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Jiangyan
姜堰区
Jiangyan.jpg
Jiangyan in Taizhou
Jiangyan in Taizhou
Taizhou in Jiangsu
Taizhou in Jiangsu
Coordinates: 32°30′32″N 120°07′41″E / 32.509°N 120.128°E / 32.509; 120.128Coordinates: 32°30′32″N 120°07′41″E / 32.509°N 120.128°E / 32.509; 120.128
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceJiangsu
Prefecture-level cityTaizhou
Area
 • Total858.3 km2 (331.4 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[2]
 • Total743,500
 • Density870/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
225500

Jiangyan District (simplified Chinese: 姜堰区; traditional Chinese: 姜堰區; pinyin: Jiāngyàn Qū) is one of three urban districts of the city of Taizhou, Jiangsu province, having been, until December 2012, a county-level city.[3] Jiangyan is noted for being the birthplace of the former General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party Hu Jintao.

History

Historical neighborhood in Jianyan
Historical neighborhood in Jianyan

Formerly called Taixian or Taihsien (simplified Chinese: 泰县; traditional Chinese: 泰縣; pinyin: Tāi Xīan), Jiangyan was a county by the end of the Western Han Dynasty. It has relics from the Zhou Dynasty and a Buddha statue from the Tang Dynasty. It was a town in the Qing Dynasty

Jiangyan has previously also been called Hailu (海陆), Wuling (吴陵), and Taizhou (泰州). In July 1994, the name was changed to Jiangyan and city status obtained.

The Qintong Boat Festival (溱潼会船) has a long history going back to the Ming Dynasty, and is growing in importance as a tourist destination in eastern China.

The Baima Temple (白马庙, meaning white horse temple) in Jiangyan (now in Taizhou) is the birthplace of the Navy of the People's Liberation Army.

The first Soviet base in northern Jiangsu was founded in Jiangyan by the No. 14 Red Army.

Jiangyan has been working to modernize the district through enhanced education and technology opportunities. Many technologies have been developed in Jiangyan, and more than 70 patents have been registered. Jiangyan has been among the "Top 100 most economically competitive counties in China" since 1995.

In 1990, Jiangyan was awarded the Global 500 Roll of Honor by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) for its success in protecting the environment and increasing grain yield through wide use of marsh biogas ponds.

Geography

Located in the center of Jiangsu province, Jiangyan is bordered on the east by Hai'an and Dongtai. To the west lie the districts of Hailing and Gaogang. Taixing is to the south and Xinghua to the north.

Transportation

Street in pedestrian zone of downtown Jiangyan
Street in pedestrian zone of downtown Jiangyan

The Nanjing-Jinjiang-Yancheng Highway runs north–south through the district, and National Highway 328 runs east–west. Water transportation is by the Yangzhou Canal and by the Zhonggan, Jiangyan-Qintong and Jiangyan-Huangqiao rivers.

There is bus service to Jiangyan from Shanghai or Nanjing via National Highway 328 and the Nanjing-Jinjiang-Yancheng Highway.

By road, Shanghai can be reached from Jiangyan in under three hours.

Jiangyan's railway station, located north of the town, has both ordinary trains (K/Z), on long-distance routes, and modern, faster D-trains running from Nantong, Hai'an, Taizhou, Yangzhou, and Nanjing and since the Hutong Yangtze River bridge opened in 2020, through to Shanghai in around 90 minutes.

Administrative divisions

Jiangyan District is divided into 15 towns:[4]

Demographics

As of 2019 there were 251,200 households in Jiangyan and the population was 735,800, of which 366,300 are female, accounting for 49.8% of the total population. In recent years, Jiangyan has been experiencing a loss of population from job loss and a declining birth rate.[citation needed]

In 2019, there were 4,180 births (for a birth rate of 6.4‰) and 6,319 deaths (death rate of 8.9‰). The resident population at the end of 2019 was 692,600, with 65.1% of them living in the city.[clarification needed][citation needed]

Education

As of 2019 Jiangyan district has 44 kindergartens, 29 primary schools, 15 secondary schools, and 5 high schools. Jiangyan High School and Jiangyan Secondary High School were named as model high schools and promoted to be provincial high schools. There are 86,388 students, including 15,543 in kindergartens, 33,270 in primary schools, 20,069 in secondary schools, 12,425 in high schools, 4,922 in professional schools, and 159 in special education schoole. 98% of school-age children attend schools.[5]

Economics

In 2019, the GDP of Jiangyan grew by 6.6% to 66,972 million CNY (around 9.7 billion USD); per capita GDP was 96,752 CNY ($14,000). Primary industry grew by 2.2%, to 4.9 billion CNY; secondary industry grew by 5.9%, to 31.7 billion CNY; and tertiary industry grew 8.2% to 30.4 billion CNY. The relative sizes of the three sectors was 7.3:47.3:45.4. For two consecutive years, Jiangyan has been named among the "Best 100 districts in China", in terms of comprehensive strength, investment potential, urbanization quality, green development, and technology innovation.[5]

Tourism

Qintong Boat Festival

Dragon Boat Racing in Qintong Boat Festival
Dragon Boat Racing in Qintong Boat Festival

The Qintong Boat Festival is held every year in Qingming, around April 4–6. During the festival, boats from nearby villages and towns converge on Xique lake for a few days of celebration. Theatrical performances, dragon and lion dances, and other folk dances are held on the boats.

A highlight of the festival is the racing of boats using long poles instead of paddles.

The boat festival is an important tourist attraction and attracts foreign investment to the area.

Xique Lake

Xique Lake is located in Qintong, 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) north of Jiangyan, and makes up part of the Qintong Swamp.

Museums

Notable people

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Jiangyan is known for a number of notable people:

References

  1. ^ Taizhou Statistical Yearbook 2012/《泰州统计年鉴2012》.(in Chinese) Accessed 9 July 2014.
  2. ^ /《2019年姜堰区国民经济和社会发展统计公报》.(in Chinese) Accessed 23 May 2020.
  3. ^ 泰州姜堰撤市设区已获国务院和江苏省政府批准. People.com.cn. 4 January 2013. Retrieved 2013-01-07.
  4. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:姜堰市 [2011 zoning code and urban-rural division code for statistics: Jiangyan City] (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Archived from the original on 2012-12-03. Retrieved 2013-01-07.
  5. ^ a b "2019年姜堰区国民经济和社会发展统计公报". 2019 Jiangyan National economic and social development bulletin. Jiangyan Government. Retrieved 2020-05-23.