Jinzhou
晋州市
Jinzhou railway station
Jinzhou railway station
Map
Jinzhou is located in Hebei
Jinzhou
Jinzhou
Location in Hebei
Coordinates: 38°02′02″N 115°02′38″E / 38.034°N 115.044°E / 38.034; 115.044
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHebei
Prefecture-level cityShijiazhuang
Township-level divisions9 towns
1 township
EstablishedNovember 1991
Municipal seatJinzhou, Jinzhou
Area
 • County-level city619.0 km2 (239.0 sq mi)
 • Urban
90.78 km2 (35.05 sq mi)
Elevation
47 m (155 ft)
Population
 (2017)[1]
 • County-level city582,000
 • Density940/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
 • Urban
139,600
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
052200
Area code0311
Websitejzchina.gov.cn

Jinzhou (simplified Chinese: 晋州; traditional Chinese: 晉州; pinyin: Jìnzhōu; lit. 'Jin Prefecture') is a county-level city of Hebei Province, North China. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Shijiazhuang, capital of Hebei. Until November 1991, it was known as Jin County (simplified Chinese: 晋县; traditional Chinese: 晉縣; pinyin: Jìn Xiàn).

Jinzhou is located in central Hebei province, 50 kilometres (31 mi) east of Shijiazhuang. It covers an area of 619 square kilometers, and as of 2010 census, has a population of about 537,700. It consists of nine towns and one township, as well as 224 villages.

Jinzhou has a recorded history of at least 2500 years. It was the hometown of Wei Zheng (魏征), a well-known and well-respected historical figure and official of early Tang dynasty. It is also, according to the Chinese government, the "duck pear town" (鸭梨之乡).

Administrative divisions

There are 9 towns and 1 township:[2]

Climate

Climate data for Jinzhou (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.8
(62.2)
24.0
(75.2)
32.2
(90.0)
33.8
(92.8)
39.0
(102.2)
40.5
(104.9)
42.6
(108.7)
36.8
(98.2)
36.1
(97.0)
32.6
(90.7)
26.3
(79.3)
20.4
(68.7)
42.6
(108.7)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
7.6
(45.7)
14.7
(58.5)
21.9
(71.4)
27.6
(81.7)
32.1
(89.8)
32.4
(90.3)
30.7
(87.3)
27
(81)
20.6
(69.1)
11.4
(52.5)
4.6
(40.3)
19.5
(67.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
1.7
(35.1)
8.4
(47.1)
15.5
(59.9)
21.5
(70.7)
26.2
(79.2)
27.6
(81.7)
26.1
(79.0)
21.3
(70.3)
14.6
(58.3)
6.1
(43.0)
−0.3
(31.5)
13.9
(57.0)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −6.0
(21.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
3.2
(37.8)
9.8
(49.6)
15.7
(60.3)
20.8
(69.4)
23.4
(74.1)
22.2
(72.0)
16.9
(62.4)
9.9
(49.8)
2.0
(35.6)
−3.9
(25.0)
9.3
(48.7)
Record low °C (°F) −17.8
(0.0)
−17.3
(0.9)
−8.8
(16.2)
−1.3
(29.7)
4.2
(39.6)
10.8
(51.4)
16.7
(62.1)
13.3
(55.9)
6.0
(42.8)
−3.8
(25.2)
−15.7
(3.7)
−22.8
(−9.0)
−22.8
(−9.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.0
(0.08)
5.0
(0.20)
8.7
(0.34)
24.2
(0.95)
33.4
(1.31)
54.2
(2.13)
114.9
(4.52)
114.2
(4.50)
44.6
(1.76)
23.9
(0.94)
13.3
(0.52)
3.1
(0.12)
441.5
(17.37)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1.5 2.5 2.4 4.8 5.9 8.0 11.2 9.8 6.6 5.0 3.8 1.9 63.4
Average snowy days 2.6 2.4 1.0 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.3 2.2 9.7
Average relative humidity (%) 54 50 48 53 57 59 72 76 70 64 64 59 61
Mean monthly sunshine hours 152.3 162.8 213.6 229.2 253.5 221.8 182.5 193.4 190.3 176.2 150.6 148.3 2,274.5
Percent possible sunshine 50 53 57 58 57 50 41 46 52 51 50 50 51
Source: China Meteorological Administration[3][4]

Transport

References

  1. ^ a b Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 46. Archived from the original on 18 June 2019. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:晋州市 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-01-19.
  3. ^ 中国气象数据网 – WeatherBk Data (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 25 August 2023.
  4. ^ 中国气象数据网 (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 25 August 2023.