Johnny Douglas
Birth nameJohn Henry Douglas
Born19 June 1920
Hackney, London, England
DiedApril 20, 2003(2003-04-20) (aged 82)
Bognor Regis, West Sussex, England
GenresEasy listening
InstrumentsPiano
Years active1939–2003
LabelsDulcima Records
RCA Records
Capitol Records

Johnny Douglas (19 June 1920 – 20 April 2003) was an English composer, pianist, musical director, conductor, and string arranger primarily working with film scores and orchestras.[1][2] He recorded more 500 tracks for Decca Records, over 80 albums for RCA Records, and provided music for 36 films during his career.[1][3][4] He was nominated for a BAFTA for his soundtrack for the 1970 film The Railway Children[5] and led RCA'S Living Strings for many years.[1][6][2] In addition to films, Douglas composed and conducted music for television series including Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends,[7][8] Dungeons & Dragons,[9] The Incredible Hulk,[10] G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero,[11][12] and The Transformers.[5]

Early years

John Henry Douglas was born in the Hackney district of London, England on 19 June 1920, the eldest of two sons.[13] In Douglas' early years, the family moved to Bermondsey, another district of London, where his mother May was a housewife and his father John was later an alderman for the West Bermondsey Council.[10] He showed an innate talent for music at a very young age; by two and a half, he could play a song he had heard on one of his father's records on the piano.[4] At four, he started taking piano lessons and by 10, he was studying instruments and transpositions.[1][13][6] By 12, he was arranging and writing music.[13][6]

Douglas attended St. Olaves & St. Saviours on a government scholarship.[1][6] At 13, he formed a dance band with his school friends which gained enough local notoriety that they won several awards.[1] Following school, he worked as an accounts clerk and continued playing with his band.[13][6] He joined the Royal Air Force, where he formed his own dance band.[1][6] An arm injury prevented him from playing piano for about two years following the war, during which he concentrated on arranging and composing.[6][1]

Career

Douglas' first professional appearance as with the Neville Hughes Sextet in 1939 as a pianist in London's West End.[1][6] Following his time in the war, he reached out to popular bandleaders and heard back from George Elrick, who hired him as a staff arranger.[6][13] He arranged a number of BBC programs and for many famous bands including Bert Ambrose, Ted Heath, and Edmundo Ros.[6][1] He also worked as an arranger for and pianist with the Cyril Stapleton Band.[1][6] Douglas won a Jazz Jamboree Award from Melody Maker magazine in 1944 for "best arrangement/composition for [a] dance band."[6]

He joined a music publisher in 1948 as a staff arranger and began writing for orchestras rather than dance bands.[1][6][13] In 1953, he started scoring and conducting vocal backings for Decca, his first hit being Tex Ritter's High Noon.[6][1] With Decca, he recorded over 500 titles, backed musicians such as Al Martino, and served as musical director for a number of hits.[13][14][1] In 1958, he was invited to conduct a 61-person orchestra, with whom he played his own arrangements, at Kingsway Hall in London.[2][6] That same year, he also became the main scorer for RCA's Living Strings series.[1][6][2] He subsequently began working with Ethel Gabriel of New York City's branch of RCA.[15][1] During this 25-year partnership, he scored and conducted more than 80 albums and received a gold disc for Feelings, a Living Strings record.[1][6][2]

Douglas' broadcasting career began in 1955 with BBC, where he hosted the programme In the Still of the Night, which featured his own orchestra, the Johnny Douglas Orchestra[16][1][14][5] In the 1960s, as he began moving towards film scoring, he hosted another radio show called Swing Song and arranged for stars such as Shirley Jones, Howard Keel, Vera Lynn, and Shirley Bassey.[5][13] He won an award at the Cannes Film Festival for his work on the film The Traitors (1962) and was nominated for a BAFTA for The Railway Children.[4][1][14][6] He conducted the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra for the film Dulcima (1971) and worked on 21 films for The Scales of Justice.[13][6] During the 1970s, Douglas was a frequent guest on BBC Radio 2 programmes such as Open House, Top Tunes, After Seven, The Terry Wogan Show, and Charlie Chester's Sunday Soapbox.[14][1][5]

In 1983, Douglas started Dulcima Records, a record label producing digitally recorded easy listening albums with different artists and with his own orchestra.[3][1][6][13] The name comes from the 1971 film of the same title for which he had written the score.[1] By the end of 1999, he had written and conducted his first two symphonic poems, The Conquest and The Aftermath, both recorded by an orchestra composed of his friends and colleagues.[1][14][13]

