Emblem of the Judicial General Council of Mongolia
Emblem of the Judicial General Council of Mongolia

The Judicial General Council of Mongolia (Mongolian: Монгол Улсын Шүүхийн Ерөнхий Зөвлөл, Mongol Ulsyn Shüükhiin Yerönkhii Zövlöl) is an organ of the Mongolian judiciary mandated by the Constitution of Mongolia to maintain the independence of the judiciary,[1][2] represent the Mongolian judiciary and advise on the selection and removal of judicial officers.[3]

Background

The Council consists of 5 members being appointed by the President of Mongolia.

In fulfilling its constitutional mandate, the Council submits recommendations to the State Great Khural and the President on the establishment and structure of the court system, their personnel, appointments and release of judicial officers.[4] Further, it selects and examines judicial officers, upgrades their skills and qualifications through training, and distributes budgets and controls over expenditure of funds.[5]

The Council has been at the centre of ongoing judicial reform efforts in Mongolia. It has received assistance from the United States Agency for International Development to improve budgeting, enhance the capacity of court administrators and develop a national case information database.[6] The Council has also assisted aid organizations in attempts to curb corruption within the Mongolian judiciary.[7]

Structure

The Council is currently organized in the following manner.[8]

Working division

Ethics committee

Qualifications committee

Mediation committee

References

  1. ^ Constitution of Mongolia 1992, art 49(3).
  2. ^ Alan J. K. Sanders, 'Mongolia’s New Constitution: Blueprint for Democracy' (1992) 32:6 Asian Survey 506, 518.
  3. ^ Constitution of Mongolia 1992, arts 49(4) and 51(2).
  4. ^ Jennifer L. Hanson, Nations in Transition: Mongolia (New York: Facts on File, 2004) p. 45.
  5. ^ Supreme Court of Mongolia, 'General Council of Courts', Available at: "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-09-15. Retrieved 2013-07-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) [accessed July 19, 2013].
  6. ^ United States Agency for International Development, 'Mongolia - Judicial Reform Program', Available from: http://mongolia.usaid.gov/our-work/program-archives/judicial-reform-program/ [accessed July 19, 2013].
  7. ^ Heike Gramckow and Frances Allen, Justice Sector Reform in Mongolia: Looking Back, Looking Forward (Washington DC, World Bank, 2011) p. 6.
  8. ^ Judicial General Council of Mongolia, 'Frontpage', Available from: http://www.judcouncil.mn/ [accessed July 19, 2013].