Kalpana Dutta (কল্পনা দত্ত)
Personal details
Born(1913-07-27)27 July 1913
Boalkhali, Bengal Province, British India (now Chittagong, Bangladesh)
Died8 February 1995(1995-02-08) (aged 81)
Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Political partyCommunist Party of India
SpousePuran Chand Joshi
ProfessionIndian independence movement activist, revolutionist

Kalpana Datta (27 July 1913 – 8 February 1995), also Kalpana Joshi, was an Indian independence movement activist and a member of the armed independence movement led by Surya Sen, which carried out the Chittagong armoury raid in 1930.[1] Later she joined the Communist Party of India and married Puran Chand Joshi, the general secretary of the party in 1943.[2]

Early life

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Kalpana Datta (also commonly spelled Dutta) was born Kalpana Rani Dattagupta in a Bengali Baidya family of Sripur,[3] a village of Chittagong District in the Bengal Province of British India (Sripur is now located in Boalkhali Upazila in Bangladesh). Her father Binod Behari Dattagupta was a government employee. After passing her matriculation examination in 1929 in Chittagong, she went to Calcutta and joined the Bethune College to study science. Soon, she joined the Chhatri Sangha (Women Students Association), a semi-revolutionary organization in which Bina Das and Pritilata Waddedar were also active members.[4]

Armed independence movement

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The Chittagong armoury raid was carried out on 18 April 1930.[5] Kalpana joined the "Indian Republican Army, Chattagram branch," the armed resistance group led by Surya Sen, in May 1931. In September 1931 Surya Sen entrusted her along with Pritilata Waddedar to attack the European Club in Chittagong. A week before the attack, she was arrested while carrying out reconnaissance of the area. She went into hiding after her release on bail. On 16 February 1933, the police encircled their hiding place in Gairala village. During this raid, Surya Sen was arrested but Kalpana managed to escape. To free Surya she tried to bomb the jail but failed.[6]

Kalpana was finally arrested on 19 May 1933.[7] In the second supplementary trial of the Chittagong armoury raid case, Kalpana was sentenced to transportation for life. She was released in 1939.[citation needed]

Later life

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Kalpana Datta graduated from the Calcutta University in 1940 and joined the Communist Party of India. She served as a relief worker during the 1943 Bengal famine and during the Partition of Bengal.[8] She wrote an autobiographical book in Bengali "চট্টগ্রাম অস্ত্রাগার আক্রমণকারীদের স্মৃতিকথা" which was translated into English by Arun Bose & Nikhil Chakraborty with a preface by her husband Com. P. C. Joshi, a communist leader, as "Chittagong Armoury Raiders: Reminiscences," published in English in October 1945.[9][10] In 1946, she contested in the elections for the Bengal Legislative Assembly as a Communist Party of India candidate from Chittagong but could not win.

Later, she joined the Indian Statistical Institute where she worked until her retirement. She died in Calcutta on 8 February 1995.[8]

Personal life

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In 1943, she married the then general secretary of the Communist Party of India, Puran Chand Joshi. They had two sons: Chand and Suraj. Chand Joshi (1946–2000) was a noted journalist, who worked for the Hindustan Times. He was also known for his work, Bhindranwale: Myth and Reality (1984). Chand's wife Manini (née Chatterjee) penned a book on the Chattagram armoury raid, titled, Do and Die: The Chattagram Uprising 1930-34.[11]

Artistic depictions

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In 2010, Deepika Padukone starred as Kalpana Datta and Abhishek Bachchan starred as Surya Sen, in a Hindi movie, Khelein Hum Jee Jaan Sey, which dealt with the Chittagong armoury raid and its aftermath.[citation needed]

Another movie, Chittagong, was released on 12 October 2012, based on the uprising. It was produced and directed by Bedabrata Pain, an ex-NASA scientist.[citation needed]

References

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  1. ^ Chandra, Bipan; Mukherjee, Mridula; Mukherjee, Aditya; Mahajan, Sucheta; Panikkar, K.N. (2016) [First published 1987]. India's Struggle for Independence (Revised and updated ed.). Penguin Books. p. 253. ISBN 978-0-14-010781-4.
  2. ^ "Kalpana Joshi, 81; Struggled for India". The New York Times. 26 February 1995. Archived from the original on 10 December 2010. Retrieved 19 May 2010.
  3. ^ Sailesh Kumar Bandyopadhyay (2012), "Dutta, Kalpana", in Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.), Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh
  4. ^ Jain, Simmi (2003). Encyclopaedia of Indian Women through the Ages. Vol. 3. Delhi: Kalpaz Publications. p. 106. ISBN 81-7835-174-9.
  5. ^ Chandra, Bipan; Mukherjee, Mridula; Mukherjee, Aditya; Mahajan, Sucheta; Panikkar, K.N. (2016) [First published 1987]. India's Struggle for Independence (Revised and updated ed.). Penguin Books. p. 252. ISBN 978-0-14-010781-4.
  6. ^ "Surya Sen Trial: Revolvers Identified". The Indian Express. Calcutta. Free Press Of India. 23 June 1933. p. 22. Retrieved 7 January 2022.
  7. ^ "Kalpana Dutt Caught At Last". The Indian Express. Chittagong: Free Press Of India. 19 May 1933. p. 6. Retrieved 7 January 2022.
  8. ^ a b Nikhil Chakravartty, Kalpana Dutt's obituary in Mainstream, 18 February 1995.
  9. ^ Dutt, Kalpana. চট্টগ্রাম অস্ত্রাগার আক্রমণকারীদের স্মৃতিকথা (in Bengali). ISBN 8185459657. OCLC 882444567.
  10. ^ Dutt, Kalpana (1979). Chittagong Armoury Raiders: Reminiscences. Peoples̕ Publishing House. OCLC 831737120.
  11. ^ "This above All". The Tribune. 5 February 2000. Retrieved 19 May 2010.
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