Jo Benkow
Jo Benkow.jpg
President of the Storting
In office
9 October 1985 – 30 September 1993
Prime MinisterKåre Willoch
Gro Harlem Brundtland
Jan P. Syse
Vice PresidentReiulf Steen
Kirsti Kolle Grøndahl
Preceded byPer Hysing-Dahl
Succeeded byKirsti Kolle Grøndahl
Conservative Parliamentary leader
In office
1 October 1981 – 30 September 1985
Prime MinisterKåre Willoch
LeaderHimself
Erling Norvik
Preceded byKåre Willoch
Succeeded byJan P. Syse
Leader of the Conservative Party
In office
4 May 1980 – 25 August 1984
First DeputyHåkon Randal
Second DeputyAstrid Gjertsen
Kaci Kullmann Five
Preceded byErling Norvik
Succeeded byErling Norvik
First Deputy Leader of the Conservative Party
In office
16 April 1978 – 4 May 1980
LeaderErling Norvik
Preceded byLars T. Platou
Succeeded byHåkon Randal
Second Deputy Leader of the Conservative Party
In office
12 May 1974 – 16 April 1978
LeaderErling Norvik
Preceded byPer Hysing-Dahl
Succeeded byAstrid Gjertsen
Member of the Norwegian Parliament
In office
1 October 1965 – 30 September 1993
ConstituencyAkershus
Personal details
Born
Josef Elias Benkowitz

(1924-08-15)15 August 1924
Trondheim, Sør-Trøndelag, Norway
Died18 May 2013(2013-05-18) (aged 88)
Oslo, Norway
NationalityNorwegian
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)Annelise Høegh
OccupationPolitician
Professionphotographer
Military service
Allegiance Norway
Branch/serviceAir Force

Jo Benkow (born Josef Elias Benkowitz; 15 August 1924 – 18 May 2013) was a Norwegian politician and writer, notable for being an important person in the Conservative Party of Norway, and the President of the Parliament 1985–1993. He was also President of the Nordic Council in 1983.

Private life

Jo Benkow was born in Trondheim, Norway to Jewish parents, Ivan Benkow (1885–1955) and Annie Louise Florence (1895–1942). The family moved to the municipality of Bærum outside Oslo when Jo was a child. Jo Benkow married Bjørg Gerda Folkestad (1930–2012) in 1952, but the marriage dissolved in 1983. From 1985 he was married to fellow politician Annelise Høegh (1948–2015),[1] former parliamentary representative for the Conservative Party, and daughter of war aviator Anders Høegh (1920– 1989). He was the uncle of journalistic fraudster Bjørn Benkow[2] (1940–2010).

As a member of the tiny Jewish minority of Norway, he experienced first-hand prejudice while growing up. In 1942, he fled persecution by the Nazis occupying Norway, to Sweden. His mother and sister were deported by the Nazi regime from Norway and murdered in Auschwitz.[3][4] Jo reached the United Kingdom where he served in the Royal Norwegian Air Force.[5] He returned after the war and took up photography as a trade, his father's profession.

Political career

In 1965 he was elected to the Parliament of Norway, representing the Conservative Party. In parliament he soon became a leading figure, as party leader 1980–84, group leader of the Conservative Party in parliament 1981–85 and most notably becoming President of the Storting (Speaker) on 9 October 1985, a position he held until his retirement on 30 September 1993, after 28 years in parliament.

Benkow served as president of the International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights, taught international relations at Boston University, and has written books on human rights, modern monarchy in Norway, and other issues. His autobiography Fra Synagogen til Løvebakken (From the synagogue to Løvebakken; Løvebakken refers to a place outside the Parliament) published in 1985 sold 250,000 copies in Norway and earned him the Norwegian Booksellers' Prize.[1] His book Olavmenneske og monark ("Olav – Man and Monarch"), a product of several conversations with his friend King Olav V, was a huge bestseller as well.

He was also a much sought-after lecturer on issues concerning the Middle East and Anti-Semitism. In recent years he managed to create some controversy when he criticized former prime minister and party colleague Kåre Willoch, calling him "the most biased person in the country," on account of Willoch's views on the Middle East and his criticism of Israeli politics.[2]

Benkow died on 18 May 2013, at a hospital in Oslo, aged 88.[6]

Awards

Books

References

^ Article in Aftenposten, May 2004 (in Norwegian) on the Norwegian Refugee Council and Kåre Willoch's visit to Israel and the Palestinian territories.

  1. ^ a b Lars Roar Langslet: Jo Benkow (in Norwegian) Store norske leksikon, retrieved 18 May 2013
  2. ^ Juksemaker'n – portrettet – Dagbladet.no
  3. ^ Annie Louise Florence
  4. ^ Rebekka Cecilie Oster
  5. ^ [1] Archived 3 July 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Jo Benkow er død – VG Nett". Vg.no. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
Political offices Preceded byPer Hysing-Dahl President of the Storting 1985–1993 Succeeded byKirsti Kolle Grøndahl