Julian Alps
V Julijci imena.jpg
The Eastern Julian Alps and Mount Triglav
Highest point
PeakTriglav
Elevation2,864 m (9,396 ft)
Coordinates46°23′N 13°50′E / 46.383°N 13.833°E / 46.383; 13.833
Geography
Alps location map (Julijske Alpe).png
Julian Alps (in red) within the Alps.
The borders of the range according to
Alpine Club classification of the Eastern Alps
CountriesItaly and Slovenia
Range coordinates46°20′N 13°45′E / 46.333°N 13.750°E / 46.333; 13.750Coordinates: 46°20′N 13°45′E / 46.333°N 13.750°E / 46.333; 13.750
Parent rangeSouthern Limestone Alps

The Julian Alps (Slovene: Julijske Alpe, Italian: Alpi Giulie, Venetian: Alpe Jułie, Friulian: Alps Juliis) are a mountain range of the Southern Limestone Alps that stretch from northeastern Italy to Slovenia, where they rise to 2,864 m at Mount Triglav, the highest peak in Slovenia and of the former Yugoslavia. A large part of the Julian Alps is included in Triglav National Park. The second highest peak of the range, the 2,755 m high Jôf di Montasio, lies in Italy.[1]

The Julian Alps cover an estimated 4,400 km2 (of which 1,542 km2 lies in Italy). They are located between the Sava Valley and Canale Valley. They are divided into the Eastern and Western Julian Alps.

Name

The Julian Alps were known in antiquity as Alpe Iulia, and also attested as Alpes Juliana c. AD 670, Alpis Julia c. 734, and Alpes Iulias in 1090.[2] Like the municipium of Forum Julii (now Cividale del Friuli) at the foot of the mountains, the range was named after Julius Caesar of the Julian clan,[2][3] perhaps due to a road built by Julius Caesar and completed by Augustus.[4]

Eastern Julian Alps

Triglav from Debela Peč
Triglav from Debela Peč

There are many peaks in the Eastern Julian Alps over 2,000 m high, and they are mainly parts of ridges. The most prominent peaks are visible by their height and size. There are high plateaus on the eastern border, such as Pokljuka, Mežakla, and Jelovica.

The main peaks by height are the following:

Western Julian Alps

The Western Julian Alps cover a much smaller area, and are located mainly in Italy. Only the Kanin group lies in part in Slovenia. The main peaks by height are:

View from Mangart toward east (from left to right: Ponca, Špik, Mojstrovka, Škrlatica, Razor, Prisojnik, Travnik, Triglav, Kanjavec, Jalovec, Lepo Špičje

Passes

The Julian Alps seen from the Vršič Pass
The Julian Alps seen from the Vršič Pass

Important passes of the Julian Alps are:

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Julian Alps | mountains, Europe".
  2. ^ a b Snoj, Marko (2009). Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan. pp. 44–45.
  3. ^ Smith, William (1857). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, vol. 2. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company. p. 102.
  4. ^ Waring, Samuel Miller (1819). The Traveller's Fire-Side; a Series of Papers on Switzerland, the Alps, Etc. London: Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy. pp. 30–31.