Johan Cruijff Schaal
Organising bodyRoyal Dutch Football Association
Founded1949
1991–present
RegionNetherlands
Number of teams2
Current championsPSV (13th title)
Most successful club(s)PSV (13 titles)
WebsiteOfficial website
2022 Johan Cruyff Shield

The Johan Cruyff Shield (Dutch: Johan Cruijff Schaal, pronounced [ˌjoːɦɑŋ ˈkrœyf ˌsxaːl])[1] is a football trophy in the Netherlands named after Dutch footballer Johan Cruyff, also often referred to as the Dutch Super Cup. The winner is decided in one match only, played by the winner of the national football league, Eredivisie, and the winner of the national KNVB Cup. In the event of a team winning both the Eredivisie and the KNVB Cup, the Johan Cruyff Shield will be contested between that team and the runner up in the national league. The match traditionally opens the Dutch football season in August one week before the Eredivisie starts.

The trophy

The trophy is a silver plate with a 60-centimetre diameter. It is similar to the trophies received by the champions of the Eredivisie. The engraved text on the trophy is as follows:

History

Super Cup

The first Super Cup match was played on 25 June 1949. The league champions SVV beat cup winners Quick 1888 2–0.

The Dutch FA brought back the competition in 1991 under the name PTT Telecom Cup, with the match always being played in the De Kuip stadium in Rotterdam. After three years, sponsor PTT Telecom retreated and the name Super Cup was reinstated.

Johan Cruyff Shield

In 1996 the format was changed to the current set-up and played in the Amsterdam Arena under the name Johan Cruyff Schaal (Dutch for Johan Cruyff Shield).[2]

In 2003, the supporters of both teams, namely FC Utrecht and PSV Eindhoven, were rather unhappy with the set-up and stayed away from the stadium. The Utrecht fans complained about protocols concerning their travel to Amsterdam (strict rules imposed for the threat of hooliganism) and the PSV fans were dissatisfied with the seats assigned to them. Only 700 of the 13,000 available tickets were sold. The prize money in 2003 amounted to 135,000. The contestants in 2004 were Ajax and FC Utrecht. Utrecht won with a final score of 4–2 after trailing 1–2 up until the 85th minute of the match. Thirty-three thousand spectators witnessed the most remarkable comeback in the trophy's history.

Because PSV won both the national championship and the cup in 2005, Ajax (who had finished second in the league) formed the opposition and won 2–1. It was only the fourth home-victory of Ajax over PSV in ten years.

Starting from 2017, the match is played in the stadium of the Eredivisie champions.

Results

Super Cup

Year Winners Scorers Score Scorers Runners-up
1949 SVV Schrumpf ?'
Könemann ?'
2–0 Quick 1888
1991 Feyenoord Damaschin 10' 1–0 PSV Eindhoven
1992 PSV Eindhoven E. Koeman 25'
1–0 Feyenoord
1993 Ajax Litmanen 18', 62'
F. de Boer 47'
Overmars 61'
4–0 Feyenoord
1994 Ajax Litmanen 13'
Oulida 21'
Kluivert 25'
3–0 Feyenoord
1995 Ajax R. de Boer 25'
Kluivert 102'
2–1 (a.e.t.) Larsson 27' Feyenoord

