Jolimont
PerthWestern Australia
Coordinates31°56′49″S 115°48′32″E / 31.947°S 115.809°E / -31.947; 115.809Coordinates: 31°56′49″S 115°48′32″E / 31.947°S 115.809°E / -31.947; 115.809
Population1,402 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density2,000/km2 (5,200/sq mi)
Postcode(s)6014
Area0.7 km2 (0.3 sq mi)
Location5 km (3 mi) W of Perth CBD
LGA(s)
State electorate(s)Nedlands
Federal division(s)Curtin
Suburbs around Jolimont:
Floreat Wembley Subiaco
Floreat Jolimont Subiaco
Shenton Park Daglish Daglish

Jolimont is a small western suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located within the City of Subiaco, although a small portion of the suburb is administered by the Town of Cambridge west of the CBD. The suburb is believed to be named after the Melbourne suburb of Jolimont, which was in turn named after "Jolimont" - the residence of Governor La Trobe. Its postcode is 6014.

Jolimont only has a small residential section, with most of its land area taken up with parks and sporting facilities, although its catchment area[clarification needed] takes in blocks of flats on Cambridge Street, Wembley, and the entire suburb of Daglish. The suburb has a primary school and is served by the CircleRoute, as well as being near Daglish train station.

Jolimont is home to the Matthews Netball Centre and the Pat Goodridge Hockey Centre, as well as other courts and open spaces.

Geography

Jolimont is a suburb approximately 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) west of the central business district (CBD) of Perth, the capital and largest city of Western Australia, and 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) east of the Indian Ocean. It is part of Perth affluent western suburbs. It is bounded to the north by Salvado Road, to the west by Selby Street, to the south by Dakin Street, Wilsmore Street, Roberta Street, Jersey Street and Troy Terrace, and to the east by Hay Street, Tighe Street, Upham Street and Bishop Street. To the north is Wembley, to the west is Floreat, to the south-west is Shenton Park, to the south is Daglish, and to the east is Subiaco.[2]

Jolimont lies on Spearwood Dunes, which formed around 40,000 years ago. The dunes consist of brown sand lying over yellow subsoil, with Tamala Limestone below. These dunes are part of the greater Swan Coastal Plain.[3][4] There is also a wetland in Jolimont called Jolimont Swamp, which is part of Mabel Talbot Park.[5]: 4 

History

Prior to European settlement, the area was inhabited by the Mooro group of the Whadjuk Noongar people. They were led by Yellagonga and inhabited the area north of the Swan River, as far east as Ellen Brook and north to Moore River.[6] Lakes and wetlands across the region, including within the Jolimont Swamp, were a source of food for them, and are places of spiritual importance.[6]: 4 [5]: 4 

Around the 1930s as a result of the Great Depression, camps of Aboriginal people appeared around the outskirts of Perth as these people moved to Perth in search of work. A report in 1937 recommended that a camp in Jolimont be disbanded.[6]: 6–7  A freshwater spring in the south-west of Jolimont Swamp was a permanent camp for Clara Layland, an elder and custodian of knowledge known to the Noongar people as the "Daglish granny". Other Aboriginal people camped there until the mid-20th century.[6]: 7 

Demographics

Jolimont had a population of 1,402 at the 2016 Australian census.[1] This is an increase on the 1,200 recorded at the 2011 census,[7] the 1,005 recorded at the 2006 census[8] and the 963 recorded at the 2001 census.[9] 43.4% of residents were male, and 56.6% were female. The median age was 54, which is significantly above the state average of 36. 11.6% of residents were above the age of 85.[1] The eastern part of the suburb, where the St. Ives Centro Retirement Village is located, has a median age of 81 years.[10] The area west of Jersey Street and north of Hay Street has a median age of 45,[11] and the area south of Hay Street has a median age of 34.[12]

At the 2016 census, 47.6% of Jolimont households were families, below the state average of 72.7%; 49.0% were single person households, above the state average of 23.6%; and 3.4% were group households, close to the state average of 3.8%. 65.0% of families in Jolimont at the 2016 census were a couple without children. This is significantly higher than the state average of 38.5%. 25.9% of families were a couple with children, compared to the state average of 45.3%. 6.9% of families had a single parent, compared to the state average of 14.5%.[1]

