Julius Hirschberg (1843-1925)
Julius Hirschberg (1843-1925)

Julius Hirschberg (18 September 1843 – 17 February 1925) was a German ophthalmologist and medical historian. He was of Jewish ancestry.[1][2]

In 1875, Hirschberg coined the term "campimetry" for the measurement of the visual field on a flat surface (tangent screen test) [3] and in 1879 he became the first to use an electromagnet to remove metallic foreign bodies from the eye.[4] In 1886, he developed the Hirschberg test for measuring strabismus.[4] His series Geschichte der Augenheilkunde (History of Ophthalmology), nine volumes written from 1899 to 1917, is considered by some to be one of his greatest achievements.[5]

Selected publications


  1. ^ Bernard Lewis, Islam in History: Ideas, People, and Events in the Middle East, Open Court (2011), p. 143
  2. ^ Geoffrey Cocks, Treating Mind and Body: Essays in the History of Science, Professions, and Society Under Extreme Conditions, Transaction Publishers (1998), p. 175
  3. ^ The age of isopter perimetry at webeye.ophth.uiowa.edu
  4. ^ a b Manage Account - Modern Medicine at www.ophthalmologytimes.com
  5. ^ (Julius Hirschberg (1843-1925), ophthalmologist an...(Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd. 1976) - PubMed Result at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov