The JoongAng
Front page of JoongAng Ilbo (31 March 2015)
TypeDaily Newspaper
  • Samsung (1965–1999)
  • JoongAng Holdings Ltd. (1999–present)
Founder(s)Lee Byung-chul
PublisherChang-hee Park
FoundedSeptember 22, 1965
Political alignmentConservatism[1][2][3]
Moderate conservatism[4][5]
Centre-right[8] to right-wing[11]
Korean name
Revised RomanizationJungangilbo
JoongAng Ilbo headquarters

The JoongAng, formally known as JoongAng Ilbo (lit.'Central Daily'), is a South Korean daily newspaper published in Seoul, South Korea. It is one of the three biggest newspapers in South Korea, and a newspaper of record for South Korea. The paper also publishes an English edition, Korea JoongAng Daily, in alliance with the International New York Times.[12] It is often regarded as the holding company of JoongAng Group chaebol (a spin-off from Samsung) as it is owner of various affiliates, such as the broadcast station and drama producing company JTBC, and movie theatres chain Megabox.


It was first published on September 22, 1965, by Lee Byung-chul, the founder of Samsung Group which once owned the Tongyang Broadcasting Company (TBC).[13] In 1980, JoongAng Ilbo gave up TBC and TBC merged with KBS. JoongAng Ilbo is the pioneer in South Korea for the use of horizontal copy layout, topical sections, and specialist reporters with investigative reporting teams. Since April 15, 1995, JoongAng Ilbo has been laid out horizontally and also became a morning newspaper from then on. In 1999, JoongAng Ilbo was separated from Samsung.[14] As of March 18, 2007, it has produced a Sunday edition called JoongAng Sunday.

The paper is considered a newspaper of record in Korea.[15]

English and international issues

Main article: Korea JoongAng Daily

The Korea JoongAng Daily is the English language version of the newspaper, and it is one of three English-language daily newspapers in South Korea, along with The Korea Times and The Korea Herald.[16] It runs mainly news and feature stories by staff reporters, and some stories translated from the Korean language newspaper. The Korea JoongAng Daily is currently sold together with the International New York Times.

JoongAng Ilbo also publishes a United States edition, with branches from Toronto to Buenos Aires. Its parent company, Joongang Media Network (JMNet) holds publication rights to Korean editions of Newsweek and Forbes as well as 25% of the shares of JTBC cable TV.


Main article: Chojoongdong

JoongAng Ilbo is considered by some critics as part of Chojoongdong (CJD; 조중동), a pejorative term that refers to the three highly circulated conservative newspapers in South Korea including JoongAng Ilbo. The word is an acronym of the Chosun, Joong-ang and Dong-a Ilbo newspapers, and the grouping is seen as forming the basis of South Korea's conservative media.[17] The term was used by Hankyoreh editor Jung Yeonju (정연주) as early as October 2000.[18] Korean liberals criticize Chojoongdong primarily because of their conservative-biased editorial stances and doing business in a collusive and surreptitious manner. As of 2010, the market share of Chosun, Joong-ang and Dong-a Ilbo is 24.3%, 21.8%, and 18.3%, respectively.[19]

