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Jinghe County
精河县 • جىڭ ناھىيىسى
Jinghe County (red) within Bortala Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Jinghe County (red) within Bortala Prefecture (yellow) and Xinjiang
Jinghe is located in Dzungaria
Jinghe
Jinghe
Location in Xinjiang
Coordinates: 44°36′N 82°54′E / 44.600°N 82.900°E / 44.600; 82.900Coordinates: 44°36′N 82°54′E / 44.600°N 82.900°E / 44.600; 82.900
CountryPeople's Republic of China
RegionXinjiang
Autonomous prefectureBortala
County seatJinghe Town (精河镇)
Area
 • Total11,181 km2 (4,317 sq mi)
Elevation
321 m (1,053 ft)
Population
 (2002)
 • Total120,000
 • Density11/km2 (28/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Jinghe County
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese精河县
Traditional Chinese精河縣
Alternative Chinese name
Simplified Chinese精县
Traditional Chinese精縣
Uyghur name
Uyghurجىڭ ناھىيىسى

Jinghe County (Chinese: 精河县) as the official romanized name, also transliterated from Uyghur as Jing County (Uighur: جىڭ ناھىيىسى; Chinese: 精县), is a county of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and is under the administration of the Börtala Mongol Autonomous Prefecture. It contains an area of 11,181 square kilometres (4,317 sq mi). According to the 2002 census, it has a population of 120,000.

Geography and climate

Jinghe has a desert climate (Köppen BWk), with a mean total of only 102 millimetres (4.02 in) of precipitation per annum and great seasonal differences in temperature, with long, very cold winters, and hot, dry summers. As spring and autumn are short, winter and summer are the main seasons. Temperatures can easily fall below −20 °C (−4 °F) in winter or rise above 35 °C (95 °F) in summer. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −14.9 °C (5.2 °F) in January to 25.7 °C (78.3 °F) in July; the annual mean is 8.22 °C (46.8 °F). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 35% in December to 70% in August and September, the county receives 2,554 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Jinghe County (1981−2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −9.8
(14.4)
−5.0
(23.0)
6.6
(43.9)
19.6
(67.3)
27.0
(80.6)
31.8
(89.2)
33.3
(91.9)
31.7
(89.1)
25.4
(77.7)
15.8
(60.4)
4.1
(39.4)
−6.0
(21.2)
14.5
(58.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −14.9
(5.2)
−10.1
(13.8)
1.1
(34.0)
12.4
(54.3)
19.7
(67.5)
24.4
(75.9)
25.7
(78.3)
23.9
(75.0)
17.8
(64.0)
9.0
(48.2)
−0.3
(31.5)
−10.1
(13.8)
8.2
(46.8)
Average low °C (°F) −19.1
(−2.4)
−14.7
(5.5)
−3.5
(25.7)
6.1
(43.0)
13.1
(55.6)
17.7
(63.9)
19.1
(66.4)
17.0
(62.6)
11.2
(52.2)
3.5
(38.3)
−3.7
(25.3)
−13.3
(8.1)
2.8
(37.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 4.2
(0.17)
5.2
(0.20)
5.2
(0.20)
11.0
(0.43)
17.4
(0.69)
14.5
(0.57)
13.9
(0.55)
10.9
(0.43)
10.6
(0.42)
7.0
(0.28)
5.0
(0.20)
7.4
(0.29)
112.3
(4.43)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10.1 7.7 5.2 4.5 5.7 7.4 8.0 6.1 4.6 3.5 4.8 10.9 78.5
Average relative humidity (%) 80 77 69 49 45 45 50 51 54 64 76 81 62
Mean monthly sunshine hours 131.0 143.9 176.4 234.5 279.6 290.0 312.8 302.2 261.8 209.6 117.2 95.2 2,554.2
Percent possible sunshine 46 49 48 58 61 63 67 70 70 62 41 35 58
Source: China Meteorological Administration (precipitation days and sunshine 1971–2000)[1][2]

Municipalities

Map including Jinghe (labeled as CHING-HO) and surrounding area from the International Map of the World (1960)
Map including Jinghe (labeled as CHING-HO) and surrounding area from the International Map of the World (1960)

Jinghe County includes the towns of Jinghe (精河镇) and Daheyanzi (大河沿子镇).

Rural townships include Mangding (茫丁乡), Tuoli (托里乡), and Todok (托托乡, Tuōtuōxiāng).

Similar-level units include the Aheqi (阿合其农场, Āhéqí Nóngchǎng) and Bajiahu Farms (八家户农场, Bājiāhù Nóngchǎng) and the Bingtuan Bashisantuan (兵团八十三团) and Bingtuan Jiushiyituan (兵团九十一团).

Transport

Jinghe is served by China National Highway 312. It is a railway junction for the Northern Xinjiang, Second Ürümqi-Jinghe and Jinghe-Yining-Horgos Railways.

References

  1. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese (China)). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  2. ^ 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2010-05-25.