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Kanaka Dasa
Personal
Born
Thimmappa Nayaka

3 December 1509
Died1609 (aged 100)
Kaginele, Byadagi Taluk (Haveri District)
ReligionHinduism
Parents
  • Beerappa (father)
  • Bachchamma (mother)
OccupationRuler, saint, poet, philosopher, composer
OrderHaridasa (Dasakuta)
PhilosophyVaishnavism

Kanaka Dasa (1509–1609)[1] was a Haridasa saint and philosopher, popularly called Daasashreshta Kanakadasa (ದಾಸಶ್ರೇಷ್ಠ ಕನಕದಾಸ). He was a renowned composer of Carnatic music, poet, reformer and musician.[2] He is known for his keertanas and ugabhoga, and his compositions in the Kannada language for Carnatic music. Like other Haridasas, he used simple Kannada and native metrical forms for his compositions.[3]

Life

Kanaka Dasa was born into a Kannada Kuruba (shepherd) Hindu family in Baada village, near Bankapura in Karnataka, and was a warrior at Bankapura fort. He was taught by Srinivasacharya. As a child, he became an expert in tarka, vyakaran, and mimamsa.[4] Based on one of his compositions, it is interpreted that he was seriously injured in a battle and was chanting the name of lord Hari. A begger appeares then Kanaka Dasa asks who are you?u called me replied the begger.Kanaka Dasa understood its lord Hari. He asked kanaka dasa to ask any 3 wishes and it shall be granted,Lord Hari asked wheather he need any Tresurer. Kanaka Dasa refuses it and askes 3 things as follows,1)To heal all his injuries ,2)Hari should appear when ever I call you. 3)To give darshan in his original form . Kanaka dasa by seeing the lord hari in his originally form he is mesmerized. After this incident, he gave up his profession as a warrior and devoted himself to composing music, writing literature and explaining philosophy to people. His early work includes poems titled "Narasimha Stotra", "Ramadhyana Mantra", and "Mohanatarangini".[5]

In Udupi

Kanaka Dasa had a connection with Udupi as he was the disciple of Vyasatirtha.[6] The priests would not let him enter the mutt, judging him to be a member of another caste based on his clothes, even though Vyasatirtha asked them to let Kanakadaasa into the temple.[7]

It is believed that something unnatural happened when Kanakadasa was outside the temple, waiting to be allowed to enter. It is believed that during those days, when Kanaka Dasa was not allowed to have the darshan of Krishna by the upper caste, then his hands was tied in rope of him to be a victim of a theft of temple and was beaten.then the deity turned around to face west where Kanaka Dasa was facing to give him a darshan..[4] He spent only a short time in Udupi. He used the phrase "Kagineleya Adikeshava" as his signature referring to the deity of Kaginele.

Writings

Bronze statue of Kanaka Dasa, Bada, Bankapur.jpg

Major works

Kanakadasa wrote about 240 Carnatic music compositions (kirtane, ugabhogas, padas, and philosophical songs)[8] besides five major works. Around 100 songs in Kannada[9] and 60 songs in English[10] are published in popular books.

Kanakadasa Jayanthi

Kanaka Dasa's birthday is celebrated in Karnataka, particularly in the Kuruba community. In 2008, Government of Karnataka decided to commemorate his birthday as a state festival and declared 15 November a state holiday.[11][12]

Kanakadasa Palace

Kanakadasa Fort
Kanakadasa Fort

During an excavation at Baada, Shiggaon region of Karnataka, the archaeological department found ruins of a fort and a palace which was identified as the magnificent era of Kanaka dasa (who was earlier called Thimmappa Nayaka). The State Government of Karnataka has built a new fort, palace and idols of Kanaka Dasa and his life scenarios commemorating the religious leader.[13]

Bhakta Kanakadasa Postal Stamp

Indian Postal Stamp honouring Sri Kanakadasa
Indian Postal Stamp honouring Sri Kanakadasa

In 1990, the Government of India honoured Kanaka Dasa by releasing a postal stamp in his name.[14]

In popular culture

Kannada actor and singer from the Kannada movie industry Dr. Rajkumar played Kanaka Dasa in the movie Bhakta Kanakadasa and the movie received a good response from the public.

Girish Karnad made a documentary film, Kanaka-Purandara (English, 1988), on the two medieval Bhakti poets of Karnataka.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Karnatakada Mahasant Kanakadasa by M. Basavaraj,(2007) The Publications Division of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Govt of India". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015.
  2. ^ says, Anantha Raju (15 December 2018). "Illustrious Saint Kanakadasa". Star of Mysore. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
  3. ^ Medieval Indian Literature, A Anthology (1997) by Shiva Prakash H.S., edited by Ayyappapanicker, Sahitya Akademi ISBN 8126003650, pp. 198–200
  4. ^ a b Prof., Sudhakara (1997). Kagineleya Kanakadaasottama. Pratibha Prakashana, Mysore.
  5. ^ HARISHANKAR. "The Great Saint Sree Kanaka Dasa". Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  6. ^ Rao, Vasudeva (2002). Living Traditions in Contemporary Contexts: The Madhva Matha of Udupi. Orient Blackswan. ISBN 978-81-250-2297-8.
  7. ^ Hegde, Sanjay (28 April 2014). "For human resolve, not miracles". The Hindu.
  8. ^ Kanakadasa-The Golden servant of Lord Hari (2001) by Basavaraj Naikar, National Book Trust ISBN 81-237-3664-9
  9. ^ Kanaka Daasara Padagalu (1997) By S Rudramurthy Shastri, Bhagya Laksmi Publishers, Bangalore
  10. ^ Songs of Three Great South Indian Saints by William J. Jackson (2002), Oxford India Paper, ISBN 0-19-566051-X
  11. ^ Nanjappa, Vicky (26 September 2008). "K'taka: Historic cabinet meet in Gulbarga". Rediff. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  12. ^ "Kanakadasa jayanthi holiday". Deccan Herald. The Printers, Mysore. 4 November 2009. Retrieved 30 November 2021.
  13. ^ "In memory of a saint-poet". 23 November 2015.
  14. ^ "Postage Stamps:: Postage Stamps,Stamp issue calendar 2014, Paper postage, Commemorative and definitive stamps, Service Postage Stamps, Philately Offices, Philatelic Bureaux and counters, Mint stamps". postagestamps.gov.in. Retrieved 30 June 2022.
  15. ^ AWARDS: The multi-faceted playwright[Usurped!] Frontline (magazine), Vol. 16, No. 03, January 30 - February 12, 1999.