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Kamal Thapa
कमल थापा
Chairman of RPP NEPAL
Assumed office
February 2022
Preceded byPosition created
Deputy Prime Minister of Nepal
In office
7 June 2017 – 15 February 2018
PresidentRam Baran Yadav
Prime MinisterSher Bahadur Deuba
Preceded byBimalendra Nidhi
Succeeded byIshwar Pokhrel
In office
12 October 2015 – 4 August 2016
PresidentRam Baran Yadav
Prime MinisterKP Sharma Oli
Preceded byPrakash Man Singh
Succeeded byBimalendra Nidhi
Minister of Energy
In office
17 October 2017 – 14 February 2018
PresidentBidya Devi Bhandari
Prime MinisterSher Bahadur Deuba
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
12 October 2015 – 4 August 2016
PresidentRam Baran Yadav
Prime MinisterKP Sharma Oli
Succeeded byPrakash Sharan Mahat
Minister of Home Affairs
In office
June 2006 – April 2007
MonarchGyanendra of Nepal
Succeeded byKrishna Prasad Sitaula
Personal details
Born (1955-08-04) 4 August 1955 (age 66)
Makwanpur District, Nepal
Political partyRastriya Prajatantra Party Nepal (RPP-N)
Residence(s)Kathmandu, Nepal

Kamal Thapa (Nepali: कमल थापा; born 4 August 1955) is a Nepalese politician belonging to Rastriya Prajatantra Party Nepal.

Thapa, has served as a Deputy Prime Minister and Federal Affairs and Local Development. Thapa is also the president of Nepal's Hindu nationalist party, the Rastriya Prajatantra Party Nepal.

Ideology

He served as a Home Minister during King Gyanendra's direct rule in 2006 until the king was forced to handover power to Girija Prasad Koirala of the Nepali Congress Party and his allies with Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) and Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). Thapa and his party called for a re-establishment of the monarchy through a referendum vote.[1] Thapa claimed that no political parties in Nepal have the courage to safeguard Nepali nationality, claiming: "Now the onus lies only with the institution of monarchy to safeguard Nepali sovereignty and national unity."[2]

He had also challenged the government to re-investigate the royal massacre: "Those blaming former King Gyanendra Shah for the massacre are now holding power in the government. I challenge them to track down the guilty."[3] RPP-N organised bandh (Close Down) on 22 February 2010 as part of its agitation demanding timely promulgation of constitution, end of current problems like load shedding and the current political deadlock and referendum on some key issues to be incorporated in the new constitution including constitutional monarchy, Hindu nation and federalism.[4]

Personal life

Kamal Thapa belongs to the Suyal Thapa clan. Kamal Thapa was born on 4 August 1955 in Kathmandu. He was born to a family with an army background. His father Chhatra Bahadur Thapa was a Colonel in the Royal Nepal Army while his mother was a homemaker. He has two brothers and five sisters. His elder brother is Lt General (Retd) Netra Bahadur Thapa while his younger brother is former President of All Nepal Football Association Ganesh Thapa, who has been involved in the development of football as a professional sport in Nepal.

Early career

Kamal Thapa represented Nepal as a football player having played for Narayani Zone and Sankata Boys Sports Club. He also became the captain of the National Football Team.

Kamal Thapa started his career as the President of National Student Organization during 1973-74. In 1977, he was the Assistant Lecturer for Political Economy in Institute of Forestry under Tribhuwan University, Nepal. He was the member of Constitution Reform Commission in 1980. He has also been the Member Secretary of Central Committee of National Youth Service Fund. He was also a cabinet member during the Panchayat rule, rising to the hold portfolios in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Local Development and Ministry of Housing and Physical Planning.[5]

He was the member of Parliament during 1986-1990 and 1995-1998. He was the Spokesman for Rastriya Prajatantra Party, 1992-2002 and General Secretary in 2003.

He was also a national level football player in his early days. He also served as the President of All Nepal Football Association (1978–87) and as Member of National Sports Council (1977-1987). He was also the executive member of Asian Football Confederation (1982-1990).

Currently, he is the Chairman of newly formed Rastriya Prajatantra Party.

