Kavala Prefecture
Νομός Καβάλας
Former prefecture
Location of Kavala Prefecture in Greece
PeripheryEast Macedonia and Thrace
 • RankList of the prefectures of Greece by area
 • RankList of the prefectures of Greece by population

Kavala Prefecture (Greek: Νομός Καβάλας) was one of the prefectures of Greece. Its capital was Kavala. It was established in 1915, soon after its territory was incorporated into Greece in the Balkan Wars. The prefecture was disbanded on 1 January 2011 by the Kallikratis programme, and split into the regional units of Kavala and Thasos.