KSUH
KSUH-AM logo.png
Broadcast areaTacoma, Washington
Frequency1450 kHz
BrandingRadio Hankook
Programming
Language(s)Korean
FormatK-pop/News
Ownership
OwnerRadio Hankook, Inc.
KWYZ
History
First air date
December 1, 1951
Former call signs
KAYE (?–1974)
KUPY (1974–1981)
KJUN (1981–1996)
KKBY (1996–1997)[1]
Call sign meaning
Jean J. Suh, station owner
Technical information
Facility ID32339
ClassC
Power1,000 watts (unlimited)
Transmitter coordinates
47°10′41″N 122°16′24″W / 47.17806°N 122.27333°W / 47.17806; -122.27333
Links
Webcasthttp://50.222.186.230:8080/stream
Websiteradiohankook.com

KSUH (1450 AM, "Radio Hankook") is a U.S. radio station licensed to serve Puyallup, Washington. The station, which began broadcasting in 1951, is currently owned by Radio Hankook, Inc. Jean Suh, owner of Radio Hankook, is a pioneer in Korean-language radio programming in the United States.

Programming

KSUH broadcasts a mix of Korean language programming to the northern Seattle metropolitan area in a simulcast partnership with sister station KSUH (1450 AM).[2][3] In addition to South Korean popular music (also known as "K-pop"), Radio Hankook airs up to six hours of daily talk radio programming, including local and South Korean news, information for recently-arrived immigrants from South Korea, and community affairs.[2][4] Other programming includes a program for children in both Korean and English plus a short twice-daily show for all ages that aims to teach basic English language skills.[2][4]

History

The beginning

This station began regular broadcasting on December 1, 1951, with just 100 watts of power on a frequency of 1450 kHz.[5] Licensed with call sign KAYE, the station was owned and operated by Clarence E. Wilson.[5] By early 1953, KAYE had upgraded to 250 watt operation and Clarence E. Wilson took on P.D. Jackson as a partner in station ownership.[6]

Gone country

Puyallup Valley Broadcasting Company acquired KAYE from Wilson and Jackson in April 1953.[7] This proved short-lived as by 1957 the broadcast license had been transferred to Henry Perozzo's Radio Station KAYE, Inc.[8]

The sale by Radio Station KAYE, Inc., to KAYE Broadcasters, Inc., was completed on March 27, 1966.[9] The station continued the country & western music format even after a 1974 change in call sign to KUPY.[10] KUPY was owned then by local sports legend Bud Blair who was the voice of Puyallup High School sports as well as Pacific Lutheran University. Radio veteran Bill Glass lists this station as his first radio job.

In July 1978, KAYE Broadcasters, Inc., reached an agreement to sell this station to Shortsleeve Broadcasting, Inc. The deal was approved by the FCC on July 3, 1978, and the transaction was consummated on October 12, 1978.[11] The station aired a country & western music format with weekly specialty shows, including one in the German language and one on Native American issues.[12]

In October 1981, Shortsleeve Broadcasting, Inc., contracted to sell KUPY to Monroe Enterprises, Inc. The deal was approved by the FCC on December 11, 1981.[13] The new owners had the Federal Communications Commission change the station's call sign to KJUN on December 23, 1981.[1]

In June 1986, Monroe Enterprises, Inc., announced a deal to sell KJUN to 777 Broadcasting, Inc. The deal was approved by the FCC on August 15, 1986, and the transaction was consummated on September 5, 1986.[14]

In June 1990, 777 Broadcasting, Inc., agreed to sell this station to Joy Broadcasting, Inc. The deal was approved by the FCC on August 1, 1990, and the transaction was consummated on October 31, 1990.[15] In 1992, the station's classic country format was linked up as a network, with stations KJUN-FM, KWYZ in Everett, KENU in Enumclaw, KLDY in Olympia and KBLV in Bellevue simulcasting it. The network would be disbanded in early 1996 due to financial issues, with all stations being put up for sale. Joy Broadcasting bought KJUN, and would continue the classic country format. As part of a rebranding of the station's format as "The Cowboy", Joy had the FCC change the station's call sign to KKBY on August 16, 1996.[1][16]

KSUH today

In February 1997, Joy Broadcasting, Inc., contracted to sell KKBY to Jean J. Suh. The deal was approved by the FCC on April 4, 1997, and the transaction was finally consummated on August 3, 1999.[17] New owner Jean J. Suh had the FCC change the station's call sign to KSUH after her family name on September 15, 1997.[1] Suh applied to the FCC in October 2002 to transfer the broadcast license for this station to her company, Radio Hancook, Inc. The transfer was approved by the FCC on November 15, 2002, and the transaction was consummated on December 1, 2003.[18]

