|4th Governor of Alabama|
November 25, 1825 – November 25, 1829
|Preceded by||Israel Pickens|
|Succeeded by||Gabriel Moore|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Alabama's 5th district
March 4, 1833 – March 3, 1835
|Preceded by||District created|
|Succeeded by||Francis Strother Lyon|
|Member of the Alabama House of Representatives|
|Member of the Alabama Senate|
Columbia, North Carolina
|Died||September 21, 1841 (aged 54–55)|
Clarke County, Alabama
John Murphy (1786 – September 21, 1841) was the fourth Governor of the U.S. state of Alabama, serving two terms from 1825 to 1829.
John Murphy was born in 1786 in Robeson County, North Carolina. He attended South Carolina College, now the University of South Carolina, where he was a member of the Clariosophic Society. Among his classmates at South Carolina College were John Gayle and James Dellet. Gayle also became Governor of Alabama while Dellet became a U.S. Congressman from Alabama. Murphy graduated in 1808.
He became a clerk at the South Carolina Senate. He served as trustee for the University of South Carolina from 1808 to 1818.
In 1818, he moved to Alabama and was elected to the Alabama House in 1820 and the Alabama Senate in 1822. He was elected Governor of Alabama in 1824, and in 1827 he was elected a second term. He represented Alabama in the United States House of Representatives from 1833 to 1835.
Under date of April 2, 1834, John Quincy Adams records in his diary that Congressman James Blair "shot himself last evening at his lodgings ... after reading part of an affectionate letter from his wife, to Governor Murphy, of Alabama, who was alone in the chamber with him, and a fellow-lodger at the same house." Diary (New York: Longmans, Green, 1929) p. 434.
He died in 1841 in Clarke County, Alabama.