KMJ
KMJ NewsTalk580-105.9 logo.png
Broadcast areaCentral California
Frequency580 kHz
BrandingKMJ Now
Programming
FormatNews/Talk
AffiliationsWestwood One
Ownership
OwnerCumulus Media Inc.
(Cumulus Licensing LLC)
KMJ-FM
History
First air date
1922
Technical information
Facility ID26923
ClassB
Power50,000 watts
Transmitter coordinates
36°39′33″N 119°20′47″W / 36.65917°N 119.34639°W / 36.65917; -119.34639 (main antenna)
36°41′37″N 120°3′16″W / 36.69361°N 120.05444°W / 36.69361; -120.05444 (auxiliary antenna)
Repeater(s)105.9 KMJ-FM (Fresno)
Links
WebcastListen Live
Websitewww.kmjnow.com

KMJ (580 AM) is a commercial radio station in Fresno, California. It airs a news/talk radio format, simulcast with sister station 105.9 KMJ-FM. Owned by Cumulus Media, the studios and offices are located at the Radio City building on Shaw Avenue in North Fresno.

The transmitter site is in Orange Cove, California, on East American Avenue at Cove Road.[1] While AM 580 is a Regional broadcast frequency, the station is powered at 50,000 watts, the highest power for an AM station permitted by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). To protect other stations on AM 580, KMJ uses a four-tower array directional antenna. The signal covers most of Central California and reaches into the Bay Area, Sacramento and Bakersfield. KMJ is Central California's primary entry point station in the Emergency Alert System.

Programming

KMJ-AM-FM focus primarily on locally produced talk programming and news on weekdays. Mornings begin with an agricultural news hour, followed by "Fresno's Morning News", a three-hour block of news, sports, traffic and weather. Middays and afternoons feature local talk hosts. Several nationally syndicated programs are carried at night, including Mark Levin, Armstrong & Getty, Red Eye Radio and America in The Morning from Westwood One, a subsidiary of Cumulus Media, the parent company of KMJ-AM-FM.

Weekends feature shows on money, health, real estate, auto repair and dining. Some shows are paid brokered programming. Weekend hosts include Chris Plante, Chad Benson and Ric Edelman. Local newscasters are heard at the beginning of most hours, with Westwood One News carried at night.

History

Early Years

KMJ is one of the oldest radio stations in the United States. On December 1, 1921, the U.S. Department of Commerce, in charge of radio at the time, adopted a regulation formally establishing a broadcasting station category, which set aside the wavelength of 360 meters (833 kHz) for entertainment broadcasts, and 485 meters (619 kHz) for market and weather reports.[2] On March 23, 1922 the San Joaquin Light and Power Corporation was issued a license with the randomly assigned call letters KMJ, for a new Fresno station operating on the 360 meter "entertainment" wavelength.[3] A few months later the station was also authorized to broadcast weather reports[4] on 485 meters.[5] The lack of available broadcasting frequencies meant that many localities had to allocate time slots between multiple timesharing stations. However, because there were no other area stations, KMJ had unrestricted hours. (Until 1936, and the arrival of KARM, KMJ was the only radio station in Fresno.) KMJ remains one of only a few dozen stations to keep its original three-letter call sign from its founding.

In late 1923 KMJ was reassigned to 1100 kHz,[6] which was changed to 1210 in early 1924,[7] to 1280 kHz a year later,[8] and to 820 kHz in mid-1927.[9] On November 11, 1928, as part of the implementation of a major nationwide reallocation under the provisions of the Federal Radio Commission's General Order 40, KMJ was reassigned to a "local" frequency, 1200 kHz.[10] The next year this was changed to another "local" frequency, 1210 kHz.[11]

In 1925 ownership was changed to The Fresno Bee,[12] which was part of the McClatchy Newspaper Company chain of newspapers.

Signal Upgrade

McClatchy was intent on improving KMJ's coverage, and competed with KTAB in Oakland (now KSFO San Francisco) for reassignment to 580 kHz, a "regional" frequency, which was being made available by the Federal Radio Commission. Eventually, KMJ was awarded the new channel, and the station moved to 580 kHz, effective July 22, 1932, with a power increase from 100 to 500 watts, with unlimited time.[13] Later, power was boosted to 1,000 watts, using a non-directional antenna from a building rooftop in Downtown Fresno.

