Joan II
Bourgogne, Jeanne de (Recueil d
Countess Palatine of Burgundy
Reign1303–1330
PredecessorOtto IV
SuccessorJoan III
Countess of Artois
Reign1329–1330
PredecessorMahaut
SuccessorJoan III
Queen consort of France and Navarre
Tenure1316–1322
Coronation9 January 1317
Bornc. 1291
Died21 January 1330(1330-01-21) (aged 38–39)
Roye-en-Artois
Burial
Spouse
(m. 1307; died 1322)
IssueJoan III, Countess of Burgundy
Margaret I, Countess of Burgundy
Isabelle, Dauphine of Viennois
Blanche of France
HouseIvrea
FatherOtto IV, Count of Burgundy
MotherMahaut, Countess of Artois
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Joan II, Countess of Burgundy (French: Jeanne; c. 1287/88[a] – 21 January 1330), was Queen of France by marriage to Philip V of France; she was also ruling Countess of Burgundy from 1303 to 1330 and ruling Countess of Artois in 1329-1330.

Biography

Coat of arms of Joan II.
Coat of arms of Joan II.

Joan, born c.1287/88, was the eldest daughter and heiress of Otto IV, Count of Burgundy, and Mahaut, Countess of Artois.[1] She married Philip, the second son of King Philip IV of France, on 21 January 1307. At the beginning of 1314, Joan's sister Blanche and her sister-in-law Margaret were convicted of adultery with two knights, upon the testimony of their sister-in-law Isabella, in the Tour de Nesle Affair.[2] Joan was thought to have known of the affairs, and was placed under house arrest at Dourdan as punishment.[2] She was cleared, by parliament,[3] and released following the death of King Philip IV.[4]

Queen

With the death of King John I of France in 1316, Joan's husband became King Philip V of France and she became queen consort.[5][6]

Joan as queen of France from a 14th century manuscript
Joan as queen of France from a 14th century manuscript

Countess of Burgundy and Artois

Upon her father's death in 1303, with her only brother Robert disinherited by the Treaty of Vincennes (1295), the County of Burgundy was inherited by Joan under the regency of her mother. When she married in 1307, her mother continued to govern her domains for her during her absence.

After her husband's death in 1322, Joan lived in her own domains. After Joan's beloved sister, Blanche, died in 1326, she was said to be "so sorrowful as never before she had been."

In 1329, she inherited her mother's County of Artois.

Death

Joan died at Roye-en-Artois, on 21 January 1330,[7] and was buried at Cordeliers Convent in Paris.[8] Her titles were inherited by her eldest daughter, Joan III, who had married Odo IV, Duke of Burgundy, in 1318. With Joan II's death, the County and Duchy of Burgundy became united through this marriage. The Counties of Burgundy and Artois were eventually inherited by her younger daughter Margaret in 1361.[6]

Joan left provision in her will for the founding of a college in Paris; it was named Collège de Bourgogne, "Burgundy College."

Issue

The seal of Joan II
The seal of Joan II

Joan and Philip had:

  1. Joan (1/2 May 1308 – 10/15 August 1349),[6] Countess of Burgundy and Artois in her own right and wife of Odo IV, Duke of Burgundy
  2. Margaret (1309 – 9 May 1382),[6] wife of Louis I of Flanders
  3. Isabelle (1310 – April 1348),[6] wife of Guigues VIII de La Tour du Pin, Dauphin de Viennois.
  4. Blanche (1313 – 26 April 1358), a nun[6]
  5. Louis (d. 1317)[b][10]

In fiction

Joan (as Jeanne) is a character in Les Rois maudits (The Accursed Kings), a series of French historical novels by Maurice Druon. She was portrayed by Catherine Rich in the 1972 French miniseries adaptation of the series, and by Julie Depardieu in the 2005 adaptation.[11][12]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Brown states Van Kerrenbrouck gives 1294 as her date of birth.[1]
  2. ^ Bradbury says he was known as Philip Louis[9]

References

  1. ^ a b Brown 2009, p. 223.
  2. ^ a b Warner 2017, p. 84.
  3. ^ Bradbury 2007, p. 277.
  4. ^ Brown 2009, p. 224.
  5. ^ Hallam 1980, p. 284.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Warner 2017, p. 75.
  7. ^ Warner 2017, p. 240.
  8. ^ Gaude-Ferragu 2016, p. 142.
  9. ^ Bradbury 2007, p. 280.
  10. ^ Warner 2017, p. 102.
  11. ^ "Official website: Les Rois maudits (2005 miniseries)" (in French). 2005. Archived from the original on 15 August 2009. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  12. ^ "Les Rois maudits: Casting de la saison 1" (in French). AlloCiné. 2005. Archived from the original on 19 December 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2015.

Sources

Joan II, Countess of Burgundy House of IvreaBorn: c. 1291 Died: 21 January 1330 French nobility Preceded byOtto IV Countess Palatine of Burgundy 1303–1330 With: Philip II (1307–1322) Succeeded byJoan III Preceded byMatilda Countess of Artois 1329–1330 French royalty VacantTitle last held byClementia of Hungary Queen consort of France and Navarre 1316–1322 Succeeded byBlanche of Burgundy