Jiading
嘉定区
Kiating
Shanghai International Circuit
Jiading in Shanghai
CountryPeople's Republic of China
MunicipalityShanghai
Area
 • Total463.55 km2 (178.98 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total1,588,900
 • Density3,400/km2 (8,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Jiading District
Simplified Chinese嘉定区
Traditional Chinese嘉定區
PostalKating

Jiading is a suburban district of Shanghai. It had a population of 1,471,100 in 2010.

History

Historically Jiading was a separate municipality/town until it was under the administration of Shanghai in 1958. In 1993 it was changed from a county to a district of Shanghai.[1]

In early Qing dynasty, which overlapped with Southern Ming, the municipality was infamously known for "Jiading Massacre", a mass murder by the invading Qing force led by defected northern Chinese bandit general Li Chengdong.[2][3] In late Qing (in 1853), Jiading city [sic] was also known for bandit activities that once captured the city and then Shanghai, as a rebellion of taxation.[4]

In 2005 Jiading District government invested RMB 10 million to build the Shanghai Museum of the Imperial Examination System.[5]

Geography

Jiading District is located in the northwestern part of Shanghai. It stretches across 463.9 square kilometers (179.1 sq mi). It is located about 20 kilometers (12 mi) from downtown Shanghai. Jiading District is connected to downtown Shanghai by the Hujia Expressway, the first expressway in China. Jiading District is near Shanghai's Hongqiao Airport but across town from the Pudong International Airport.

Administration

Jiading administers several towns including Jiading, Anting, Nanxiang, Huating, Xuhang, Waigang, Huangdu, Malu Town and Jiangqiao.

Subdistricts and towns

Further information: List of township-level divisions of Shanghai

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Shanghainese Romanization Population (2010)[6] Area (km2)
Xincheng Road Subdistrict 新成路街道 Xīnchénglù Jiēdào sin zen lu ka do 55,223 5.14
Zhenxin Subdistrict 真新街道 Zhēnxīn Jiēdào tzen sin ka do 106,164 5.09
Jiadingzhen Subdistrict 嘉定镇街道 Jiādìngzhèn Jiēdào ka din tzen ka do 81,854 4.10
Nanxiang town 南翔镇 Nánxiáng Zhèn neu zian tzen 139,845 33.31
Anting town 安亭镇 Āntíng Zhèn eu din tzen 232,503 89.29
Malu town 马陆镇 Mǎlù Zhèn mau loq tzen 172,864 57.16
Xuhang town 徐行镇 Xúháng Zhèn zi raon tzen 165,452 39.91
Huating town 华亭镇 Huátíng Zhèn rau din tzen 46,355 39.57
Waigang town 外冈镇 Wàigāng Zhèn nga kaon tzen 80,896 50.95
Jiangqiao town 江桥镇 jiāng qiáo Zhèn kaon djio tzen 256,218 42.37
Jiading Industrial Zone 嘉定工业区 Jiādìng Gōngyèqū ka din kon gniq chiu 72,933 78.10
Juyuan New Area Administrative Committee 菊园新区管委会 Yúyuán Xīnqū Guǎn Wěihuì cioq yeu sin chiu kueu we 60,924 18.61

Landmarks

A map of "Kia-ting-hien" from Du Halde's 1735 Description of China, based on accounts by Jesuit missionaries
A map of "Kia-ting-hien" from Du Halde's 1735 Description of China, based on accounts by Jesuit missionaries

Shanghai University has a campus in downtown Jiading, which is where SILC is based.

The Shanghai International Circuit is located in Jiading. Each year in April the Shanghai International Circuit holds the Chinese Grand Prix.

Jiading Confucian Temple

Location: 183 Jiading Nan Dajie, near Tacheng Lu, Jiading District, Shanghai

The Jiading Confucian Temple is one of the best conserved Confucian temples in China. It has gone through several repairs in the past 800 years. It is a national cultural and security unit. The temple was first built in year 1219. In year 1249, a pond and three memorial gates were add to the construction and were still seen today. In front of the main gate which opens towards the Da Cheng Hall (大成殿) stands a 688-year-old juniper tree. Throughout the temple, numerous 700-year-old stone tablets stood against the wall, carved with calligraphy and documentation of historical events. Although the existing buildings are only six or seven out of ten, it is still one of the more complete Confucian Temples in China.

