Karakhanid
Khaqani
RegionKara-Khanid Khanate
Era11th century
Language codes
ISO 639-3xqa
xqa
GlottologNone
This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Turkish. (February 2022) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Turkish article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 434 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Turkish Wikipedia article at [[:tr:Karahanlı Türkçesi]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|tr|Karahanlı Türkçesi)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.

Karakhanid Turkic, also known as Khaqani Turkic, was a historical Turkic language developed in the 11th century during the Middle Turkic period under the Kara-Khanid Khanate. It has been described as the first literary Islamic Turkic language. It is sometimes classified under the Old Turkic category, rather than Middle Turkic, as it is contemporary to the East Old Turkic languages of Orkhon and Old Uyghur. Eastern Middle Turkic languages, namely Khorezmian and later Chagatai are descendents of the Karakhanid language.[1]

Karakhanid vocabulary was influenced by Arabic and Persian loanwords, but the language itself was still noted to be similar to Old Uyghur language. The language was written using the Arabic script. Mahmud al-Kashgari's Dīwān Lughāt al-Turk and Yūsuf Balasaguni's Kutadgu Bilig are considered to be important literary works written in Karakhanid language.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b Johanson, Lars; Csató, Éva Á (2015-04-29). The Turkic Languages. Routledge. p. 85. ISBN 978-1-136-82527-9.