Kafr Hawr

كفر حور

Kafr Hawar
Kafr Hawr
Kafr Hawr
Location in Syria
Coordinates: 33°21′00″N 35°58′00″E / 33.35000°N 35.96667°E / 33.35000; 35.96667Coordinates: 33°21′00″N 35°58′00″E / 33.35000°N 35.96667°E / 33.35000; 35.96667
Country Syria
GovernorateRif Dimashq
 (2004 census)[1]
 • Total2,957
Time zoneUTC+3 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (EEST)

Kafr Hawr (Arabic: كفر حور‎; also spelled Kafr Hawar or Kafr Hur) is a Syrian village situated 35 kilometres (22 mi) southwest of Damascus.[2][3] According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics, the village had a population of 2,957 in the 2004 census.[1]

The village is built into the side of a hill near Mount Hermon, just north of modern-day Hinah, which was an ancient settlement mentioned by Ptolemy as being called Ina.[4] It sits opposite a village called Beitima across a valley through which flows the River 'Arny.[5]

Korsei el-Debb Roman temple

There is a Roman temple in the area called Korsei el-Debb that is one of a group of Temples of Mount Hermon.[6] Félicien de Saulcy suggested the temple was originally constructed entirely of white marble. A marble block was found featuring a dedication to a goddess called Hierapolis (also identified as Atargatis and Leukothea).[7][8]


In 1838, Eli Smith noted Kafr Hawr as a predominantly Sunni Muslim village.[9]


  1. ^ a b General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Rif Dimashq Governorate. (in Arabic)
  2. ^ Great Britain. Naval Intelligence Division (1920). A handbook of Syria: including Palestine. H.M. Stationery Office. Retrieved 23 September 2012.
  3. ^ May M. Hourani; Charles M. Heyda; United States Board on Geographic Names; United States Defense Mapping Agency (1983). Gazetteer of Syria: names approved by the United States Board on Geographic Names. Defense Mapping Agency. Retrieved 23 September 2012.
  4. ^ Sir George Adam Smith; John George Bartholomew (1915). Atlas of the Historical Geography of the Holy Land. Hodder & Stoughton. Retrieved 23 September 2012.
  5. ^ Palestine Exploration Fund (1920). Quarterly statement - Palestine Exploration Fund. Retrieved 23 September 2012.
  6. ^ Ted Kaizer (2008). The Variety of Local Religious Life in the Near East In the Hellenistic and Roman Periods. BRILL. pp. 76–. ISBN 978-90-04-16735-3. Retrieved 23 September 2012.
  7. ^ A. Chaniotis; T. Corsten; R. S. Stroud; R. A. Tybout (30 August 2006). Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum. Brill Academic Pub. ISBN 978-90-04-15508-4. Retrieved 23 September 2012.
  8. ^ Götz Schmitt (1995). Siedlungen Palästinas in griechisch-römischer Zeit. Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag. ISBN 978-3-88226-820-1. Retrieved 23 September 2012.
  9. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, 2nd appendix, p. 139