Julian Kennedy
Julian Kennedy, c. 1914
BornMarch 15, 1852
DiedMay 28, 1932
OccupationEngineer and inventor
Spouse(s)Jennie E. Kennedy
Parent(s)Thomas Walker Kennedy and Margaret (Trusdale) Kennedy

Julian Kennedy (March 15, 1852 - May 28, 1932) was an American engineer and inventor, known for his national and international contributions to the steel industry.[citation needed] He was awarded the ASME Medal in 1928.

Biography

Kennedy was born in Poland in 1852, the eldest of the seven sons of Thomas Walker Kennedy and Margaret (Trusdale) Kennedy. His father was a prominent constructive engineer, inventor, designer and builder of blast furnaces.[1]

After the Poland Seminary, he attended the Sheffield Scientific School, where he obtained his Bachelor of Philosophy in 1875. Later in 1900 he further obtained his MSc degree, and in 1909 his PhD from the Stevens Institute of Technology.[citation needed]

Kennedy started his career Morse Bridge of Henry G. Morse and his brother Charles James Morse. Kennedy was superintendent for the company from 1879 to 1883.[2] Afterwards he moved to the Carnegie Brothers and Company at Homestead, later Carnegie Brothers and Company, where he was General superintendent from 1885 to 1888.

For another two years he was chief engineer at Latrobe Steel Works in Ligonier, Pennsylvania, before settling as independent consulting engineer in 1890 in Pittsburgh. He consulted many of the major steel plant in the United States and Europe. As a steel consultant, Kennedy helped launch the Russia steel industry with the construction of the Nikopul' Providence Steel Mill in 1896. In 1907, Kennedy built the first Indian steel mill for Tata industries, earning the nickname, "Father of Asian Steel." As such, Kennedy was a major figure in the growth and success of steel in four of the World's top ten producers: India, USA, Russia, and Ukraine.[citation needed]

In 1904, Kennedy served as the president of the Pennsylvania women's suffrage group, the Allegheny County Equal Rights Association (ACERA).[3]

Personal life

Kennedy married Jennie E. Breneman in 1878 and the couple had several children who were popular in social circles in Pittsburgh.[1] Jennie Kennedy was a clubwoman and a prominent suffragist in the Pittsburgh area.[4][1] Their daughters, Lucy Kennedy Miller and Eliza Kennedy Smith, also both became prominent 20th-century American suffragists[5][6][7][8][9][10]

Publications

Publications about Julian Kennedy
Patents, a selection[11]

References

  1. ^ a b c Jordan, John W. (1916). Encyclopedia of Pennsylvania Biography: Illustrated. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Co. pp. 2254–2256.
  2. ^ 6 Mile Creek Road Bridge; West Haven Bridge, at historicbridges.org. Accessed 09-05-2017.
  3. ^ Leach, Roberta J. (July 1984). "Jennie Bradley Roessing and the Fight for Woman Suffrage in Pennsylvania". Western Pennsylvania History. 67 (3): 192 – via Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania.
  4. ^ Orban, Michael; Everly, Patricia (1996). "Recreating a Suffragette Parade". Carnegie Museums. Retrieved 2021-03-22.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ "Valiant Women of the Vote: Refusing to be Silenced," in "Women's History Month." Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Senate, retrieved online July 9, 2021.
  6. ^ "Lucy Kennedy Miller," in "PGHSuffrage100." Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Pittsburgh Suffrage Centennial Committee, Office of the Mayor, 2020.
  7. ^ "Lucy Kennedy Miller," in "100th Anniversary of Women’s Suffrage, 1920-2020." Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Office of State Senator Judith L. Schwank, 2020.
  8. ^ "Lucy Kennedy Miller Fund." Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Pittsburgh Daily Post, December 12, 1919, p. 5.
  9. ^ Pitz, Marylynne. "A roll call of Western Pa. suffrage trailblazers." Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 13, 2020.
  10. ^ "Mrs. Miller Makes Speech." Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Pittsburgh Daily Post, June 25, 1919, p. 18.
  11. ^ For a more complete listing of about 90 patents, see here.