Jiangdu
江都区
Kiangtu
An iron rhinoceros statue in Shaobo [zh]
An iron rhinoceros statue in Shaobo [zh]
Jiangdu is located in Jiangsu
Jiangdu
Jiangdu
Location in Jiangsu
Coordinates: 32°32′46″N 119°41′02″E / 32.546°N 119.684°E / 32.546; 119.684Coordinates: 32°32′46″N 119°41′02″E / 32.546°N 119.684°E / 32.546; 119.684[1]
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceJiangsu
Prefecture-level cityYangzhou
Area
 • Total1,518.7798 km2 (586.4042 sq mi)
 • Land1,329.9025 km2 (513.4782 sq mi)
 • Water188.8773 km2 (72.9259 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total926,577
 • Density610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

Jiangdu District (simplified Chinese: 江都区; traditional Chinese: 江都區; pinyin: Jiāngdū Qū; lit. 'river capital district') is one of three districts of Yangzhou, Jiangsu province, China. The district spans an area of 1,518.78 square kilometres (586.40 sq mi), and as of November 1, 2020, has 926,577 inhabitants.[2]

Yangzhou Taizhou Airport, which serves the cities of Yangzhou and Taizhou, is located in the town of Dinggou [zh], in Jiangdu District.

Toponymy

The district's name in Chinese literally means "river capital", and refers to when Xiang Yu used the area as the capital of the Western Chu.[2]

History

Human agricultural production in the area has been dated back to approximately five to six thousand years ago, according to government sources.[2] During the Spring and Autumn Period, it belonged to the State of Wu.[2]

Following the Qin's wars of unification, the dynasty administered the area of present-day Jiangdu District as part of Guangling County [zh].[2] However, shortly after, Xiang Yu, leader of the rebellious Western Chu, established Jiangdu as his capital city.[2]

In 153 BCE, the Western Han organized Jiangdu as its own county, under the administration of the Guangling Commandery.[2] During the Eastern Han period, Guangling Commandery Grand Administrator Zhang Gang [zh] built a large canal to divert water from a lake and irrigate Jiangdu County. [2]

During the Three Kingdoms Period, the county belonged to the Wu Kingdom, and was later abolished.[2]

The Western Jin re-established Jiangdu County, but during the Eastern Jin it was once again abolished, and merged into Yu County (simplified Chinese: 舆县; traditional Chinese: 輿縣).[2] Later on in the Eastern Jin period, Emperor Mu of Jin re-established Jiangdu County.[2]

During the last years of the Sui Dynasty, Emperor Yang of Sui fled to Jiangdu to escape from rebellions in the north, and stayed until he was murdered in a coup.[citation needed]

In December 1937, as part of the Japanese Invasion of China, most of the county was occupied by Japanese forces, exiling the Nationalist government to the county's rural areas.[2] Communist resistance to the occupation of Jiangdu County began in July 1940.[2]

In November 1950, Gao Feng, the local communist party secretary, organized a large rally at the Fairy Temple for the purpose of denouncing local landlords. At they rally, PLA soldiers executed two men, aged about 80 and 30, respectively, with gunshots to the head for "refus[ing] to reform themselves".[3]

In July 1994, Jiangdu County was abolished, and re-organized as a county-level city.[2]

Jiangdu remained a county-level city under the administration of Yangzhou until November 2011, when it was converted into a district.[2][4]

Geography

Jiangdu District is located within east of Yangzhou, in Jiangsu province.[2] To its east, it is border by Gaogang District, Hailing District, and Jiangyan District, all in the neighboring prefecture-level city of Taizhou.[2] Jiangdu is bound by the Yangtze River to the south, Guangling District to the west, and the county-level cities of Gaoyou and Xinghua to the north.[2]

The area of Jiangdu District is very flat, reaching a maximum elevation of just 9.9 metres (32 ft) above sea level.[2] The district is home to many rivers and lakes, and water accounts for 14.2% of the district's total area.[2] 20.7% of the district is forested.[2]

Climate

Climate data for Jiangdu District
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.3
(34.3)
3.7
(38.7)
11.0
(51.8)
16.7
(62.1)
21.3
(70.3)
25.3
(77.5)
28.8
(83.8)
28.7
(83.7)
23.9
(75.0)
16.0
(60.8)
11.4
(52.5)
5.3
(41.5)
16.1
(61.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 94.0
(3.70)
30.7
(1.21)
73.6
(2.90)
30.9
(1.22)
261.1
(10.28)
62.7
(2.47)
227.6
(8.96)
183.3
(7.22)
38.2
(1.50)
20.2
(0.80)
96.4
(3.80)
109.0
(4.29)
1,227.7
(48.33)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 103.2 149.1 164.4 193.0 150.3 203.6 227.1 236.8 148.3 215.0 112.4 82.2 1,985.4
Source: [5]

Administrative divisions

Hongquan Hospital
Hongquan Hospital

As of 2020, Jiangdu District administers 13 towns and 1 township-level farm.[6] These divisions then in turn administer 65 residential communities and 263 administrative villages.[2]

Tourism

A view of Shaobo Lake
A view of Shaobo Lake

Major tourist spots include Shaobo Lake, Luyang Lake [zh], Kaiyuan Temple (Chinese: 开元寺), and the former residence of Communist revolutionary Xu Xiaoxuan [zh].[2]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Google (2014-07-02). "Jiangdu" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af 江都概况 (in Chinese (China)). Jiangdu District People's Government. 2021-08-03. Archived from the original on 2021-09-11. Retrieved 2021-09-11.
  3. ^ Xu, Hongci (2017). No Wall too High: One Man's Daring Escape from Mao's Darkest Prison. Translated by Hoh. New York: Sarah Crichton Books. pp. 24–25. ISBN 978 - 0 - 374 - 21262 - 9.
  4. ^ 江苏扬州行政区划调整 江都市改区维扬区被撤销. news.cntv.cn (in Chinese). China Network Television. 2011-11-14. Archived from the original on 2020-04-23. Retrieved 2021-09-11.
  5. ^ 江都概况 (in Chinese (China)). Jiangdu District People's Government. Retrieved March 8, 2020.
  6. ^ 2020年统计用区划代码(江都区) [2020 Statistical Division Codes (Jiangdu District)] (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of China. 2020. Archived from the original on 2021-09-11. Retrieved 2021-09-11.