Kangjia
Native toChina
RegionQinghai
Ethnicity2,000 (2007)[1]
Native speakers
1,000 (2007)[1]
Mongolic
  • Shirongolic [fr]
    • Kangjia
Language codes
ISO 639-3kxs
Glottologkang1281
ELPKangjia
Lang Status 40-SE.svg
Kangjia is classified as Severely Endangered by the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger

The Kangjia language (Chinese: 康家语; pinyin: Kāngjiāyǔ) is a recently discovered[when?] Mongolic language spoken by a Muslim population of around 300 people in Jainca (Jianzha) County, Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Qinghai province of China. As to its taxonomic affiliation, Kangjia seems to be an intermediate between Bonan language and Dongxiang language (Santa).

Phonology

Kangjia has nine vowels.[2]

Vowels
Front Central Back
Close ʉ u
Near-close ɪ̈
Close-mid e o
Mid ə
Open-mid ɔ
Open a
Consonants
Bilabial Alveolar Postalveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive/
Affricate
voiceless p t͡s t͡ʃ k q
voiced b d͡z d͡ʒ g ɢ
Fricative voiceless f s ʃ χ h
voiced v z ɣ ʁ
Approximant l j
Trill r

References

Citations

  1. ^ a b Kangjia at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Hans, Nugteren (2011). Mongolic Phonology and the Qinghai-Gansu Languages (PDF) (Doctoral thesis). Universiteit Leiden. ISBN 978-94-6093-070-6.

Sources

  • Kim, Stephen S. (2003). "Santa". In Janhunen, Juha (ed.). The Mongolic Languages. London: Routledge. pp. 347–348. ISBN 0-203-98791-8.
  • Sechenchogtu 斯钦朝克图 (1999). Kāngjiāyǔ Yánjiū 康家语硏究 [A Study of the Kangjia Language] (in Chinese). Shanghai: Shanghai yuandong chubanshe. ISBN 7-80613-534-0.