OriginSouth India
Breed statusNot recognised as a breed by any major kennel club.
Height Dogs 18–22 in (46–56 cm)
Bitches 18–22 in (46–56 cm)
Weight Dogs 55–85 lb (25–39 kg)
Bitches 45–65 lb (20–29 kg)
Coat Short, dense
Color White, white with occasional black spots, black, grey, brindle
Life span 10–14 years
Dog (domestic dog)

The Jonangi, also known as Jonangi Jagilam[1] or Kolleti Jagilam[2] is an Indian dog breed, mostly found in the separated state of Andhra Pradesh, some parts of Karnataka, and all along the east coast from West Bengal to Tamil Nadu.[3] It was once abundantly found in and around Kolleru Lake in West Godavari and Krishna Districts of Andhra Pradesh. This dog has very short, smooth hair. It is used as a hunting and herding dog by people who have this breed.[4][5][6]

The Jonangi is not recognized by major kennel clubs in India, but this breed is locally shown at beach festivals in Andhra Pradesh.

Pair Guarding


The Jonangi [7] is a one-person or one-family dog. It is an agile dog, with long strides that can cover very large distances.

While a few dogs exhibit nervousness, most Jonangis make excellent working partners, guarding large farms and even houses.

They are known to coexist with farm animals such as poultry, goats, sheep and cattle.

Jonangis are known for digging decently sized ditches to lay in the dirt.

If properly socialized as puppies and trained with positive reinforcement, Jonangis grow up into confident adults. They can make excellent family companions and do well with children.

Jonangi in Ditch


Females come into heat every six months, depending on their health. Typical litter size is 3–5 puppies.

Jonangi dams are excellent mothers and take good care of their pups. Their fertility rate is in line with other Indian dog breeds


Jonangi are used for hunting small game, as a watchdog, and for herding ducks.[8]

Jonangi from Krishna District


The Jonangi was once commonly found around Kolleru Lake helping local duck farmers to herd their ducks. Farmers around Kolleru have turned towards more profitable aquaculture and the Jonangi that once helped them herd ducks no longer have a working function, and have been left in a semi-feral state to survive for themselves.

The Jonangi has developed unique fishing techniques for its survival, and is now considered a pest by local farmers, who went on killing these dogs to near-extinction.

Jonangi full worked out

Breed revival

Once found around the entire coastal region of India, this breed is now found mostly in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Goa. Lately major Asil chicken breeders and farm owners in Andhra Pradesh are interested in keeping this breed to protect their asil birds and livestock from predators.[9]

Jonangi from Konkan Coast. Courtesy: Shailesh Nabar

See also


  1. ^ "Breed Stewards: Part 2 - The Jonangi's Great Revival by Koteswara Rao Garu |". 2017-01-25. Archived from the original on 2017-03-05. Retrieved 2017-03-04.
  2. ^ "Jonangi /Kolleti Jagila". Retrieved 2017-01-11.
  3. ^ "11 Excellent but Endangered Indian Dog Breeds". Retrieved 13 March 2019.
  4. ^ Jung, Nawab Nazeer Yar. Strolling through the Jungles. Notion Press. ISBN 9789352067497. Retrieved 14 March 2019 – via Google Books.
  5. ^ "Breeds of dog in India". Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  6. ^ "Jonangi". The Times of India. April 18, 2020.
  7. ^ "Inspired Discussions: The Intrigue of the Jonangi by Monica Cassels |". 2017-02-15. Archived from the original on 2017-02-16. Retrieved 2017-03-04.
  8. ^ "Woof woof brigade set to wow Bangalore". The Times of India. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  9. ^ Rao, Soumya. "The Indian dogs that are dying out because everyone wants a Labrador". Quartz India. Retrieved 13 March 2019.