King of the Xia dynasty
PredecessorBu Jiang
SuccessorJin of Xia
IssueJiong of Xia
DynastyXia dynasty
FatherXie of Xia
ReligionChinese mythology

Jiong (Chinese: ; pinyin: Jiōng) was the twelfth king of the semi-legendary Xia Dynasty.[1]


Jiōng was a son of Xie of Xia[2] and his spouse and thus a grandson of Máng and brother of Bu Jiang.[3]

His own consort is unknown. His son was Jǐn and his nephew was Kong Jia.[1]


According to the Bamboo Annals,[4] Jiōng ruled about 18 years, while according to the Records of the Grand Historian, he ruled about 21 years.

He acceded to the throne in the Wuxu (戊戌) year.

In the 10th year of Jiōng's reign, Bu Jiang died.


  1. ^ a b Albert E. Dien; Jeffrey K. Riegel; Nancy Thompson Price, eds. (1985). Chinese Archaeological Abstracts. Vol. 2: prehistoric to Western Zhou. Institute of Archaeology, University of California, Los Angeles.
  2. ^ A Cultural History of the Chinese Language by Sharron Gu
  3. ^ Chronology of China rulers
  4. ^ James Legge (1865), The Chinese Classics, Volume 3, part 1.
Jiong of Xia Xia Dynasty Regnal titles Preceded byBu Jiang King of China 1831 BC – 1810 BC Succeeded byJin