Jean J. Suh worked for five years as an actress as South Korea's Korean Broadcasting System before emigrating to the United States in 1964.[19] While studying at Columbia College Hollywood in 1965, Suh began hosting a 30-minute weekly program of music and news in Korean on a Los Angeles radio station. In 1966 the program was extended to one hour per week and in 1967 to two hours each weekday. In 1970, Suh and two financial partners launched an independent Korean-language radio station in Los Angeles, the first in the United States.[19] Suh purchased KKBY (now KSUH) in 1997 and KWYZ (1230 AM) in 1999 to cover the southern and northern halves of the greater Seattle metropolitan area, respectively, as Korean-language "Radio Hankook".[4][19]

Controversy

Studio location

Faced with financial difficulties and mounting debts, station owner Jean J. Suh moved KSUH and sister station KWYZ out of their rented studios in a commercial area of Federal Way, Washington, to her private residence in May 2000.[20] This sparked protests from neighbors, visits from city code enforcement officers, and a public campaign by the station to force the city to allow the studios to remain in Suh's home.[20] Ultimately, the city prevailed in the face of growing community frustration and the stations moved out of the home in late April 2001.[20][21]

FCC issues

During a series of inspections by agents from the FCC's Seattle office carried out over the period from March 2001 to November 2001, they found that KSUH had failed to "have operational Emergency Alert System (EAS) equipment" and "to conduct required monthly and weekly EAS tests", failed to "post the ASR number on or near the base of" its broadcast tower, and failed to paint or maintain the tower to ensure "good visibility" in violation of FCC rules.[21] After a January 2002 notice of these violations, licensee Jean J. Suh told the FCC that the station had modified its EAS equipment for automatic operation and that she did not own the KSUH tower but was leasing it from the station's previous license holder.[21][22] The FCC issued a "notice of apparent liability" against Suh for violations by KSUH and sister station KWYZ on August 28, 2002, for a combined total of $22,000.[21][23] After determining that Suh did not own the KSUH tower, they reduced the penalty to $10,000 in late August 2003.[21][22][23]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Call Sign History". FCC Media Bureau CDBS Public Access Database.
  2. ^ a b c Phuong Cat Le (July 18, 2001). "Spreading the news to thriving Korean community; Vigorous media give growing population in area both cohesion and a link to home". Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
  3. ^ "Station Information Profile". Arbitron. Retrieved April 20, 2009.
  4. ^ a b c Virgin, Bill (June 10, 1999). "Korean-language stations a resource for immigrants". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. p. C6.
  5. ^ a b "Directory of the AM and FM stations of the United States". 1952 Broadcasting Yearbook. Washington, DC: Broadcasting Publications, Inc. 1952. p. 296.
  6. ^ "Directory of the AM and FM stations of the United States". 1953 Broadcasting Yearbook. Washington, DC: Broadcasting Publications, Inc. 1953. p. 308.
  7. ^ "Directory of AM and FM stations and Market Data of the United States". Broadcasting-Telecasting 1955 Yearbook-Marketbook Issue. Washington, DC: Broadcasting Publications, Inc. 1955. p. 326.
  8. ^ "Directory of AM and FM Stations and Market Data for the United States". 1957 Broadcasting Yearbook-Marketbook. Washington, DC: Broadcasting Publications, Inc. 1957. p. 273.
  9. ^ "Directory of AM and FM Radio stations in the U.S.". 1967 Broadcasting Yearbook. Washington, DC: Broadcasting Publications, Inc. 1967. p. B-176.
  10. ^ "Directory of AM and FM Radio Stations in the United States and Canada". Broadcasting Yearbook 1975. Washington, DC: Broadcasting Publications, Inc. 1975. p. C-204.
  11. ^ "Application Search Details (BAL-19780717ED)". FCC Media Bureau. October 12, 1978.
  12. ^ "Directory of Radio Stations in the United States and Canada". Broadcasting Yearbook 1979. Washington, DC: Broadcasting Publications, Inc. 1979. p. C-236.
  13. ^ "Application Search Details (BAL-19811021FQ)". FCC Media Bureau. December 11, 1981.
  14. ^ "Application Search Details (BAL-19860626FH)". FCC Media Bureau. September 5, 1986.
  15. ^ "Application Search Details (BAPL-19900608EF)". FCC Media Bureau. October 31, 1990.
  16. ^ Freinwald, Clay (April 1997). "Clay's Corner". Waveguide. Seattle, Washington: Society of Broadcast Engineers - Chapter 16.
  17. ^ "Application Search Details (BAL-19970220ED)". FCC Media Bureau. August 3, 1999.
  18. ^ "Application Search Details (BAL-20021023AAO)". FCC Media Bureau. December 1, 2003.
  19. ^ a b c Limb Jae-un (November 23, 2004). "A pioneering voice for Korean-Americans". JoongAng Daily.
  20. ^ a b c Derr, Erik (January 15, 2001). "Radio broadcasts from home at issue". Seattle Times.
  21. ^ a b c d e "Forfeiture Order (File No. EB-01-ST-091)". Federal Communications Commission. August 29, 2003.
  22. ^ a b "August 2003". Radio News Web. August 30, 2003.
  23. ^ a b "$10,000 EAS Fine for Suh". Radio World. August 29, 2003.