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Karl Steinbuch.
Karl Steinbuch.

Karl W. Steinbuch (June 15, 1917 in Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt – June 4, 2005 in Ettlingen) was a German computer scientist, cyberneticist, and electrical engineer. He was an early and influential researcher of German computer science, and was the developer of the Lernmatrix, an early implementation of artificial neural networks. Steinbuch also wrote about the societal implications of modern media.


Steinbuch studied at the University of Stuttgart and in 1944 he received his PhD in physics. In 1948 he joined Standard Elektrik Lorenz (SEL, part of the ITT group) in Stuttgart, as a computer design engineer and later as a director of research and development, where he filed more than 70 patents.[citation needed] There Steinbuch completed the first European fully transistorized computer, the ER 56 marketed by SEL.[1] In 1958 he became professor and director of the institute of technology for information processing (ITIV) of the University of Karlsruhe, where he retired in 1980.

In 1967 he began publishing books, in which he tried to influence German education policy. Together with books from colleagues like Jean Ziegler from Switzerland, Eric J. Hobsbawm from UK, and John Naisbitt his books[which?] predicted what he regarded as the coming education disaster of the emerging civic lobby society.[citation needed]

In 1957, Steinbuch coined the term Informatik, the German word for computer science,[2] which gave informatics, and the term kybernetische Anthropologie (Libin A, Libin E (2005). "Cyber-anthropology: a new study on human and technological co-evolution". Stud Health Technol Inform. 118: 146–55. PMID 16301776.).

Awards and recognition

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Steinbuch wrote several books and articles, including:[3]


  1. ^
  2. ^ Karl Steinbuch Eulogy - Bernard Widrow, Reiner Hartenstein, Robert Hecht-Nielsen
  3. ^ "Books by Karl Steinbuch".