Kadoka, South Dakota
Motto(s): 
"Gateway To The Badlands"
Location in Jackson County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 43°50′7″N 101°30′44″W / 43.83528°N 101.51222°W / 43.83528; -101.51222Coordinates: 43°50′7″N 101°30′44″W / 43.83528°N 101.51222°W / 43.83528; -101.51222
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Dakota
CountyJackson
Founded1906[1]
Area
 • Total2.31 sq mi (5.99 km2)
 • Land2.29 sq mi (5.92 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.07 km2)
Elevation
2,467 ft (752 m)
Population
 • Total654
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
717
 • Density313.79/sq mi (121.13/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
57543
Area code(s)605
FIPS code46-33180
GNIS feature ID1261905[5]
Websitewww.kadokasd.com
Correspondence from US Indian Service about Kadoka children at school in Rapid City, 1912
Correspondence from US Indian Service about Kadoka children at school in Rapid City, 1912

Kadoka is a city in, and the county seat of, Jackson County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 745 at the 2020 census. The town occupies about 2.3 square miles.

History

Kadoka got its start in 1906 when the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad was extended to that point.[6] The town was designated county seat of the newly formed Jackson County in 1915.[7]

Geography and climate

Kadoka is located at 43°50′7″N 101°30′44″W / 43.83528°N 101.51222°W / 43.83528; -101.51222 (43.835290, -101.512333).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.32 square miles (6.01 km2), of which 2.29 square miles (5.93 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water.[9]

Kadoka has been assigned the ZIP code 57543 and the FIPS place code 33180.

Climate data for Kadoka, South Dakota
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 75
(24)
75
(24)
87
(31)
96
(36)
105
(41)
111
(44)
117
(47)
113
(45)
108
(42)
97
(36)
84
(29)
72
(22)
117
(47)
Average high °F (°C) 37.5
(3.1)
39.4
(4.1)
49.2
(9.6)
61.1
(16.2)
71.0
(21.7)
81.5
(27.5)
90.7
(32.6)
88.8
(31.6)
77.3
(25.2)
62.3
(16.8)
47.3
(8.5)
38.9
(3.8)
62.1
(16.7)
Average low °F (°C) 15.9
(−8.9)
17.2
(−8.2)
25.8
(−3.4)
35.6
(2.0)
45.1
(7.3)
55.5
(13.1)
62.7
(17.1)
59.5
(15.3)
49.4
(9.7)
36.8
(2.7)
24.8
(−4.0)
17.5
(−8.1)
37.2
(2.9)
Record low °F (°C) −35
(−37)
−42
(−41)
−29
(−34)
1
(−17)
15
(−9)
32
(0)
37
(3)
32
(0)
20
(−7)
−8
(−22)
−25
(−32)
−32
(−36)
−42
(−41)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.50
(13)
0.77
(20)
1.58
(40)
2.44
(62)
2.58
(66)
2.33
(59)
2.06
(52)
1.52
(39)
1.67
(42)
0.98
(25)
0.73
(19)
0.36
(9.1)
17.52
(445)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 5.5
(14)
5.2
(13)
10.3
(26)
3.6
(9.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1.7
(4.3)
4.9
(12)
3.1
(7.9)
34.3
(87)
Source: [10]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910222
192034153.6%
193038512.9%
194046420.5%
195058425.9%
196084043.8%
1970815−3.0%
19808322.1%
1990736−11.5%
2000706−4.1%
2010654−7.4%
2019 (est.)717[4]9.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 654 people, 291 households, and 160 families residing in the city. The population density was 285.6 inhabitants per square mile (110.3/km2). There were 350 housing units at an average density of 152.8 per square mile (59.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 81.2% White, 0.5% African American, 13.3% Native American, and 5.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.2% of the population.

There were 291 households, of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.0% were non-families. 40.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.94.

The median age in the city was 44.5 years. 24.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.4% were from 25 to 44; 25.1% were from 45 to 64; and 24.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.9% male and 53.1% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 706 people, 293 households, and 172 families residing in the city. The population density was 305.0 people per square mile (118.0/km2). There were 356 housing units at an average density of 153.8 per square mile (59.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.99% White, 0.14% African American, 13.03% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.14% from other races, and 2.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.28% of the population.

There were 293 households, out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.0% were non-families. 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.6% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 21.4% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 22.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,875, and the median income for a family was $31,167. Males had a median income of $26,818 versus $18,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,758. About 10.5% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.0% of those under age 18 and 13.4% of those age 65 or over.

Kadoka Airport

The City of Kadoka owns and operates the Kadoka airport. The airport has two turf runways. It is not entirely fenced so pedestrian traffic may approach the taxiways. The airport is located in the eastern part of the town near the Kadoka school athletic facilities.

Depot Museum

The town has a museum that occupies the building that used to be the train station. It is only open from 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. on certain days of the week.

See also

References

  1. ^ "SD Towns" (PDF). South Dakota State Historical Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-02-10. Retrieved 2010-02-13.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Kadoka
  6. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1940). South Dakota place-names, v.1-3. University of South Dakota. p. 43. Archived from the original on 2016-05-08.
  7. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). Historical Gazetteer of the United States. Routledge. p. 990. ISBN 978-1135948597. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
  10. ^ "KADOKA, SOUTH DAKOTA - Climate Summary". wrcc.dri.edu. Retrieved July 30, 2021.
  11. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 23, 2013.

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