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Iranian cities with local Jewish dialect[1]
Iranian cities with local Jewish dialect[1]

The Judeo-Iranian languages (or dialects) are a number of related Jewish variants of Iranian languages spoken throughout the formerly extensive realm of the Persian Empire. Judeo-Iranian dialects are generally conservative in comparison with those of their Muslim neighbours. Judeo-Shirazi, for example, remains close to the language of Hafez.

Like most Jewish languages, all the Judeo-Iranian languages contain great numbers of Hebrew loanwords, and are written using variations of the Hebrew alphabet. Another name used for some Judeo-Iranian dialects is Latorayi, sometimes interpreted by folk etymology as "not [the language] of the Torah". This refers to a form of the language in which the number of Hebrew and Aramaic loanwords is deliberately maximised to allow it to function as a secret code. In general, however, the number of such loanwords is small compared with that in other Jewish languages such as Yiddish or Judaeo-Spanish.[2]

The languages include:

See also

References

  1. ^ Borjian, Habib (2014). "What is Judeo-Median and how does it differ from Judeo-Persian?". The Journal of Jewish Languages. 2 (2): 117–142. doi:10.1163/22134638-12340026.
  2. ^ Habib Borjian, “Judeo-Iranian Languages,” in Lily Kahn and Aaron D. Rubin, eds., A Handbook of Jewish Languages, Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2015, pp. 234-295. [1].
  3. ^ a b "Judeo-Iranian". Archived from the original on 2016-07-29.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  4. ^ a b "Encyclopædia Iranica: Loterāʾi". Archived from the original on 2016-07-29.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  5. ^ a b "Encyclopædia Iranica: Judeo-Persian Communities of Iran x. Judeo-Persian Jargon (Loterāʾi)". Archived from the original on 2016-07-29.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  6. ^ "I Think, Therefore I Am - Original Farsi" (PDF). Archived from the original on 2016-07-25.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  7. ^ "I Think Therefore I am" (PDF). Archived from the original on 2016-03-03.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  8. ^ a b http://www.babanouri.com/En/I-Think-Therefore-I-Am.pdf[bare URL PDF]