Keshava Parasaran
MP of Rajya Sabha (Nominated)
In office
29 June 2012 – 28 June 2018
Attorney General for India
In office
9 August 1983 – 8 December 1989
Prime MinisterIndira Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
Preceded byL.N. Sinha
Succeeded bySoli Sorabjee
Solicitor General of India
In office
6 March 1980 – 8 August 1983
Prime MinisterIndira Gandhi
Preceded bySoli Sorabjee
Succeeded byMilon K. Banerji
Advocate General of Tamil Nadu
In office
Preceded byGovind Swaminadhan
Succeeded byV. P. Raman
Personal details
Born (1927-10-09) 9 October 1927 (age 95)
Srirangam, Tamil Nadu, India
Shrimati Saroja Parasaran
(after 1949)
ChildrenTwo daughters and three sons, including Mohan Parasaran
Parent(s)R. Kesava Aiyangar (father)
Shrimati Ranganayaki (mother)
EducationB.A. (Economics), Presidency College, Chennai
B.L., Law College, Madras
AwardsPadma Bhushan(2003), Padma Vibhushan(2011)

Keshava Parasaran (born 9 October 1927) is a lawyer from India. He was Advocate General of Tamil Nadu during President's rule in 1976, Solicitor General of India under the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and then, Attorney General of India under Prime Ministers Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi between 1983 and 1989, till the end of Rajiv Gandhi's tenure. Parasaran was awarded the Padma Bhushan in the year 2003 and Padma Vibhushan in the year 2011. In June 2012, he received a presidential nomination to the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of India's parliament, for a period of six years.[1][2] He is a member of Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Kshetra. In 2019 the Central Government appointed him to lead the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Kshetra. However later, Mahant Nritya Gopal Das was appointed to lead the trust. The trust will oversee the construction of Ram Temple in Ayodhya.[3]

Early life and education

Born in Srirangam district of Tamil Nadu, Parasaran is the son of Kesava Iyengar, a lawyer, and Shrimati Ranganayaki. While pursuing his BL (now, BA. LLB), he was awarded the Shri Justice C.V. Kumaraswami Sastri Sanskrit Medal and Justice Shri V. Bhashyam Iyengar Gold Medal in Hindu Law. During the Bar Council examination, he received the Justice Shri K.S. Krishnaswamy Iyengar Medal.[1]


Parasaran began his legal practice before the Supreme Court in 1958. He defended the National Judicial Appointments Commission in 2014, as a member of the Rajya Sabha. In a career spanning over six decades, Parasaran is known for his contribution in the following landmark cases:

Sabarimala case

In the Sabarimala case, Parasaran defended the Nair Service Society by arguing that the ban restricting the entry of menstruating women in the Sabarimala Temple is right. He recited paragraphs from the Ramayana to explain the concept of Naishtika Brahmacharya, that is, the celibate nature of the deity, Ayyappan.[4]

Ayodhya land dispute case

Parasaran successfully fought the Ayodhya land dispute case for the Hindu parties.[5][6] Furthremore, he has been named as a trustee in the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Kshetra.[5] He was described as "Pitamah of Indian Bar" by Sanjay Kishan Kaul for his contribution.[6]

Personal life

In 1949, he married Saroja, and has three sons, Mohan Parasaran, who was Solicitor General of India during the Congress led UPA 2 Government, Balaji Parasaran, and Satish Parasaran and two daughters.[1][4]



  1. ^ a b c Roy, Debayan (18 October 2019). "Parasaran, the 'pitamah' of Indian lawyers got his wish when Ayodhya hearings ended". ThePrint. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  2. ^ "Meet K Parasaran, the 93-year-old Advocate For Hindus Whose Spiritual Connect With Ram Kept Him Going". News18. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  3. ^ "Ministry of Home Affairs notifies temple trust; RSS, VHP members kept out". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 5 February 2020. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 6 February 2020.((cite news)): CS1 maint: others (link)
  4. ^ a b "At 92, key face in Ayodhya case K Parasaran is a trusted voice of many governments". The Indian Express. 12 August 2019. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  5. ^ a b Express Web Desk (6 February 2020). "Who is K Parasaran?". The Indian Express.
  6. ^ a b Roy, Debayan (18 October 2019). "Parasaran, the 'pitamah' of Indian lawyers got his wish when Ayodhya hearings ended". The Print.
  7. ^ "K Parasaran, 'Pitamaha' of India Bar, emerges hero in Ayodhya land dispute case". Retrieved 24 November 2019.
  8. ^ "Parasaran, Vittal, Natarajan among Padma awardees". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 26 January 2011. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 24 November 2019.((cite news)): CS1 maint: others (link)
  9. ^ "M Venkaiah Naidu presents Most Eminent Senior Citizen Award to K Parasaran | DD News". Retrieved 24 November 2019.