Out of the suburbs 881 private dwellings, 672 were occupied and 139 were unoccupied. Out of the occupied dwellings, 176 were detached houses, 119 were semi-detached, and 377 were flats and apartments. 52.6% of occupied dwellings had two bedrooms, whereas just 10.7% had four or more bedrooms. This compares to the state averages of 12.3% and 44.0% respectively. 29.6% of occupied dwellings were owned outright, 16.8% were owned with a mortgage, and 33.5% were rented, and 16.8% were some other tenure type. This compares to the state averages of 28.5%, 39.7%, 28.3%, and 1.1% respectively. In particular, the mortgage rate was significantly below the state average, and the other tenure type rate was significantly higher.[1]

At the 2016 census, the median weekly personal income was $831, compared to the state average of $724 and national average of $662; the median weekly family income was $1,958, compared to the state average of $1,910 and national average of $1,734; and the median weekly household income was $1,185, compared to the state average of $1,595 and the national average of $1,438. Professionals and managers were the most common professions for those employed living in Jolimont, at 37.7% and 13.8% of residents respectively. The next most common professions were community and professional service workers (10.5%), clerical and administrative workers (10.5%), and sales workers (9.2%). Blue collar professions were lowest, with technicians and trades workers at 7.2%, labourers at 7.2%, and machinery operators and drivers at 2.9%. The most common industries of employment were hospitals (except psychiatric hospitals) (7.4%), primary education (3.9%), supermarkets and grocery stores (3.5%), accounting services (3.5%), and higher education (3.3%). 35.8% of residents aged over 15 had a bachelor's degree or above, compared to the state average of 20.5%.[1]

The most common ancestries that people identified with at the 2016 census were English (30.8%), Australian (22.5%), Irish (8.5%), Scottish (8.4%), and Chinese (2.7%). 61.9% of residents were born in Australia. The next most common birthplaces were England (7.1%), India (2.8%), New Zealand (1.7%), South Africa (1.7%) and Scotland (1.5%). 39.5% of residents had both parents born overseas, and 41.5% of residents had both parents born in Australia. 78.1% of residents spoke only English at home, and 15.9% of households had a non-English language spoken. Other languages spoken included Mandarin (2.4%), French (1.1%), other southern Asian languages[n 1] (0.9%), Vietnamese (0.9%) and German (0.8%). The most common religious affiliations were no religion (31.5%), Catholic (21.3%), Anglican (20.0%) and Uniting Church (4.1%).[1]

Education

Jolimont Primary School
Jolimont Primary School

Jolimont Primary School is the only school in the suburb. This school is a public school that serves students from Kindergarten to Year 6.[14] As of 2021, it has 49 Kindergarten students and 304 students from Pre-Primary to Year 6.[15]

Upon its formation in the late 1890s, the Jolimont Progress Organisation began petitioning the Education Department for a school to be constructed in Jolimont. The Subiaco Municipal Council supported the progress organisation with this in March 1899, and in mid-1899, the Education Department approved the construction of a school in the area, and the site was soon chosen as well. It took until July 1905 for a contract for the school's construction to be awarded. It was given to J. Lake at a cost of £450 GBP. The school building was a single room brick and iron classroom of a standard design by the Public Works Department. It was completed in September 1905, and opened on 9 October 1905 to an enrolment of 15 students.[16]

The school had an average attendance of 62 by mid-1906, and so a new classroom was constructed by contractor F. L. Gurr, identical to the first one, at a cost of £349. Surrounding the school was native bushland, and the students often helped to fight fires that occurred in the bushland. By the middle of 1914, the average attendance was 112. Overcrowding lead to a "pavilion classroom" being constructed in 1916, and another in 1919. One of these was later removed in 1930. In 1921, the Jolimont Parents Association was formed, which helped with fundraising and improving the school grounds.[16][17]

