Class 61
KTM class 61.jpg
In service2021–present
ManufacturerCRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive
Number built52 cars (13 sets)
Formation4 per trainset
  • 360 (218 seats) for regional model
  • 200 seats for long-distance model
Operator(s)Keretapi Tanah Melayu
Train length93.5 metres (306 ft 9 in)
Width2.75 metres (9 ft 0 in)
Height3.87 metres (12 ft 8 in)
Maximum speed
  • 140 km/h (87 mph) (design)
  • 120 km/h (75 mph) (service)
Weight176.92 t
Axle load≤ 14 t
Acceleration0.8 m/s2 (2.6 ft/s2)
Track gauge1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in) metre gauge

The KTM Class 61 is a diesel multiple unit operated by Keretapi Tanah Melayu for KTM Intercity services on non electrified sections of the KTM West Coast railway line and the KTM East Coast railway line.


Hitachi and Kisha Seizo-built Railcar used in the 1960s and 1970s
Hitachi and Kisha Seizo-built Railcar used in the 1960s and 1970s

The idea of using DMUs is not new to KTMB. In 1960, the company operated diesel railcars on short distance services.[1] The railcars operated in multiple unit formation until the mid 1970s, when they were converted into trailers and coupled with conventional diesel locomotives.[2] In the 1980s, KTM ordered railbuses for similar services, but these services ended in the 1990s. Secondhand DMUs were also proposed for KTM Komuter services to make up for the shortage of EMUs,[3] but in the end, the new KTM Class 92 train sets were ordered instead.


In 2015, the Business Times reported that KTMB had signed a deal for DMUs with Majestic Engineering, in which the DMUs will be supplied by CRRC.[4] KTMB confirmed its intentions to get DMUs in 2016, pointing out its higher speeds compared to locomotive hauled trains[5] In 2017, KTMB formally announced the procurement of 13 DMUs along with 9 ETS sets from CRRC.[6]

The trains were constructed from 2018 to 2020 by CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive. The first two sets were built in CRRC’s factory in Zhuzhou, China whereas the remaining eleven were built in CRRC’s factory in Batu Gajah, Malaysia.[7]


The trains have a design speed of 140 km/h (87 mph) and are expected to operate at up to 120 km/h (75 mph).[8] They are equipped with graphene-based supercapacitors for storing braking energy and two MAN powerpacks.[8][7] The diesel engines can be replaced with fuel cells to reach zero emissions operation.[8][7] The trains are fitted with a Wireless Train Tracker tool for location detection.[9]

Since the trains are used on non-upgraded sections where platform heights are lower, the trains are fitted with retractable steps to aid passengers in boarding. The train bodies themselves are specified to meet the European EN15227 crashworthiness standard.[9]


The trains feature digital passenger information systems, a prayer room and a light catering bar.[9] Nine of the 13 trainsets will have one-third of a vehicle dedicated to carrying parcels and have commuter style seating i.e. a combination of transverse and longitudinal seating layouts. Such trains are meant for regional services such as the Shuttle Timur service. The remaining four sets have 2+2 transverse seating and are meant for long distance travel.

Service history

The trains were speculated to enter service from 1 October 2020, on the Ekspres Selatan from Gemas to JB Sentral as online bookings reflected the new train’s seating arrangement. However, this did not eventuate.[10] When in service, they are expected to cut journey times as their operating speed of 100 km/h is higher than the average speed of existing trains which is at 50–60 km/h.[11]

KTMB held a launch party for the new trains for 11 April 2021, inaugurating DMU service between Tumpat, Gua Musang and Kuala Lipis.[12] From 21 February 2022, the trains were fully utilised on the east coast line with the opening of shuttle timuran 35up/38dn from Kuala Lipis to Gemas.[13]


  1. ^ "Pin by Pei Yi on Paper Prints | Vintage travel posters, Vintage train, Vintage posters". Pinterest. Retrieved 2020-09-01.
  2. ^ Twitter Retrieved 2020-09-01. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ "KTM Update: Diesel Multiple Units (DMUs) for KTM Komuter". Transit Malaysia. 2009-10-21. Retrieved 2020-09-01.
  4. ^ Kaur, Sharon (21 April 2015). "Majestic Engineering in RM350m deal with KTMB?". Business Times.
  5. ^ "East Coast Line to get faster trains to Kelantan - KTMB -". Paul Tan's Automotive News. 2016-02-26. Retrieved 2020-09-01.
  6. ^ Team, NSTP (2018-04-03). "Nine new ETS trains purchased, ready roll in November". New Straits Times. Retrieved 2020-09-01.
  7. ^ a b c "New CRRC DMU on test in Malaysia". International Railway Journal. 2019-05-16. Retrieved 2020-08-30.
  8. ^ a b c "HMU in Malaysia". CRRC ZELC EUROPE. Retrieved 2020-08-30.
  9. ^ a b c 2018-05-24T15:21:22+01:00. "Graphene supercapacitor DMU fleet takes shape". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 2020-08-30.
  10. ^ "KTM 61 Class DMU | CRRC Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co., Ltd. | KTM Diesel Multiple Unit (DMU) Train Seating Plans & Ticket Booking | KTM Diesel Multiple Unit (DMU) Pelan Tempat Duduk & Tempahan Tiket | JB Sentral, Kluang, Gemas, Jerantut, Taman Negara, Kuala Lipis, Gua Musang, Krai, Pasir Mas, Wakaf Bharu, Kota Bharu, Tumpat". RailTravel Station. Retrieved 2021-04-13.
  11. ^ "KTMB eastern region all set to run DMU trains | Malay Mail". Malay Mail. 14 June 2020. Retrieved 2020-09-01.
  12. ^ "Faster, smoother rail travel". The Star. Retrieved 2021-04-13.
  13. ^ "KTM Launches Gemas-Kuala LIpis DMU train from 21 february 2022". language=en. Retrieved 2023-01-13.