|Formation||1 July 1999|
|Purpose||Relationship between governments of the United Kingdom|
|Nicola Sturgeon, First Minister of Scotland|
Mark Drakeford, First Minister of Wales
First Minister and deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland
|UK Government |
Northern Ireland Executive
|Website||GOV.UK (Cabinet Office): Intergovernmental Relations|
|This article is part of a series on|
|Politics of the United Kingdom|
|United Kingdom portal|
In the United Kingdom, the Joint Ministerial Committee (JMC), (Welsh: Y Cyd-bwyllgor Gweinidogion), is a consultative body established by a memorandum of understanding between the UK Government and devolved administrations in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It was created in 1999 by Tony Blair's Labour government. The JMC seeks to act as a focus for the coordination of the relationships between these administrations.
The terms of reference for the JMC are:
Since its creation in 1999, there have been several different JMC meeting formats. Since 2010, there have been four types: plenary, Europe, domestic and European negotiations (created following the 2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum).
The current membership of the JMC Plenary (JMC(P)) is as follows:
The following may also attend sessions of the JMC:
The JMC Plenary meetings were intended to occur at least once every year. However, no plenary meetings were held between 2002 and 2008. This was primarily because the UK, Scotland, and Wales governments were all controlled by the Labour Party, and as such ministers from the central and devolved governments could quickly and easily use informal links to coordinate policy. However, following the Scottish National Party's victory at the 2007 Scottish Parliament election this was no longer the case. So JMC Plenary meetings were re-established, though on an ad hoc basis.
Under proposals outlined by Theresa May in October 2016, the JMC Plenary was to meet on a definite annual basis and would have rotated between London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast. It would have also published an annual report on its work and hoped to foster greater formal and informal links between ministers from each (devolved) government. However, these proposals were vetoed by Sinn Féin's Martin McGuinness.
The most recent JMC Plenary was convened by Theresa May on 19 December 2018. Soon after he became Prime Minister in July 2019, Boris Johnson announced he intended to hold a JMC Plenary meeting as soon as possible.