Arms of John de Vaux: Argent, an escutcheon between eight martlets gules[1]
Arms of John de Vaux: Argent, an escutcheon between eight martlets gules[1]

John de Vaux (died 11 September 1287)[2] was a 13th-century English nobleman.

Life

Vaux was a son of Oliver de Vaux and Petronilla de Craon.[3] John was one of the retinue of Lord Edward until 1259, probably serving in Edward's campaign in Wales. Due to the dismissal of Roger de Leybourne from the service of Lord Edward in 1262, he joined with several other nobles of the baronial opposition under Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester. In June 1263, he was one of the nobles who arrested Peter of Aigueblanche, Bishop of Hereford.[4] Vaux returned to royal service to King Henry III of England and Lord Edward, by October 1263. Vaux was one of the sealers of the agreement between Henry III and King Louis IX of France in December 1263.

Vaux fought on the side of King Henry III during the battle of Evesham in August 1265 and received grants of some of the rebel barons seized houses in London.[5] He was a Justice itinerant in 1278. Vaux was appointed as Sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk and Governor of Norwich Castle; however, in 1285 he owed the crown over £213. Since he could not afford this sum, he was forgiven £80 of his debt, by serving as sheriff.[6] Vaux had been appointed as Seneschal of Gascony in 1283;[7] however, it does not appear that he took office. In 1285 he served as a royal judge. He died on 11 September 1287. [note 1] Petronilla, his daughter the wife of William de Nerford, and Maud his other daughter, wife of William de Ros, 1st Baron de Ros were John's heirs.[8]

Family

Vaux married Sybilla and had two daughters:

Citations

  1. ^ Morgan 1661, p. 64.
  2. ^ a b Maxwell Lyte, H.C: Sharp, J.E.E.S: Stamp A.E (1906)."653. John de Vallibus: 15 Edw.I: Norfolk".In Calendar Of Inquisitions Post Mortem. Vol.II. Edward I. London: Mackie And Co.pp.403 - 404. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Burke 1831, p. 532.
  4. ^ Prestwich 1988, p. 27.
  5. ^ Prestwich 1988, p. 54.
  6. ^ Prestwich 1988, p. 260.
  7. ^ Prestwich 1988, p. 304.
  8. ^ Maxwell Lyte, H.C: Sharp, J.E.E.S: Stamp A.E (1906)."653. John de Vallibus: Indenture of partition, Tuesday the morrow of the Purification, 16 Edw.I".In Calendar Of Inquisitions Post Mortem. Vol.II. Edward I. London: Mackie And Co.p.404. Retrieved 11 August 2021.
  9. ^ a b Maxwell Lyte, H.C: Sharp, J.E.E.S: Stamp A.E (1906)."653. John de Vallibus: Suffolk Inq. Wednesday before St.Leonard, 15 Edw.I: Heirs as above, Petronilla aged 28, and Maud aged 26".In Calendar Of Inquisitions Post Mortem. Vol.II. Edward I. London: Mackie And Co.p.402. Retrieved 11 August 2021.

References

Notes

  1. ^ His earliest Norfolk inquisition, taken on Thursday the feast of St.Leonard, 15 Edw.I (6 November 1287) gives the date of his death: "He died on Thursday before the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, 15 Edw. I." The date of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross was 14 September. The regnal calendar for 15 Edward I (20 November 1286 - 19 November 1287), gives 11 September 1287 as a Thursday. This inquisition and the next four of his Norfolk inquisitions all give the same death date and all detail that Petronilla and Maud his daughters were his heirs and both of full age.[2]