which constituted 71.95% of the population with male literacy was 77.9% and female literacy was 65.5%. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population of Bahraich was 83.0%, of which male literacy rate was 90.1% and female literacy rate was 75.4%. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 11,422 and 3,534 respectively. Jhalawar had 13595 households in 2011.[1]

Education

Jhalawar district has a well-developed education infrastructure.[8] The Department of Primary Education and Department of Secondary Education provide their services through primary schools, middle schools, secondary, and senior secondary schools. The Rajiv Gandhi Pathashala (School) Scheme, run by the Government of Rajasthan, is also running in the district to provide primary education. Government Engineering College, Jhalawar is a notable institution.

Places to see

Temples

Shantinath Jain Temple
Shantinath Jain Temple

Transport

Air

The nearest airport with scheduled commercial flight is Kota. Kota airport operates a single flight to Jaipur and New Delhi six days a week (not on Sundays). It is 82 km from the town of Jhalawar.

The alternate airport with scheduled commercial flights is Raja Bhoj Airport at Bhopal and Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar Airport at Indore in Madhya Pradesh. Kolana Airport is located near Jhalawar. It is used by chartered aircraft.

Rail

Jhalawar has a newly constructed railway station. The railway station is two km (1.2 mi) from Jhalawar. Currently, there are three trains to Kota on a daily basis with convenient timings. Also on Sunday, Wednesday, Thursday a train to Jaipur and Ganganagar also runs[18]

Road

Jhalawar town lies on National Highway No. 52. Many government buses go through the district and outside. Private buses are also available for intrastate and interstate travel.

Thermal power station

Kalisindh Thermal Power Station is 12 kilometres (7 mi) from Jhalawar town. The power plant is operated by Rajasthan Rajya Vidyut Utpadan Nigam.[19][20] Its chimney is 275 metres (902 ft) high. The two cooling towers of the facility are 202 metres (663 ft), the tallest in the world. The EPC contractor for the project is BGR Energy Systems Ltd.[21]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "Census of India: Jhalawar". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 22 December 2019.
  2. ^ Jhalawar-Rajasthan. "History". jhalawar.rajasthan.gov.in. Retrieved 16 September 2017.
  3. ^ Shastri, R.P. (1971). "Jhala Zalim Singh (1730-1823)". Jhala Zalim Singh, the de facto ruler of Kota: who also dominated Bundi & Udaipur - Shrewd Politician, Administrator and Reformer. Printed at Raj Printing Works, 1971.
  4. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Jhalawar, India". fallingrain.com.
  5. ^ http://waterresources.rajasthan.gov.in/1rainfall.htm[dead link]
  6. ^ "Station: Jhalawar Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 365–366. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  7. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M182. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2021.
  8. ^ District of Rajasthan, Jhalawar. "Jhalawar District Education". Archived from the original on 4 March 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
  9. ^ "Jhalawar Tourism: Tourist Places in Jhalawar - Rajasthan Tourism". tourism.rajasthan.gov.in. Retrieved 16 September 2017.
  10. ^ City, Jhalawar (2020). "Bhimsagar Dam - JhalawarCity". jhalawarcity.com. JhalawarCity.
  11. ^ "ChandraBhaga Temple-JhalawarCity | Jhalarapatan". jhalawarcity.com.
  12. ^ "Jhalawar.biz - Gagron Dargah - मिट्ठे महावली सरकार Jhalawar". jhalawar.biz.
  13. ^ "Shri Adinath Dig. Jain Atishaya Kshetra Chandkheri - JainTeerth.com".
  14. ^ "Chandkheri jain temple". Jain Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 2 May 2017. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  15. ^ "Tourism in Jhalawar, Best Places in Jhalawar". TourismGuideIndia.com. Archived from the original on 29 June 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  16. ^ "Tourist Places". jhalawar.rajasthan.gov.in. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  17. ^ "Jhalawar Tourism: Tourist Places in Jhalawar". tourism.rajasthan.gov.in. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  18. ^ "Kota - Jhalawar City Passenger (UnReserved)/59838 Time Table/Schedule: Kota to Jhalawar WCR/West Central Zone - Railway Enquiry". indiarailinfo.com. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
  19. ^ "First unit of coal based Kalisindh thermal power plant has commenced generation". SteelGuru India.
  20. ^ "Kalisindh thermal power plant starts power generation". Business Standard India. Press Trust of India. 22 March 2014 – via Business Standard.
  21. ^ "Rvunl.com Is For Sale". rvunl.com.
  22. ^ Tiwari, Shailendra (6 January 2017). "झालावाड़ के दामाद थे ओम पुरी, सुकून के पल बिताने आते थे अक्सर" [Om Puri was the son-in-law of Jhalawar, often used to come to spend moments of peace]. Patrika (in Hindi). Retrieved 8 March 2021.