See also


  1. ^ Jesús Velasco, ed. (2019). The SAGE International Encyclopedia of Mass Media and Society. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 146. ISBN 9781498557580. ... We analyzed three of the most widely-circulated newspapers representing the conservative perspective, Chosun Ilbo, JoongAng Ilbo, and DongA Ilbo, together referred to as "Cho-Jung-Dong."18 Two progressive newspapers, ...
  2. ^ Hyung-Cheol Kang; Pil-Mo Jung; Seung-Sun Lee; Jung-Kun Pae; Seog-Tae Shim; June Woong Rhee; et al., eds. (2015). Understanding Journalism in Korea. CommunicationBooks. ISBN 9781483375540. ... In particular, the biggest newspaper companies, the Chosun Ilbo, the Joongang Ilbo, and the Dong-A Ilbo, are very conservative. This conservative position functions as a very strong tool of creating propaganda when combined with ...
  3. ^ Akihiro Ogawa, ed. (2017). Routledge Handbook of Civil Society in Asia. Routledge. ISBN 9781498557580. ... Choi (2005) claimed that the ideology of authoritarianism and the Cold War system was repackaged and reproduced as conservative political ideology through conservative mass media, such as Chosun Ilbo, Dong-A Ilbo, and JoongAng Ilbo. ...
  4. ^ 서울대 커리어 기자단과 함께하는 Career Story 2020. 서울대학교 경력개발센터. 2019. p. 183. ISBN 9791187538134.
  5. ^ Dal Yong Jin, Nojin Kwak, ed. (2018). Communication, Digital Media, and Popular Culture in Korea: Contemporary Research and Future Prospects. Lexington Books. pp. 125–126. ISBN 9781498562041. Joongang Ilbo is considered a more moderate conservative daily and also publishes its English edition, Korea Joongang Daily, in an alliance with the International New York Times. These big three Korean newspapers have significant influences on ...
  6. ^ "Who's Right About the New US-South Korea Joint Military Exercise?". The Diplomat. March 8, 2019. The editorial boards of the center-right JoongAng Ilbo and right-leaning Chosun Ilbo newspapers were in staunch opposition.
  7. ^ "North Korea and mounting tensions: The view from Seoul". Al Jazeera. April 14, 2017. Retrieved February 13, 2021. "A pre-emptive strike could trigger a second Korean War," wrote Kim Young-hie, a columnist for the right-of-centre JoongAng Ilbo newspaper, on Thursday.
  8. ^ [6][7]
  9. ^ "South Korea's Power Structure Hacked, Digital Trail Leads to China". Fast Company. October 19, 2010. Retrieved February 15, 2023. According to Kang Min-Seok and Lee Ka-Young of the right-wing JoongAng Ilbo newspaper — who publish an English edition in conjunction with the International Herald Tribune — numerous government memos were sent out in 2010 urging caution against potential malware hackers
  10. ^ "'The Interview' as anti-North Korean propaganda". NK News. March 9, 2015. Retrieved February 16, 2023. ... The right-wing JoongAng Ilbo compared it to "junk food" and concluded that: ...
  11. ^ [9][10]
  12. ^ "The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia". Archived from the original on October 15, 2013. Retrieved October 15, 2013.
  13. ^ "Lee Byung-Chul, Chairman of Samsung Group, passed away". Retrieved August 10, 2023.
  14. ^ Kim, Chunhyo (February 26, 2016). Samsung, Media Empire and Family. doi:10.4324/9781315669045. ISBN 9781315669045.
  15. ^ Youm, Kyu Ho; Kwak, Nojin (August 2018). "3". Korean Communication, Media, and Culture: An Annotated Bibliography (1st ed.). Lexington Books. p. 71. ISBN 978-1498583329. The prominent "big three" publications — Chosun Ilbo, Dong-A Ilbo, and Joongang Ilbo — are newspapers of record with a combined three million subscribers.
  16. ^ "Idaho Sen. Risch warns of war of 'biblical proportions' with North Korea". The Spokesman-Review. February 21, 2018.
  17. ^ Ricento, Thomas, ed. (February 2, 2015). Language Policy and Political Economy: English in a Global Context (2015 ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 175. ISBN 978-0-19-936339-1. Retrieved February 6, 2018.
  18. ^ Kim Sang-chul(김상철) (December 10, 2003). 조중동서 중앙 분리 글쎄요. Kyunghyang Shinmun (in Korean). Retrieved April 11, 2012.
  19. ^ Noam, Eli M. (2016). Who Owns the World's Media?: Media Concentration and Ownership Around the World. Oxford University Press. p. 828. ISBN 978-0-19-998723-8. Retrieved February 6, 2018.