In the 1930s and during World War II, the school's population remained steady, but after the end of the war, it rapidly increased. In 1946, the school leased the adjacent Jolimont Hall, and in 1948, the school was renovated and expanded. Two classrooms, a head teacher's office and a staffroom were built. The original classrooms were renovated and the corrugated iron roofs were replaced with tiles. These improvements were completed by 1950, at which time the school had an enrolment of 287. In 1955, three new classrooms were added. Over the next few decades, the number of students declined as new schools opened nearby and the demographics of the area changed. The lowest numbers were recorded in the 1980s, but they started to increase again in the 1990s. The school had several buildings constructed across the 1990s and 2000s. Transportable classrooms were installed in 1993 and 1999. An undercover assembly area, canteen and sports storerooms were built in 2000. A pavilion classroom was constructed in 2001. A new library and administration centre was constructed in 2005, along with upgrades to other facilities. More classrooms were built in 2010 as part of the federal government's Building the Education Revolution program.[16][17]

Shenton College is the nearest public high school. It has 2,582 students from Year 7 to Year 12, and is less than 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) south of Jolimont.[18][19][20]

Governance

Local

Jolimont north of Hay Street, west of Perry Lane, and north of Pollen Grove, including Henderson Park, is part of the Town of Cambridge. The rest of Jolimont is part of the City of Subiaco.[2] Within the City of Subiaco, Jolimont is part of the North Ward.[21] Councillors for the North Ward are Stephanie Stroud and Rosemarie de Vries, whose terms expire in 2023. The Mayor of Subiaco is David McMullen, whose term expires in 2025.[22] Within the Town of Cambridge, Jolimont is part of the Wembley Ward.[23] Councillors for the Wembley Ward are Kate Barlow and Alaine Haddon-Casey, whose terms expire in October 2023, and Gary Mack and Rob Fredericks, whose terms expire in October 2025. The Mayor of Cambridge is Keri Shannon, whose term expires in 2023.[24]

State and federal

For the Western Australian Legislative Assembly (lower house), Jolimont is part of the electoral district of Nedlands. This seat is part of the North Metropolitan Region of the Western Australian Legislative Council (upper house).[25] The current member for Nedlands is Katrina Stratton, of the Australian Labor Party, the main centre-left party in Australia. Prior to the 2021 election, the Liberal Party of Australia, the main centre-right party, had held the seat every year since 1950.[26] Jolimont is within the division of Curtin for the Australian House of Representatives. The member for Curtin is the Liberal Party's Celia Hammond.[27] This is a safe seat for the Liberal Party.[28] The only polling place in Jolimont is at Jolimont Primary School. This polling place tends more towards away from the Liberal Party than the rest of the district of Nedlands and the division of Curtin, but it still leans more towards the Liberal Party than the rest of the state or country.[29][30]

Transport

At the 2016 census, 58.6% of Jolimont residents travelled to work in a car, compared to the state average of 70.4%; 14.6% travelled to work on public transport, compared to the state average of 9.2%; and 5.1% walked to work, compared to the state average of 2.8%.[1]

Two major roads travel through Jolimont: Hay Street and Selby Street. Hay Street is angled east –west. Travelling on it east from Jolimont leads to Subiaco, Thomas Street, the Mitchell Freeway, and the Perth central business district (CBD). Travelling on it west leads to West Coast Highway. Selby Street is angled north –south. Travelling on it south leads to Shenton College and Claremont. Travelling on it north leads to Wembley, and eventually Innaloo and Stirling. Less major distributor roads are Salvado Road, leading east to the Mitchell Freeway and the Perth CBD, and Jersey Street, providing a link inside Jolimont.[2][38]