Death and legacy

Douglas died at his home in Bognor Regis on 20 April 2003 after several years of battling prostate cancer.[14] He was survived by his wife, Marion, and two daughters, Norma and Martine, and three grandchildren; his son Martin preceded him in death in 1988.[1][10][5] Douglas was married four times during his life.[10]

Following his death, Dulcima Records licensed past recordings Douglas worked on throughout his career, the ninth of which was music from The Railway Children.[13] In 2008, Dulcima acquired the rights from Sony Music and began releasing his Living Strings albums.[13]

Filmography

Douglas composed, arranged and conducted for the following selected films:

Films released postmortem include: A Cinderella Story (2004),[12] Laws of Attraction (2004),[12] Trick 'r Treat, (2009)[12] and Playing for Keeps (2012).[12]

Collaborators

During his career, Douglas worked with a range of musical artists, including Shirley Abicair, [18] Moira Anderson,[19] Bert Ambrose,[1] Shirley Bassey,[1][5] Stanley Black,[13] John Boulter,[20] June Bronhill,[16][1][21] Max Bygraves,[1] Frank Chacksfield,[13] Billy Cotton,[1] Cyril Stapleton Band,[1] Maggie Fitzgibbon,[16] Susan Hampshire,[13] Ted Heath,[1] Anne Heywood,[18] Vince Hill,[22] Frankie Howerd,[1][18] David Hughes[16] Neville Jason,[16][21] The Johnston Brothers,[18] Shirley Jones,[5] Howard Keel,[5] Elizabeth Larner,[16][23] Barbara Leigh,[16] Joe Lossm[6] Vera Lynn,[1][18][13] Ken Mackintosh,[24] Mantovani,[1][6] Alfred Marks,[13] Al Martino,[1][14][18] Chas McDevitt,[18] Kenneth McKellar,[1][13] Mike Preston,[18] Joan Regan,[6][18] Tex Ritter,[6][1] Malcolm Roberts,[13] Edmundo Ros,[1] Patricia Routledge,[13] Lita Roza,[6][18][13] Mike Sammes,[23][18] Harry Secombe,[1][13] Semprini,[13] Anne Shelton,[1][13] Barbra Streisand,[1] Jimmy Tarbuck,[13] Vico Torriani,[18] Dickie Valentine,[6][18] Frankie Vaughan,[1] David Whitfield,[25] Eric Winstone,[13] Mark Wynter,[13] Yana,[26] and Jimmy Young[13]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au McDonald, Tim (23 April 2003). "Johnny Douglas". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Musical Kaleidoscope – Volume 1". Robert Farnon Society. 2007. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  3. ^ a b "Timeless talent. Sensational scores. Magical music". Dulcima Records. n.d. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  4. ^ a b c "Composer and musical arranger who worked with the biggest names in light entertainment". The Times. 25 April 2003. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Railway Children composer dies". The Argus. 21 April 2003. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  6. ^ "Spiderman And His Amazing Friends". Dulcima Records. 2021. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  7. ^ "Spider-Man/Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends Music". Cartoonopolis. n.d. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  8. ^ Doody, Declan (8 September 2018). "Dungeons And Dragons Theme – Johnny Douglas". The Arcade. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  9. ^ a b c d "Johnny Douglas". The Independent. 24 April 2003. Archived from the original on 14 June 2022. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  10. ^ "'G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero' Soundtrack Album Released". Film Music Reporter. 21 November 2020. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z "Johnny Douglas". Turner Classic Movies. n.d. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac Camby, Norma (2009). "JOHNNY DOUGLAS BIOGRAPHY". Percy Faith. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g "Composer Johnny Douglas dies". BBC. 21 April 2003. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  14. ^ McArdle, Terence (12 April 2021). "Ethel Gabriel, trailblazing producer and executive at RCA Records, dies at 99". Washington Post. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g "Keeping Track - Dateline March 2005". Robert Farnon Society. 2005. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Johnny Douglas". BFI Filmography. n.d. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Johnny Douglas [GB1]". Secondhand Songs. n.d. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  18. ^ "Moira in Love". Dulcina Records. n.d. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  19. ^ "Carl Gresham's unbelivable singles collection". Carl Gresham. n.d. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  20. ^ a b "Noël Coward Collection" (PDF). University of Birmingham. 2019. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  21. ^ "The Railway Children – (Music from the Motion Picture)". Vince Hill. n.d. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  22. ^ "Ken Mackintosh (1925–2014)". National Jazz Archive. n.d. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  23. ^ "David Whitfield - Accompaniment directed by Johnny Douglas". Secondhand Songs. n.d. Retrieved 20 February 2022.
  24. ^ "Gossip" (PDF). World Radio History. 1956. Retrieved 20 February 2022.