Juruena River
Juruena River 2009.jpg
Juruenarivermap.png
Amazon Basin with the Juruena River highlighted
Juruena River is located in Brazil
Juruena River
Location
CountryBrazil
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationParecis plateau, Mato Grosso, Brazil
MouthTapajós River
 • location
AmazonasMato Grosso border, Brazil
 • coordinates
7°21′01″S 58°08′18″W / 7.35028°S 58.13833°W / -7.35028; -58.13833Coordinates: 7°21′01″S 58°08′18″W / 7.35028°S 58.13833°W / -7.35028; -58.13833
Length1,240 km (770 mi)[1]
Basin size191,780.7 km2 (74,046.9 sq mi)[2]
Discharge 
 • locationConfluence of Teles Pires
 • average4,458.513 m3/s (157,450.9 cu ft/s)[3]
Basin features
Tributaries 
 • leftVermelho River, Juína-Mirim River, Camararé River, Juína River, Bararati River
 • rightSão Tomé River, São João da Barra River, Arinos River, Do Sangue River, Papagaio River

The Juruena River (Portuguese: Rio Juruena) is a 1,240 km (770 mi) long river in west-central Brazil, in the state of Mato Grosso.

Course

The Juruena originates in the Parecis plateau.[4] Within Mato Grosso the river defines the eastern boundary of the 227,817 hectares (562,950 acres) Igarapés do Juruena State Park, created in 2002.[5] For the last 190 km (120 mi) of its lower part the river becomes the border between the states Mato Grosso and Amazonas.[4] In this section the river forms the boundary between the Sucunduri State Park to the west in Amazonas and the Juruena National Park to the east in Mato Grosso.[6] In the north of this section it forms the boundary between the Bararati Sustainable Development Reserve in Amazonas and the Apiacás Ecological Reserve in Mato Grosso.[7]

The Juruena finally joins the Teles Pires river to form the Tapajós river, which is one of the biggest tributaries to the Amazon River. The Juruena River is not fully navigable due to its many waterfalls and rapids.[4][1] The river is known for the Salto Augusto Falls.

References

  1. ^ a b Ziesler & Ardizzone 1979.
  2. ^ "Rivers Network". 2020.
  3. ^ "Rivers Network". 2020.
  4. ^ a b c Encyclopædia Britannica.
  5. ^ PES Igarapés do Juruena – ISA, Informações gerais (mapa).
  6. ^ PES do Sucunduri – ISA.
  7. ^ RDS Bararati – ISA, Informações gerais.

Sources