Network Affiliation

In 1936 KMJ was one of four central California radio stations owned by the McClatchy Broadcasting Company[14]
In 1936 KMJ was one of four central California radio stations owned by the McClatchy Broadcasting Company[14]

The station was an affiliate of the Don Lee Network, and also carried CBS Radio Network broadcasts until 1936, when KMJ switched its affiliation to the NBC Red Network. It remained an NBC affiliate until NBC ceased hourly newscasts in the 1990s. KMJ then joined ABC. When CBS was acquired by the Westinghouse Electric Corporation (later be renamed CBS Corporation), CBS Radio acquired KMJ from American Radio Systems in 1998. It then began carrying CBS News at the beginning of most hours.

"Modern" studios were constructed as an addition to the Fresno Bee Building on Van Ness Avenue. The studios were subsequently used by Valley Public Radio, and later, McClatchy donated the entire building to the Fresno Metropolitan Museum. The radio studio addition was demolished in 2007, as part of a renovation of the main building.

At the outset of World War II, the Department of War selected KMJ as the primary medium for alerting Central California residents. It is still used for this purpose today as a primary entry point for the Emergency Alert System.

From 1925 until 1987, KMJ was owned by McClatchy, which also owned KFBK in Sacramento, KBEE in Modesto, KERN in Bakersfield, and KKOH (formerly KOH) in Reno. McClatchy Newspapers also owned three daily newspapers in Fresno, Sacramento, and Modesto.

FM and TV Stations

In 1949, KMJ gained a sister station with KMJ-FM 97.9 MHz going on the air. At first, it simulcast 580 KMJ. It later played classical music and then switched to an automated Top 40 sound in the 1970s. Today it is KMGV. In 1953, a television station was added, KMJ-TV on Channel 24. Because KMJ Radio was a longtime NBC affiliate, Channel 24 carried NBC Television Network programming. The TV station was sold off in 1981 to become KSEE.

In November 2006, KMJ and its sister stations KFPT AM 790, KWYE FM 101.1, KSKS FM 93.7, KFJK FM 105.9, KOQO FM 101.9 and KMGV FM 97.9 were sold by CBS Radio to Peak Broadcasting for $90 million.

Adding KMJ-FM

In March 2009, as more listeners were tuning to FM radio, Peak Broadcasting decided to put KMJ on the FM band. It replaced the KFJK Jack FM format on 105.9 FM, with Talk programming as KMJ-FM. At first, only some programs were shared by both KMJ-AM and FM. But now, all programming is simulcast.

In the fall of 2012, Premiere Radio Networks, owned by Clear Channel Radio, exercised a termination clause and ended its relationship with KMJ-AM-FM. As of January 1, 2013, all Premiere syndicated shows, including Rush Limbaugh and Sean Hannity, were moved to Clear Channel-controlled stations in the greater Fresno area. KMJ-AM-FM used the opportunity to go with an all live and local line-up of shows from 5 A.M. until 6 P.M., Monday through Friday.

Ownership Changes

On August 30, 2013, a deal was announced in which Townsquare Media would purchase Peak Broadcasting, and then immediately swap Peak's Fresno stations, including KMJ, to Cumulus Media in exchange for Cumulus' stations in Dubuque, Iowa and Poughkeepsie, New York. The deal was part of Cumulus' acquisition of Dial Global. Peak, Townsquare, and Dial Global are all controlled by Oaktree Capital Management.[15][16]

The sale to Cumulus was completed on November 14, 2013.[17] Under Cumulus ownership, KMJ-AM-FM became affiliates of co-owned Westwood One News.

