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Kainuu Sami
Native toFinland
Extinctby ca. 1800
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)

Kainuu Sami is an extinct Sámi language that was once spoken in Kainuu. It became extinct in the 18th century when the Kainuu Sámi likely assimilated to the culture of the growing Finnish population. Kainuu Sámi belonged to the Eastern Sámi language group.[citation needed]

In his review of Jaakko Anhava's book Maailman kielet ja kielikunnat ("Languages and language groups of the world", 1998), researcher of Finno-Ugric languages Tapani Salminen stated that the idea of the existence of a Kainuu Sami language that is separate from Kemi Sami is not well reasoned.[1]

The original inhabitants of Kainuu were Sámi hunter-fishers. In the 17th century, the Governor General of Finland Per Brahe fostered the population growth of Kainuu by giving a ten-year tax exemption to settlers. It was considered necessary at the time by Finnish authorities to populate Kainuu with Finnish farmers because control over the area was threatened from the east by Russians. Those who settled in Kainuu were mainly from Savonia, which caused the Kainuu dialect of Finnish to very closely resemble the Savo dialect.


  1. ^ Salminen, Tapani (2000). Uusi suomenkielinen kokonaisesitys maailman kielistä. Virittäjä, No. 1. Page 154. PDF. Retrieved 2022-2-9.