There is also a museum of imperial examinations. The rooms surrounding the Da Cheng Hall have been transformed into a museum about the Imperial Examination, where you could read all about its inexhaustible significance since its foundation about 1,300 years ago.

Fahua Pagoda

Location: No.349 Nanda Street, Jiading District, Shanghai

The Fahua Pagoda located in central Jiading adjacent to Zhouqiao Bridge is a tetragonal brick-wooden pagoda with seven floors and a height of 40.85 meters (134.0 ft). The ancient pagoda -called Jin Sha Pagoda(金沙塔) when it was built in 1205~1207- had been built before Jiading County was established. There is only a pagoda, no temple. According to the legend, the intention to build the pagoda was only to encourage the local intellectuals to study hard. It has a common name called "Wenbi Peak", which means to pray for the imperial examination. It was renamed to Fahua Pagoda in Ming Dynasty(明朝) by a famous Calligrapher. Presently, there are also the Memorial of Gu Weijun and the Memorial of Hu Juewen in the pagoda courtyard, the visitors can know the life stories of these two famous figures from Jiading.

In its long history, it was damaged and rebuilt quite a few times. During one of its reconstructions in 1608, the local officials funded a lot and the pagoda became a lot more beautiful. "Jin Sha Under Sunset"(金沙夕照) had been a famous attraction of Jia Ding Town for a long long time. The latest renovation was in 1996.

The pagoda is surrounded by Zhouqiao Old Street during the renovation in 1996 lots of efforts were put into restoring the buildings around it to what they looked hundreds of years ago.

Bamboo Carving Museum

Location:No.321 South Street, Jiading District, Shanghai

The Bamboo Carving Museum, covering bamboo carving over the past 400 years since the mid-Ming Dynasty. It exhibits its collections and fine modern Jiading bamboo carvings. Bamboo carvings collected by other collection organizations and collectors are also exhibited from time to time. In the middle and late Ming Dynasty, Zhu He, his son and grandson initiated Jiading bamboo carving in the form of deep relief and penetrating carving, which is one of the best art products with rich cultural connotation and regional characteristics in Jiading.

Sports

Shanghai Jiading F.C. is the district's local soccer club.

Accommodation

There are numerous international hotels within the Jiading district. Among the most famous are Sheraton Shanghai Jiading Hotel and the Crowne Plaza Shanghai Anting, the latter one being the first five star international hotel in Jiading.

Notable people

Transportation

Metro

Jiading is currently served by two metro lines operated by Shanghai Metro:

References

  1. ^ 国务院关于上海市销嘉定县设立嘉定区的批复 (PDF). 国务院公报 (in Chinese (China)). State Council of the People's Republic of China. 1993 (31): 1390. February 1, 1993.
  2. ^ Lary, Diana; MacKinnon, Stephen (November 2011). Scars of War: The Impact of Warfare on Modern China. p. 30. ISBN 9780774841986.
  3. ^ Struve, Lynn A. (1993). Voices from the Ming-Qing Cataclysm: China in Tigers' Jaws. p. 18. ISBN 0300075537.
  4. ^ Burg, David F. (2004). "Nineteenth Century". A World History of Tax Rebellions. New York City; London: Routledge (Taylor & Francis Books). p. 353. ISBN 0-415-92498-7. Retrieved March 11, 2019 – via Google book preview.
  5. ^ "Shanghai Museum of the Chinese Imperial Examination System". Administration of Jiading District, Shanghai. July 11, 2013. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  6. ^ Census Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China; Population and Employment Statistics Division of the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China (2012). 中国2010人口普查分乡、镇、街道资料 (1 ed.). Beijing: China Statistics Print. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.

Further reading

Coordinates: 31°20′14.81″N 121°14′00.93″E / 31.3374472°N 121.2335917°E / 31.3374472; 121.2335917