काळा राम मंदिर
|Deity||Rama, Sita, and Lakshmana|
|Festival||• Rama Navami Diwali|
|Ecclesiastical or organisational status||Active|
|Governing body||Shri Kalaram mandir sansthan, Nashik|
Kalaram mandir in Nashik
|Materials||Balck stone, chalk|
|Elevation||577 m (1,893 ft)|
The Kalaram Temple is a temple in Nashik of Nashik district in Maharashtra, dedicated to the deity Rama. It is a temple situated in Panchavati area of the Nashik.
The temple derives its name from a black statue of Rama. The literal translation of kalaram is "black Rama". The sanctum sanctorum also houses the statues of the goddess Sita and the god Lakshmana. Thousands of devotees visit the temple every day.
Main article: History of Nashik
The original temple of Rama was very old, estimated to be of the Rashtrakuta Period from 7th to 11th centuries. However, antiquity of the Rama idol threw light on the fact that it was more than 2000 years old. The original temple was destroyed by Muslim rulers and it remained in demolished condition. However, during the first Islamic attack on the temple, the idol of the deity was thrown in the Godavari River by the Temple Brahmins in order to save it. The new temple was funded by Sardar Rangarao Odhekar, and was rebuilt around 1788. Once, Odhekar had a dream that the statue of Rama in black colour was in the Godavari River.He carried out expedition of reviving the idol and miraculously got it. Odhekar took the statue from river and built the temple. Odhekar's expedition is an important part of Nashik's history. There is a statue of Sardar Odhekar in the temple.
According to ancient epic of the Ramayana, Rama was sent in exile for fourteen years. After the tenth year of exile, Rama along with Lakshmana and Sita, lived for two and half years on the northern bank of the Godavari near Nasik. This place is known as Panchavati.
The temple came middle of the conflict caused by Satyagraha organised and led by B.R. Ambedkar. Now it is known as Kalaram mandir satyagraha. Ambedkar organised a large protest outside this temple on 2 March 1930, in order to enter into the temple. Many dalit protesters arrived to the town by trucks, they surrounded the temple and sat around it. They sang songs, often raised war cries, demanded to enter in the temple. The people of Nashik boycotted the protesters. On the day of Rama Navami 9 April 1930, the dalit protesters tried to stop the temple ratha yatra; fights and stone pelting began in-between Hindus and dalit protesters, later Ambedkar reached at the riot spot, he and other all the protesters suffered minor injuries. Somehow a protester named Bhaskar Kendre broke the police cordon who were protecting the temple and enter in it and fell on the floor. This satyagraha ran till 1935.
The main entrance has a Hanuman deity which is black. There is also a very old tree that has Dattatreya's footprint impressions marked on a stone. Pilgrims visit the Kapaleshwar Mahadev temple near the Kalaram Temple.
Hanuman's temple is designed in such a way that, Rama's idol can be visible from Hanuman's idol.
Main temple of Rama has 14 steps, which represents 14 years of Rama's exile.
Also, the temple has 84 pillars, which represents cycle of 84 lakh species one has to go in order to get human birth.
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