Political career

Relationship with King Gyanendra

Kamal Thapa is known to have a good relationship with ex-monarch Gyanendra Shah, as Kamal Thapa actively took part in the government as homeminister under Shah. But, Gyanendra Shah and Kamal Thapa have never been spotted together publicly after Nepal became a republic. Kamal Thapa still voices for the need of Kingship in a country like Nepal where there are diverse group of people. Thapa states -" I do not voice for king but rather for royal institution (राजसंस्था ) ". In his statement-"म राजा होइन राजसंस्थाको कुरा गरिरहेको छु"

Deputy prime minister

Deputy Prime Minister Shree Kamal Thapa with Indian prime minister, Shri Narendra Modi, in New Delhi on 19 October 2015.
Deputy Prime Minister Shree Kamal Thapa with Indian prime minister, Shri Narendra Modi, in New Delhi on 19 October 2015.

He holds the office of deputy prime minister of Nepal in cabinet of Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli on 12 October 2015.[6]

Kama Thapa with Rajnath Singh in New Delhi on 18 October 2015.
Kama Thapa with Rajnath Singh in New Delhi on 18 October 2015.

Forming of Rastriya Prajatantra Party-Nepal

Rastriya Prajatantra Party was established on 15th Jestha, 2047 B.S. with an objective of providing an alternative democratic force to the nation. Nationalism, democracy and liberalism have remained as the three main ideological pillars of the party. Similarly, sovereignty of the people, competitive multi-party democracy, constitutional monarchy and the principle of rule of law are the political belief of the party. Despite having common agreement on major political issues, unfortunately, due to some technical differences two separate organizations with identical name, ideology and statute came into existence on the same day. Two RPPs contested the general election of 2048 B.S. separately. Obviously the results were not encouraging. Following the serious debacle in the election, under the pressure of party workers two RPPs decided to merge.

RPP held its first general convention in 2050 B.S. in Kathmandu, and unanimously elected former prime-minister Surya Bahadur Thapa as chairman. Former prime-minister Lokendra Bahadur Chand and Rajeshore Devkota were elected respectively as leader and co-chairman of the party. As provided in the party statute Padma Sundar Lawati was nominated as vice-chairman and Rabindra Nath Sharma, Pashupati Shamsher Rana and Prakash Chandra Lohani were nominated as general secretaries. Kamal Thapa became spokesman.

In the second general election held in 2051 B.S. united RPP secured eighteen percent of the total votes polled. Thus RPP became the third largest party in the parliament. Since none of the parties got absolute majority it was a hung parliament. The political developments that took place during the tenure of the second parliament gave opportunities for two RPP leaders namely Surya Bahadur Thapa and Lokendra Bahadur Chand to become the prime-minister of the country successively in the coalition governments. However, during this period the party saw serious differences among the top leadership, which eventually led once again for formal split of the party.

The second general convention of the party took place in 2054 B.S. in Birgunj. The Birgunj convention elected Surya Bahadur Thapa once again as chairman. Prakash Chandra Lohani, Pashupati Shamsher Rana and Kamal Thapa were nominated as vice-chairman, general secretary and spokesman respectively. Since two RPPs once again fought the general election with separate identity, the performance naturally were not good. However, it succeeded in retaining its third position in the parliament. Following the general election two factions again merged.

The third general convention held in Pokhara in 2059 B.S. elected Pashupati Samshere Rana as chairman. According to the party statute Padam Sunder Lawoti, Kamal Thapa and Roshan Karki were nominated as vice-chairman, general secretary and spokesperson.

The first-ever special general convention of the party took place in 2062 B.S. in Kathmandu. The special general convention passed a vote of no confidence motion against Pashupati Shamsher Rana and elected Kamal Thapa as chairman of the party. Padma Sunder Lawoti became the vice-chairman of the party.

Chairman Kamal Thapa resigned from his post and Rabindra Nath Sharma became the chairman of the party on 10th Karkik, 2063. Rabindra Nath Sharma resigned from the post of Chairman because of his poor health by the second week of Falgun, 2064 and the chairmanship of the party was handed over to Kamal Thapa again.[7]

References

  1. ^ "2009 sees monarchy down but not out in Nepal". The Times of India. 30 December 2009. Archived from the original on 25 October 2012. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  2. ^ "Nepal monarchy can only safeguard national identity: Kamal Thapa". The Telegraph. Nepal. 25 March 2009. Retrieved 8 January 2010.
  3. ^ "You searched for Govt days numbered: Thapa". The Himalayan Times. 24 February 2010. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  4. ^ [1][dead link]
  5. ^ "Cable: 04KATHMANDU408_a". Wikileaks.org. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  6. ^ Binaj Gurubacharya (12 October 2015). "Nepal's new premier names protest group leaders as deputies". News.yahoo.com. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 November 2010. Retrieved 10 August 2010.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)