|Jukti Takko Aar Gappo|
|Directed by||Ritwik Ghatak|
|Written by||Ritwik Ghatak|
|Produced by||Rita Productions, Ritwik Ghatak|
|Edited by||Amalesh Sikdar|
|Music by||Ustad Bahadur Khan|
Jukti Takko Aar Gappo (Jukti tôkko aːr gôppo, English: Reason, Debate and a Story) is a 1974 Bengali film directed by auteur of Indian cinema Ritwik Ghatak. Jukti Takko Aar Gappo was Ritwik Ghatak's last film. The film was believed to have a cinematography way ahead of its time. The film won National Film Award's Rajat Kamal Award for Best Story in 1974.
In this film Ghatak plays Nilkantha Bagchi, an alcoholic, disillusioned intellectual, in the character's own words "a broken intellectual". His wife leaves him taking away his books and records which were his only properties left. When Bagchi insisted she shouldn't, Durga replied that she is taking this away so that his son grows up with these books and music, but he managed to keep a fan which he sells to buy country liquor to start his unusual and abstract ride. His first companion was Naciketa, then a woman who is homeless comes to his house just when he was about to leave, she was Bongobala, a woman who has lost her homeland Bangladesh and Bagchi describes him as the spirit of Bangladesh, who was driven away from Bangladesh. He then comes across a band of artists at a remote place drinking where they discuss art, he meets Satyajit Basu, his friend who offers him Scotch to drink, which he refuses, he asks for money to which Satyajit agrees at once and gives him a bunch of notes of which he took only one and then he said "Think Think practice thinking" He then meets Jagannath Bhattacharjee, a village school teacher of Sanskrit. Jagannath's school was closed after political killings and he came to Kolkata in search of a job, Jaggannath was harassed by the kids as they called him mad he was always getting into arguments. Then they came to a village where Panchanan Ustad lived he received them and Ustad and Jaggannath had frequent arguments creating a contrast between Vedic and Folk perspectives after Nilkantha met his wife. He went into a forest where he met Naxalites, with whom he discussed Marxist history and he described them as the "cream of Bengal" misguided, successful and unsuccessful at the same time. when the police come and a shootout begins. Bagchi, after taking a bullet dies saying "Do you remember Madan the weaver he used to say will I buy raw stock from the bourgeoisie? betray all of you? By not working I have become stiff so I weave without cotton, something has to be done".
The film deals with various ideas and themes. Set against the backdrop of the first Naxalite wave of rebellion in India, the film is considered to be Ghatak's autobiographical film, an anti-climax. Ghatak himself explained, "In it [Jukti Takko Aar Gappo] the political backdrop of West Bengal from 1971 to 1972 as I saw it has been portrayed. There is no ideology. I saw it from a point of view of not a politician. I am not supposed to please a political ideology". Ghatak was aware of a complete breakdown of moral values around him, especially among the younger generation. He tried to portray these issues in this film (and also in his unfinished film Sei Vishnupriya). Ghatak, both in real life and in this film, tried to find some meaning for the political and cultural turmoil overtaking his country.
In an interview Ghatak mentioned that "The Great Mother Image" in its duality exists in every aspects of our being, and he incorporated this image into films like Meghe Dhaka Tara and Jukti Takko Aar Gappo.
The characters in this film have been portrayed allegorically.
The following songs appear in the film's soundtrack, scored by Ustad Bahadur Khan:
In a 2012 poll conducted by Sight & Sound, 2 critics and 2 directors (including Amit Dutta) included the film on their respective lists of "The Greatest Films of All Time", hence making it the 322nd best film according to the Director's poll (a rank it shares with Subarnarekha).