Transmitter

In 1936, the station constructed a 5,000-watt non-directional transmitter site which utilized a 5/8 wave antenna located 5 miles east of Fresno at the northeast corner of the Kings Canyon Road and Fowler Avenue intersection.[citation needed]

In 1941, Hammer Field (which later became Fresno Air Terminal) was constructed, as a training base for the Army Air Corps. The KMJ tower was directly in line with the runway, and the Army wanted the site relocated. The transmitter was then moved some 16 miles west of Fresno, to the intersection of Madera and North Avenues in Kerman. The transmitter building was moved to the Kerman site, and the existing tower was unstacked and moved as well; however, it was only 660 feet in height. The remaining 330 feet were stored on the site, with the intention of creating a directional array, although World War II interrupted the project and it never resumed. The extra portion was eventually moved to Sacramento, and used in the construction of the KFBK transmitter site in 1945.[citation needed]

Later, a new directional array was built in Orange Cove, California. However the station retained the single-tower Kerman site. As of 2019 it is not registered as an auxiliary transmit location, so the station must file for an STA if it wishes to transmit from the old tower.[18] This most recently occurred in September 2013 when a Special Temporary Authority (STA) was granted by the FCC that authorized KMJ to use the auxiliary site in Kerman at 5,000 watts, while one of its directional antennas at the 50,000 watt site in Orange Cove underwent repairs.[19]

KMJ uses a 50,000 watt transmitter into a directional antenna consisting of 4 mast radiators situated at 36-39-37.2 N 119-20-52.8 W, 36-39-29.2 N 119-20-52.8 W, 36-39-27.9 N 119-20-48.3 W, 36-39-36.5 N 119-20-47.1 W; each of the towers is 256.1 metres (840 ft) tall. Due to its location near the bottom of the AM dial, KMJ's daytime signal decently covers much of the Central Valley, as far north as Sacramento and as far south as Bakersfield. Much of the San Francisco Bay Area gets a city-grade signal.

References

  1. ^ Radio-Locator.com/KMJ-AM
  2. ^ "Amendments to Regulations", Radio Service Bulletin, January 3, 1922, page 10.
  3. ^ "New Stations", Radio Service Bulletin, April 1, 1922, page 3.
  4. ^ "Stations Broadcasting Market or Weather Reports and Music, Concerts, Lectures, Etc. Alphabetically by Call Letters, Licensed Up to March 1, 1923", Radio Service Bulletin, April 2, 1923, page 16.
  5. ^ "Alterations and Corrections", Radio Service Bulletin, July 1, 1922, page 9.
  6. ^ "Alterations and Corrections", Radio Service Bulletin, November 1, 1923, page 8.
  7. ^ "Alterations and Corrections", Radio Service Bulletin, April 1, 1924, page 9.
  8. ^ "Alterations and Corrections", Radio Service Bulletin, March 2, 1925, page 7.
  9. ^ "Broadcasting Stations by Wavelengths" (effective June 15, 1927), Radio Service Bulletin, May 31, 1927, page 11.
  10. ^ "Revised list of broadcasting stations, by frequencies, effective 3 a. m., November 11, 1928, eastern standard time", Second Annual Report of the Federal Radio Commission (June 30, 1928), page 214.
  11. ^ "Alterations and Corrections", Radio Service Bulletin, September 30, 1929, page 9.
  12. ^ "Alterations and Corrections", Radio Service Bulletin, August 1, 1925, page 6.
  13. ^ "Local Gets Boost", Broadcasting, August 1, 1932, page 26.
  14. ^ McClatchy Broadcasting (advertisement), Broadcasting, September 15, 1936, page 29.
  15. ^ "Official: Cumulus Buys Dial Global, Spins Some Stations To Townsquare; Peak Stations Sold To Townsquare, Fresno Spun To Cumulus". All Access. August 30, 2013. Retrieved August 30, 2013.
  16. ^ "Cumulus Makes Dial Global And Townsquare Deals Official". RadioInsight. August 30, 2013. Retrieved August 30, 2013.
  17. ^ "Cumulus-Townsquare-Peak Deal Closes". All Access. November 15, 2013. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
  18. ^ https://transition.fcc.gov/fcc-bin/amq?list=0&facid=26923[bare URL]
  19. ^ "Engineering STA". United States Federal Communications Commission, audio division. Archived from the original on 2014-03-23. Retrieved 2013-11-06.