Public transport is provided under the Transperth brand name. The nearest railway stations to Jolimont are Shenton Park, Daglish and Subiaco railway stations, all of which are on the Fremantle line and less than 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from Jolimont. The bus routes in Jolimont are routes 28, 998 and 999. Route 28 travels between Perth Busport and Claremont station on the Fremantle line, via Hay Street.[39] Routes 998 and 999, also known as the CircleRoute, are a pair of bus routes which travel in a circle around Perth. Route 998 is clockwise, and route 999 is anticlockwise. They travel through Jolimont along Selby Street. To the south, they link up to Shenton Park station and Claremont. To the north, they lead to Innaloo and Stirling.[40] Less than 200 metres (660 ft) to the north of Jolimont is Cambridge Street, on which routes 81, 82 and 85 run. These routes lead to Perth Busport.[41]

Notes

  1. ^ "Other southern Asian languages" means all southern Asian languages excluding Dravidian and Indo-Aryan languages.[13]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "2016 Census QuickStats: Jolimont". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  2. ^ a b c UBD street directory Gregory's 2016 Perth & surrounds. 2015. ISBN 9780731930067.
  3. ^ "Geomorphology of Swan Coastal Plain". Garry Middle. Archived from the original on 17 February 2020. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  4. ^ "Swan Coastal Plain - Reading". Earth Science WA. Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 April 2021. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  5. ^ a b "Walking Subiaco: Jolimont and Daglish" (PDF). Whadjuk Trail Network. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  6. ^ a b c d Bizzaca, Kristy (February 2014). "City of Subiaco Thematic History and Framework" (PDF). City of Subiaco. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 March 2020. Retrieved 27 November 2021.
  7. ^ "2011 Census QuickStats: Jolimont". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  8. ^ "2006 Census QuickStats: Jolimont". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  9. ^ "2001 Census QuickStats: Jolimont". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  10. ^ "2016 Census QuickStats: 5104237". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  11. ^ "2016 Census QuickStats: 5104238". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  12. ^ "2016 Census QuickStats: 5104205". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  13. ^ "2901.0 - Census Dictionary, 2011". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  14. ^ "Jolimont Primary School (5226): Administration". Schools Online. Archived from the original on 3 December 2020. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  15. ^ "Jolimont Primary School (5226): Student Numbers (as at 2021 Semester 2)". Schools Online. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  16. ^ a b c "Jolimont Primary School". inHerit. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  17. ^ a b "History". Jolimont Primary School. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  18. ^ "Shenton College (4168): Local Intake Area". Schools Online. Archived from the original on 7 November 2021. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  19. ^ "Shenton College (4168): Administration". Schools Online. Archived from the original on 20 October 2020. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  20. ^ "Shenton College (4168): Student Numbers (as at 2021 Semester 2)". Schools Online. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  21. ^ "Ward areas". City of Subiaco. Archived from the original on 26 November 2021. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  22. ^ "Councillor contacts". City of Subiaco. Archived from the original on 26 November 2021. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  23. ^ "View Online Maps". Town of Cambridge. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  24. ^ "Your Mayor and Councillors". Town of Cambridge. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  25. ^ "District of Nedlands" (PDF). Electoral Boundaries WA. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 February 2021. Retrieved 26 November 2021.
  26. ^ Green, Antony. "Nedlands". ABC News. Archived from the original on 26 November 2021. Retrieved 26 November 2021.
  27. ^ "Find my electorate: Curtin". Australian Electoral Commission. Archived from the original on 26 November 2021. Retrieved 26 November 2021.
  28. ^ Green, Antony. "Curtin". ABC News. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  29. ^ a b "Nedlands District Profile and Results". Western Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  30. ^ "Curtin, WA". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  31. ^ "Nedlands District Profile and Results". Western Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  32. ^ "Nedlands District Profile and Results". Western Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  33. ^ "Nedlands District Profile and Results". Western Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  34. ^ "Jolimont – polling place". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  35. ^ "Jolimont – polling place". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  36. ^ "Polling Place – Jolimont". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  37. ^ "Polling Place – Jolimont". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 4 December 2021.
  38. ^ "Road Information Mapping System". Main Roads Western Australia. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  39. ^ "Bus Timetable 33" (PDF). Transperth. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  40. ^ "CircleRoute Timetable 200" (PDF). Transperth. Retrieved 19 February 2022.
  41. ^ "Bus Timetable 43" (PDF). Transperth. Retrieved 19 February 2022.

Further reading