Johan Cruyff Shield

Year Winners Scorers Score Scorers Runners-up
1996 PSV Eindhoven Eijkelkamp 48'
Degryse 61', 78'
3–0 Ajax
1997 PSV Eindhoven Cocu 23', 90+1'
De Bilde 90+2'
3–1 Van Houdt 84' Roda JC
1998 PSV Eindhoven Khokhlov 23'
Bruggink 53'
2–0 Ajax
1999 Feyenoord Tomasson 13'
Kalou 15'
Paauwe 86'
3–2 Knopper 45'
Grønkjær 53'
Ajax
2000 PSV Eindhoven Ramzi 29'
Faber 44'
2–0 Roda JC
2001 PSV Eindhoven Kežman 4'
Bruggink 20'
Rommedahl 71'
3–2 De Witte 34'
Van der Doelen 89'
FC Twente
2002 Ajax Van der Vaart 41, 76'
Mido 54'
3–1 Kežman 10' PSV Eindhoven
2003 PSV Eindhoven Robben 14'
Van Bommel 47'
Kežman 88'
3–1 Van de Haar 21' FC Utrecht
2004 FC Utrecht Schut 72'
Somers 87', 90+1'
Douglas 90+5'
4–2 Pienaar 51'
Sneijder 80'
Ajax
2005 Ajax Boukhari 72'
Babel 78'
2–1 Bouma 51' PSV Eindhoven
2006 Ajax Rosales 7'
Perez 69'
Sneijder 82'
3–1 Cocu 48' PSV Eindhoven
2007 Ajax Gabri 43' 1–0 PSV Eindhoven
2008 PSV Eindhoven Lazović 55'
Marcellis 67'
2–0 Feyenoord
2009 AZ Holman 15'
El Hamdaoui 24'
Martens 28'
Lens 67', 87'
5–1 Papadopulos 60' SC Heerenveen
2010 FC Twente L. de Jong 8' 1–0 Ajax
2011 FC Twente Janko 21'
Ruiz 68'
2–1 Alderweireld 54' Ajax
2012 PSV Eindhoven Toivonen 3', 53'
Lens 12'
Wijnaldum 90'
4–2 Alderweireld 44'
Marcelo 75' (o.g.)
Ajax
2013 Ajax Gouweleeuw 69' (o.g.)
Sigþórsson 75'
S. de Jong 103'
3–2 (a.e.t.) Guðmundsson 51'
Jóhannsson 67'
AZ
2014 PEC Zwolle Nijland 54' 1–0 Ajax
2015 PSV Eindhoven L. de Jong 25', 64'
Maher 50'
3–0 FC Groningen
2016 PSV Eindhoven Pröpper 38' 1–0 Feyenoord
2017 Feyenoord Toornstra 7' 1–1 (4–2 pen.) Büttner 58' Vitesse
2018 Feyenoord 0–0 (6–5 pen.) PSV Eindhoven
2019 Ajax Dolberg 1'
Blind 53'
2–0 PSV Eindhoven
2020 Cancelled due to COVID-19 pandemic in the Netherlands
2021 PSV Eindhoven Madueke 2', 29'
Vertessen 76'
Götze 89'
4–0 Ajax
2022 PSV Eindhoven Til 32', 45+2', 69'
Gakpo 65'
Simons 90+1'
5–3 Bergwijn 15'
Antony 54'
Kudus 72'
Ajax

Winners by club

The performance of various clubs is shown in the following table:[3]

Club Won Lost Years won Years runners-up
PSV Eindhoven 13 7 1992, 1996, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2008, 2012, 2015, 2016, 2021, 2022 1991, 2002, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2018, 2019
Ajax 9 10 1993, 1994, 1995, 2002, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2013, 2019 1996, 1998, 1999, 2004, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2014, 2021, 2022
Feyenoord 4 6 1991, 1999, 2017, 2018 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 2008, 2016
FC Twente 2 1 2010, 2011 2001
FC Utrecht 1 1 2004 2003
AZ 1 1 2009 2013
SVV 1 1949
PEC Zwolle 1 2014
Roda JC 2 1997, 2000
Quick 1888 1 1949
Heerenveen 1 2009
FC Groningen 1 2015
Vitesse 1 2017

References

  1. ^ In isolation, Johan is pronounced [ˈjoːɦɑn].
  2. ^ "+19 augustus 1996: Hegemonie Ajax ten einde" [19 August 1996, end of the rule of Ajax]. Sportkroniek.nl (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2022.
  3. ^ "Netherlands – List of Super Cup Finals". www.rsssf.com.