Jukti Takko Aar Gappo
Poster
Directed byRitwik Ghatak
Written byRitwik Ghatak
Produced byRita Productions, Ritwik Ghatak
StarringSee below
CinematographyBaby Islam
Edited byAmalesh Sikdar
Music byUstad Bahadur Khan
Release date
  • 30 September 1977 (1977-09-30) (Kolkata)
Running time
120 mins[1]
CountryIndia
LanguageBengali
Jukti Takko Aar Gappo scene (1 min 28 secs) (0:30) Play media Nilkantha Bagachi (character played by Ritwik Ghatak) is talking to Satyajit Basu (character played by Utpal Dutt). In this scene Bagchi is narrating that his life is wasted (like many others lives). Problems playing this file? See media help.

Jukti Takko Aar Gappo (Jukti tôkko aːr gôppo, English: Reason, Debate and a Story)[2] is a 1974 Bengali film directed by auteur of Indian cinema Ritwik Ghatak.[3] Jukti Takko Aar Gappo was Ritwik Ghatak's last film. The film was believed to have a cinematography way ahead of its time.[4] The film won National Film Award's Rajat Kamal Award for Best Story in 1974.[5]

Synopsis

In this film Ghatak plays Nilkantha Bagchi, an alcoholic, disillusioned intellectual,[6] in the character's own words "a broken intellectual". His wife leaves him taking away his books and records which were his only properties left. When Bagchi insisted she shouldn't, Durga replied that she is taking this away so that his son grows up with these books and music, but he managed to keep a fan which he sells to buy country liquor to start his unusual and abstract ride. His first companion was Naciketa, then a woman who is homeless comes to his house just when he was about to leave, she was Bongobala, a woman who has lost her homeland Bangladesh and Bagchi describes him as the spirit of Bangladesh, who was driven away from Bangladesh. He then comes across a band of artists at a remote place drinking where they discuss art, he meets Satyajit Basu, his friend who offers him Scotch to drink, which he refuses, he asks for money to which Satyajit agrees at once and gives him a bunch of notes of which he took only one and then he said "Think Think practice thinking" He then meets Jagannath Bhattacharjee, a village school teacher of Sanskrit. Jagannath's school was closed after political killings and he came to Kolkata in search of a job, Jaggannath was harassed by the kids as they called him mad he was always getting into arguments. Then they came to a village where Panchanan Ustad lived he received them and Ustad and Jaggannath had frequent arguments creating a contrast between Vedic and Folk perspectives after Nilkantha met his wife. He went into a forest where he met Naxalites, with whom he discussed Marxist history and he described them as the "cream of Bengal" misguided, successful and unsuccessful at the same time. when the police come and a shootout begins. Bagchi, after taking a bullet dies saying "Do you remember Madan the weaver he used to say will I buy raw stock from the bourgeoisie? betray all of you? By not working I have become stiff so I weave without cotton, something has to be done".

Themes

The film deals with various ideas and themes. Set against the backdrop of the first Naxalite wave of rebellion in India,[7] the film is considered to be Ghatak's autobiographical film,[8] an anti-climax.[9] Ghatak himself explained, "In it [Jukti Takko Aar Gappo] the political backdrop of West Bengal from 1971 to 1972 as I saw it has been portrayed. There is no ideology. I saw it from a point of view of not a politician. I am not supposed to please a political ideology". Ghatak was aware of a complete breakdown of moral values around him, especially among the younger generation. He tried to portray these issues in this film (and also in his unfinished film Sei Vishnupriya).[10] Ghatak, both in real life and in this film, tried to find some meaning for the political and cultural turmoil overtaking his country.[4]

Imagery

In an interview Ghatak mentioned that "The Great Mother Image" in its duality exists in every aspects of our being, and he incorporated this image into films like Meghe Dhaka Tara and Jukti Takko Aar Gappo.[11]

Allegorical characters

The characters in this film have been portrayed allegorically.

Credits

Cast

Others

Technical team

Soundtrack

The following songs appear in the film's soundtrack, scored by Ustad Bahadur Khan:

  1. Keno cheye achho go Ma (singer Sushil Mallick and Debabrata Biswas)
  2. Amar onge onge ke bajaye banshi (Rabindra Sangeet)
  3. Namaz aamar hoilo na adaay
  4. Chhau dance
  5. Janti gachhe janti phal je

Reception

Screenings in different festivals

Accolades

In a 2012 poll conducted by Sight & Sound, 2 critics and 2 directors (including Amit Dutta) included the film on their respective lists of "The Greatest Films of All Time", hence making it the 322nd best film according to the Director's poll (a rank it shares with Subarnarekha).[15]

Sources

References

  1. ^ "Reason, Debate and a Story (Jukti Takko Ar Gappo)". harvard.edu. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2012.
  2. ^ Peter Schepelern (2010). Filmleksikon. Gyldendal A/S. pp. 324–. ISBN 978-87-02-04523-9. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
  3. ^ "Click here to find out more! Reason, Debate and a Story (1974)". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Baseline & All Movie Guide. Archived from the original on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
  4. ^ a b Aristides Gazetas (9 April 2008). An Introduction to World Cinema. McFarland. pp. 326–. ISBN 978-0-7864-3907-2. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
  5. ^ "Na22nd National Film Awards" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
  6. ^ "Reason, Debate and a Story (1974) Acting Credits". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Baseline & All Movie Guide. Archived from the original on 30 January 2013. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
  7. ^ "Stammer, Mumble, Sweat, Scrawl, and Tic" (PDF). Raqs Media Collective. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
  8. ^ Bhaskar Sarkar (29 April 2009). Mourning the Nation: Indian Cinema in the Wake of Partition. Duke University Press. pp. 201–. ISBN 978-0-8223-4411-7. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
  9. ^ India International Centre (1 September 2010). Water: Culture, Politics and Management. Pearson Education India. pp. 44–. ISBN 978-81-317-2671-6. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
  10. ^ Ghatak, Ritwik (1987). Cinema and I. Ritwik Memorial Trust.
  11. ^ Ghatak, Ritwik. Cinema and I. Ritwik Memorial Trust. p. 78.
  12. ^ Shampa Banerjee (1985). Profiles, five film-makers from India: V. Shantaram, Raj Kapoor, Mrinal Sen, Guru Dutt, Ritwik Ghatak. Directorate of Film Festivals, National Film Development Corp. ISBN 978-81-201-0007-7. Retrieved 20 July 2012.
  13. ^ "After internship with Ghatak and flops with Prosenjit, Tapan Saha goes big with bilingual". Telegraph, Calcutta. 20 May 2009. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 May 2017. Retrieved 30 April 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "Votes for JUKTI TAKKO AR GAPPO (1974)". Retrieved 10 March 2019.